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Structure and bonding in simple compounds of the Group 17 elements

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter opens with a brief description of the hydrogen, methyl, and chloro derivatives of the monovalent halogens. This is followed by a description of compounds of hypervalent Cl, Br, and I. ... More


Nutritional epidemiology

Basil S. Hetzel

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter on nutritional epidemiology illustrates the application of epidemiology to two conditions. One is associated with undernutrition — the relation of iodine deficiency to fetal brain ... More


Iodine deficiency disorders

Felicity Savage King and Ann Burgess

in Nutrition for Developing Countries

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622334
eISBN:
9780191723643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622334.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs). It presents the causes of iodine deficiency and IDDs such as goitre, hyperthyroidism, and cretinism. It also discusses how to assess the ... More


Thyroid Cancer

Per Hall and Hans-Olov Adami

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In contrast to other cancers, the incidence of thyroid cancer is relatively high already before the age of fourty years. After the age of fifty years, the incidence of differentiated thyroid cancer ... More


Nutrition-Based Approaches to Early Childhood Development

Aisha K. Yousafzai, Mohammad Y. Yakoob, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Undernutrition during pregnancy and early childhood is a major public health issue in low- and middle-income countries, accounting for 35% of all child deaths. For every child who survives, ... More


Case study 1: universal salt iodization

Mark Lawrence

in Food Fortification: The evidence, ethics, and politics of adding nutrients to food

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691975
eISBN:
9780191748806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691975.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Universal salt iodisation (USI) to help prevent iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) was the case study selected to assess and analyse food fortification as a policy option to tackle public health ... More


Bound by the Global and National: Indonesia’s Changing Food Policies

Aya Hirata Kimura

in Hidden Hunger: Gender and the Politics of Smarter Foods

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451645
eISBN:
9780801467691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451645.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter focuses on Indonesia's micronutrient food policy. As micronutrients came to the forefront of nutrition policy in Indonesia in the 1990s, the government expanded vitamin A capsule ... More


The Abiotic Environment

David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster

in The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520278868
eISBN:
9780520961098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278868.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the structure, function, and abiotic requirements of giant kelp, providing a general guide to interpreting variation in Macrocystis populations in nature. In growth rates, ... More


Losing Our Minds: Effects of Chemical Pollution on the Intellectual Capacity and Mental Health of Future Generations

Barbara Demeneix

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199917518
eISBN:
9780190232382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917518.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Behavioural Neuroendocrinology

There is a global acceleration in the incidence of neurodevelopmental disorders. Numbers of children affected by an autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in the United States has reached 1 in 88 (1 in 56 ... More


Thyroid Hormone, Iodine, Selenium, and Mercury

Barbara Demeneix

in Losing Our Minds: Effects of Chemical Pollution on the Intellectual Capacity and Mental Health of Future Generations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199917518
eISBN:
9780190232382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917518.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Behavioural Neuroendocrinology

Iodine and selenium are required for the production and activation of thyroid hormone (TH). As TH is needed for brain development, iodine and selenium are required in the foetus and child and for ... More


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