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Periglacial and terrestrial habitats in polar regions

David N. Thomas, G.E. (Tony) Fogg, Peter Convey, Christian H. Fritsen, Josep-Maria Gili, Rolf Gradinger, Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Keith Reid, and David W.H. Walton

in The Biology of Polar Regions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the terrestrial ecosystems of the Arctic and Antarctic. It begins discussing some of their physical and chemical characteristics and then subsequent subsections detail the ... More


Conclusions: An Ecosystem Perspective of Shallow Marine Reefs

Tim R. McClanahan and George M. Branch

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter summarizes what the authors consider to be the key and general organizing principles of kelp forests and coral reefs along gradients of oceanography, latitude, and effects of fishing and ... More


Breaking Through: Essays, Journals, and Travelogues of Edward F. Ricketts

Edward Ricketts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247048
eISBN:
9780520932661
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247048.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Trailblazing marine biologist, visionary conservationist, deep ecology philosopher, Edward F. Ricketts (1897–1948) has reached legendary status in the California mythos. A true polymath and a thinker ... More


The Eye Designs of the Animal Kingdom

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter studies the eye designs of the animal kingdom. Today, there are ten generally recognized optical eye types that have evolved in various branches of the animal kingdom. Whereas ... More


Pollination by Nonflying Vertebrates and Other Oddities

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers pollination by nonflying vertebrates and other oddities. It begins with a discussion of ectotherm vertebrates visiting flowers; these include fish, amphibians, and reptiles. ... More


Seeing in depth in different species

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses depth vision in animals other than cats and primates. These include invertebrates, fish, amphibian, reptiles, birds, and mammals.


The mangrove community: marine components

Peter Hogarth

in The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568704
eISBN:
9780191717536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568704.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the marine components of mangroves. Mangroves provide marine organisms with both a physical environment and nutrients. Pneumatophores and prop roots greatly expand the surface ... More


“Zoological Introduction” to Between Pacific Tides

Katharine A. Rodger

in Breaking Through: Essays, Journals, and Travelogues of Edward F. Ricketts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247048
eISBN:
9780520932661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247048.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Edward F. Ricketts revised the original draft of Between Pacific Tides throughout the early 1930s, appending his four-page “Zoological Introduction,” in which he defended the book's ecological ... More


Neural Circuits: Spinal Cord, Retina, Invertebrate Systems

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

In the 1950s, the microelectrode opened the door not only to understanding the properties of the individual nerve cell, but also to how they are connected; how they “talk” to each other. Two ... More


The Impacts of ENSO on Terrestrial Ecosystems: A Comparison With NAO

Mauricio Lima and Fabian M. Jaksic

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter aims to cast new light upon the preceding chapters, drawing upon the authors' experience along the western fringe of South America, especially on data gained from Chilean ecosystems. The ... More


Behavioural and Neural Aspects of Learning and Memory

J. R. Krebs and G. Horn (eds)

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521983
eISBN:
9780191688492
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521983.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The topics discussed in this volume have been chosen to represent studies in which both behavioural and neurobiological analysis have been emphasized. They include work on behavioural and neural ... More


Consequences of Ant Invasions

Lori Lach and Linda M. Hooper‐Bùi

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Solenopsis invicta and Linepithema humile are among the most studied invasive insects but there are several other invasive ants with adverse ecological consequences. The displacement of native ants ... More


Reef Fisheries and Reef Aquaculture

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, and Graham M. Pilling

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198566359
eISBN:
9780191713934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566359.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Fisheries are of key importance in provision of protein, livelihood opportunities and income to islanders and coastal populations with few alternative food sources, including some of the world's ... More


Death Caps and Muscle Wasters

Nicholas P. Money

in Mushroom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732562
eISBN:
9780199918515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732562.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Few mushroom species are regarded as poisonous, but there are cases of serious illness and lethal poisoning caused by nominally edible species. These include muscle wasting, and eventual heart ... More


The secondary consumers: carnivores

Donald S. McLusky and Michael Elliott

in The Estuarine Ecosystem: Ecology, Threats and Management

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525080
eISBN:
9780191728198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525080.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the impact of the various secondary consumers on the populations of primary consumers, and how the secondary consumers share or compete for the food supplies between themselves. ... More


Diversity of life in peatlands

Håkan Rydin and John K. Jeglum

in The Biology of Peatlands

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198528722
eISBN:
9780191728211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528722.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Peatlands host a wide diversity of species and life forms. The plants are the most obvious, since they provide the structural foundation and are the source of organic compounds derived from ... More


Osmoconformers Osmoconformers

Timothy J. Bradley

in Animal Osmoregulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198569961
eISBN:
9780191728273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569961.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

In the marine environment, the vast majority of organisms are osmoconformers, meaning that all of their bodily fluids are in osmotic equilibrium with the surrounding seawater. If the salinity of the ... More


Cephalopod Neurobiology: Neuroscience Studies in Squid, Octopus and Cuttlefish

N. Joan Abbott, Roddy Williamson, and Linda Maddock (eds)

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547907
eISBN:
9780191724299
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547907.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

Cephalopods (octopus, squid, cuttlefish) are among the most intelligent invertebrates, with highly developed nervous systems that provide excellent model systems for investigating basic questions in ... More


Spineless Wonders

Frank H. T. Rhodes

in Origins: The Search for Our Prehistoric Past

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702440
eISBN:
9781501706233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702440.003.0005
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

This chapter focuses on the invertebrates—on whom the whole bio-economy of our planet depends. These creatures exist in countless numbers and represent a dazzling variety of different forms and form ... More


Handbook of the Marine Fauna of North-West Europe

Peter J. Hayward and John S. Ryland (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199549443
eISBN:
9780191847943
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549443.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This guide to the marine fauna of the continental shelf seas of north-west Europe provides dichotomous identification keys for macrobenthic invertebrates and coastal fish. An introduction to the ... More


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