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Sidgwickian Ethics

David Phillips

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199778911
eISBN:
9780199919093
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778911.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Henry Sidgwick’s The Methods of Ethics is one of the most important books in the history of moral philosophy. But it has not hitherto received the kind of sustained scholarly attention its stature ... More


The Right and the Good

David Ross

Philip Stratton-Lake (ed.)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252657
eISBN:
9780191598333
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252653.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The Right and the Good is a classic of 20th‐century philosophy by the great scholar Sir David Ross, which is now presented in a new edition with a substantial introduction by Philip Stratton–Lake, a ... More


Sorting Out Ethics

R. M. Hare

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is divided into three parts: in Part I, R. M. Hare offers a justification for the use of philosophy of language in the treatment of moral questions, together with an overview of his moral ... More


World Without Design: The Ontological Consequences of Naturalism

Michael C. Rea

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247608
eISBN:
9780191601804
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247609.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Philosophical naturalism has dominated the Western academy for well over a century. However, there is an important sense in which naturalism's status as orthodoxy is without rational foundation. ... More


Normative Bedrock: Response-Dependence, Rationality, and Reasons

Joshua Gert

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199657544
eISBN:
9780191742217
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657544.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Expressivism and non-reductive realism represent two very widely separated poles in contemporary discussion s of normativity. But the domain of the normative is both large and diverse. It would be ... More


Principled Guidance

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Morality is a practical matter that concerns choice and action, and a sound moral outlook should be capable of motivating someone to act virtuously. Hence, it is reasonable to expect that moral ... More


Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Mark Timmons (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics aims to provide, on an annual basis, some of the best contemporary work in the field of normative ethical theory. Each volume features new essays that ... More


Reservations about the Underlying Logic

Jonathan L. Kvanvig

in The Knowability Paradox

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282593
eISBN:
9780191603587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282595.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter explores the challenge to the proof of Fitch’s results presented by intuitionism, and the prospects of this viewpoint in avoiding the paradox that results. It argues that adopting ... More


Knowledge

Roger Crisp

in Reasons and the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199290338
eISBN:
9780191710476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290338.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Anyone who claims that there is some ultimate reason for action is likely to be asked two questions. First, how do you know? That is, what capacity gives you this special insight? And, second, what ... More


Professor Calderwood on Intuitionism in Morals

Henry Sidgwick

in Essays on Ethics and Method

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250234
eISBN:
9780191598432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250231.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Sidgwick argues that Calderwood's criticisms of his view on Intuitionism presented in Methods of Ethics derive from a misunderstanding of Sidgwick's project. Sidgwick did not set out to criticize, ... More


Metaethical Reflections on Robert Audi's Moral Intuitionism

Hugh J. McCann

in Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311952
eISBN:
9780199871070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311952.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses Audi's version of metaethical intuitionism, arguing that it faces significant objections. Without a basis for the theory's claims of self-evidence, it argues, moral intuitions ... More


Intuition, Reflection, and Justification

Robert Audi

in Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311952
eISBN:
9780199871070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311952.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter comprises Audi's responses to the critical chapters that comprise Part I, “Problems and Prospects for Intuitionist Ethics.” Audi defends his version of ethical intuitionism against the ... More


Moral Intuitionism Meets Empirical Psychology

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter claims that recent developments in psychology and brain science cast considerable doubt on moral intuitionism. In arguing for this claim, it first develops a set of six principles ... More


CONTINUITY ON THE REAL LINE AND IN FORMAL SPACES

Erik Palmgren

in From Sets and Types to Topology and Analysis: Towards practicable foundations for constructive mathematics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566519
eISBN:
9780191713927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566519.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Brouwer introduced his axioms for intuitionism to regain central results on continuity. Special axioms were avoided instead in Bishop's development of constructive analysis. Bishop in fact modified ... More


McDowell, Williams, and Intuitionism

Jonathan Dancy

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Bernard Williams's ‘What does Intuitionism Imply?’ (1988). It considers the justice of certain complaints that he makes about the position he associates with John McDowell. ... More


The Status of Normative Intuitions

Ralph Wedgwood

in The Nature of Normativity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199251315
eISBN:
9780191719127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251315.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Part III of the book is devoted to epistemological issues. If there are objective normative truths, then how could we ever know them? How could we even have any rational or justified beliefs in ... More


Sublunary Intuitionism

Charles Travis

in Occasion-Sensitivity: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230334
eISBN:
9780191710605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230334.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Truth matters to all those capable of thinking falsely (so of thinking things); but to philosophers in a special way. Philosophers have spoken volumes on the topic. One such example is Michael ... More


Conclusions: Reflections and Hopes

Kumaraswamy Velupillai

in Computable Economics: The Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295273
eISBN:
9780191596988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295278.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

In the concluding chapter, the themes broached in the first chapter are reconsidered in the light of the results and framework developed in the book as computable economics. In particular, the idea ... More


The Development of Mathematical Logic from Russell to Tarski, 1900–1935

Paolo Mancosu, Richard Zach, and Calixto Badesa

in The Development of Modern Logic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195137316
eISBN:
9780199867912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137316.003.0029
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter presents itineraries in the history of mathematical logic from the period 1900–1935. By focusing on a narrower range of topics, the chapter improves on the existing literature on the ... More


The A Priori

John Skorupski

in The Domain of Reasons

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199587636
eISBN:
9780191595394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587636.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter gives a normative account of what it means to say of a proposition, of a warrant, and of knowledge that it is a priori; it then argues that all synthetic a priori propositions are either ... More


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