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Introduction: The Price of Inclusion: Austria’s First Republic and the Jews

Lisa Silverman

in Becoming Austrians: Jews and Culture between the World Wars

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199794843
eISBN:
9780199950072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794843.003.0000
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter introduces the overlapping, imagined notions of Jews, Vienna, and the Austrian provinces between the World Wars by examining how the national and urban representations functioned in ... More


Constructing and Consolidating the Standard Employment Relationship in International Labour Regulation

Leah F. Vosko

in Managing the Margins: Gender, Citizenship, and the International Regulation of Precarious Employment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574810
eISBN:
9780191722080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574810.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, HRM / IR

This chapter traces the evolution of the SER as the baseline of international labour regulation in the interwar and post‐World War II periods. It reviews the SER's central pillars—the bilateral ... More


The Interwar Crisis and the Postwar Constitutional Settlement of Administrative Governance

Peter L. Lindseth

in Power and Legitimacy: Reconciling Europe and the Nation-State

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195390148
eISBN:
9780199866397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390148.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

This chapter explores the national antecedents to European integration by looking at the postwar constitutional settlement of administrative governance on the national level in more detail. It begins ... More


‘Malaise Alsacien’—Malaise féminin? Alsatian Women's Identity in Question, 1918–39

Elizabeth Vlossak

in Marianne or Germania?: Nationalizing Women in Alsace, 1870-1946

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199561117
eISBN:
9780191595035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561117.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The administrative, legal, civil, constitutional and political transitions that took place in Alsace and Lorraine after 1918 caused the ‘Malaise alsacien’. This chapter explores the extent to which ... More


Introduction

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The gold standard is conventionally portrayed as synonymous with financial stability, and its downfall, starting in 1929, is implicated in the global financial crisis and the worldwide depression. A ... More


The Interwar Gold Standard in Operation

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This is the first of three chapters that consider the operation of the reconstructed gold standard system following World War I; it documents the decline in its credibility and in international ... More


Introduction

Christopher T. Keaveney

in Beyond Brushtalk: Sino-Japanese Literary Exchange in the Interwar Period

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099289
eISBN:
9789882206656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099289.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

The golden age of Sino-Japanese literary exchange is first described. The writers examined in this book include a number of the most celebrated authors of the era from both China and Japan. ... More


The National Physical Laboratory

Eileen Magnello

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter details the establishment of the National Physical Laboratory (NPL). The NPL is one of the world's great national standards laboratories. In his presidential address to the British ... More


The Interwar Years 1919–39

in Offshore Island Politics: The Constitutional and Political Development of the Isle of Man in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853237778
eISBN:
9781846313691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853237778.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter concentrates on the interwar period. This chapter discusses the government and elections of Major General Sir William Fry, Sir Claude Hill, Sir Montagu Butler and William Leveson-Gower ... More


. Cracks in the Foundations (1928–1933)

Norman Ingram

in The Politics of Dissent: Pacifism in France 1919-1939

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222958
eISBN:
9780191678547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222958.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Pacifist ideas in France during the interwar period can be characterized as a slow process of internalization and expression. The principles advocated by the APD remained constant and unchanging in ... More


Postwar Instability

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The chapter covers the postwar boom and slump, which provided a first indication of how radically the environment had changed since before World War I, although contemporaries did not appreciate its ... More


Current Account Reversals: Always a Problem?

Muge Adalet and Barry Eichengreen

in G7 Current Account Imbalances: Sustainability and Adjustment

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226107264
eISBN:
9780226107288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107288.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter evaluates the frequency, magnitude, and effects of current account reversals in the gold standard era (1880–1914), the interwar period (1919–1939), Bretton Woods (1945–1970), and the ... More


The Resurgence of Interwar Germany

David M. Edelstein

in Over the Horizon: Time, Uncertainty, and the Rise of Great Powers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501707568
eISBN:
9781501709449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501707568.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

While Hitler’s Germany in the 1930’s has received abundant attention, this chapter begins earlier in the interwar period. Throughout the 1920’s, Europe’s great powers debated how to manage a defeated ... More


Reconstructing the Facade

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter (like the previous one) looks at the fiscal war of attrition that fueled inflation in the 1920s; here, inflationary chaos elsewhere in Europe is contrasted with the experience of ... More


The Fascist Effect: Japan and Italy, 1915-1952

Reto Hofmann

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453410
eISBN:
9780801456367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453410.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

During the interwar period, Japanese intellectuals, writers, activists, and politicians, although conscious of the many points of intersection between their politics and those of Mussolini, were ... More


Toward the Tripartite Agreement

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

By 1934, it was impossible to ignore the contrast between the persistence of depression in gold standard countries and the acceleration of recovery in the rest of the world; the continued allegiance ... More


Musings of a Literary Pilgrim: Tanizaki Jun'ichirō's Discoveries in China and Their Records

Christopher T. Keaveney

in Beyond Brushtalk: Sino-Japanese Literary Exchange in the Interwar Period

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099289
eISBN:
9789882206656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099289.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter explores the impact of travel to China of Tanizaki Jun'ichirō. Tanizaki visited China on two occasions (1918 and 1926). The pieces resulting from the first visit fall neatly into the ... More


Crisis and Opportunity

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This is the third of three chapters that consider the operation of the reconstructed gold standard system following World War I. It describes the desperate attempts of policy makers to defend the ... More


Two Parliaments Escape Reform

R. R. Palmer

in The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760-1800

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161280
eISBN:
9781400850228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161280.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter focuses on events in Europe in the years between 1774 and 1789, or between the beginnings of the American and of the French revolutions. During this period, the stresses and conflicts ... More


Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Barry Eichengreen

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The gold standard and the Great Depression might appear to be two very different topics requiring two entirely separate books, and the attempt to combine them here reflects Barry Eichengreen's ... More


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