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Determining Sample Size: Balancing Power, Precision, and Practicality

Patrick Dattalo

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195315493
eISBN:
9780199865475
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315493.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Sample size determination is an important and often difficult step in planning an empirical study. From a statistical perspective, sample size depends on the following factors: type of analysis to be ... More


Estimating and Applying Uncertainty in Assessment models

Thomas B. Kirchner

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses probabilistic methods for conducting uncertainty analysis, methods that can be use to evaluate both local and global sensitivity of models to parameters, and issues related to ... More


Further observations

Marian Stamp Dawkins

in Observing Animal Behaviour: design and analysis of quantitative data

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198569350
eISBN:
9780191717512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569350.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Having concentrated mainly on measuring the amount of behaviour animals do, this chapter looks at a variety of measurements that can be made, such as when behaviour occurs, the sequence in which ... More


Methodologies for root selection

Christopher G. Small and Jinfang Wang

in Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Estimating Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506881
eISBN:
9780191709258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506881.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter studies the specific problem of selecting a root of an estimating equation with more than one root, for instance, using methods by removing the irregularity of the estimating function or ... More


The New Musical Language

Elliott Antokoletz

in Musical Symbolism in the Operas of Debussy and Bartok

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195365825
eISBN:
9780199868865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365825.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Opera

This chapter explores the sources and evolution of the new musical language that lead to the symbolist ideal and corresponding musical processes. The latter is based on transformation of traditional ... More


How some people became farmers

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter shows how farming developed in Eurasia from increasingly intrusive plant management, which sometimes elicited rapid genetic responses from a few plants (especially cereals and pulses), ... More


Summary and Conclusions

Patrick Dattalo

in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

In this chapter, specific recommendations made in chapters one through five are summarized. In conclusion, it is argued that, more generally, and in the longer term, alternatives and supplements to ... More


Sampling and Measurement

Peter Lyons and Howard J. Doueck

in The Dissertation: From Beginning to End

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373912
eISBN:
9780199865604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373912.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter examines participant selection, sampling design, sample size and sampling error; as well as the importance of statistical power, effect size, confidence levels, and confidence intervals. ... More


Regression with a Dichotomous Dependent Variable Regression with a Dichotomous Dependent Variable

John G. Orme and Terri Combs-Orme

in Multiple Regression with Discrete Dependent Variables

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195329452
eISBN:
9780199864812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329452.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes the use of binary logistic regression (also known simply as logistic or logit regression), a versatile and popular method for modeling relationships between a dichotomous ... More


Generalized Set Theory (1):Interval Functions; Canonical Groups and Canonical Equivalence; Embedding Functions

David Lewin

in Generalized Musical Intervals and Transformations

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195317138
eISBN:
9780199865413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317138.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter begins a study of generalized set theory, that is, the interrelationships among finite sets of objects in musical spaces. The first construction studied is the Interval Function between ... More


The ecology of female reproduction in wild orangutans

Cheryl D. Knott, Melissa Emery Thompson, and Serge A. Wich

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Orangutans have the longest interbirth interval of any mammal, with existing data suggesting that these intervals may be significantly longer in Sumatra than in Borneo. This finding presents a ... More


Geographic variation in orangutan behavior and biology: Its functional interpretation and its mechanistic basis

Carel P. van Schaik, Andrew J. Marshall, and Serge A. Wich

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0024
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Extensive field data are available for three (out of four) Pongo taxa: the Sumatran P. abelii and the Bornean P. pygmaeus wurmbii of west and central Kalimantan and P. p. morio of east Kalimantan and ... More


Orangutan life history variation

Serge A. Wich, Han de Vries, Marc Ancrenaz, Lori Perkins, Robert W. Shumaker, Akira Suzuki, and Carel P. van Schaik

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Great ape life-history data are especially relevant for tests of the predictions of life-history theory and to establish firmly the derived features of human life history and therefore the changes ... More


Wavelets on General Domains

Karsten Urban

in Wavelet Methods for Elliptic Partial Differential Equations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198526056
eISBN:
9780191712340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526056.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Finance

The construction of wavelets on general domains is performed in three steps. This chapter starts by introducing the construction of scaling functions and wavelets on bounded univariate intervals. ... More


Disagreeing Across Time

Berit Brogaard

in Transient Truths: An Essay in the Metaphysics of Propositions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796908
eISBN:
9780199933235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796908.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Eternalism holds that present-tensed sentences make implicit reference to the time of speech. ‘John is a firefighter’, for example, expresses, relative to a context, the proposition that John is a ... More


Local Regression and Likelihood

Partha P. Mitra and Hemant Bokil

in Observed Brain Dynamics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195178081
eISBN:
9780199864829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178081.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Local regression and likelihood methods are nonparametric approaches for fitting regression functions and probability distributions to data. This chapter discusses the basic ideas behind these ... More


Fertility in Ankole, Buganda, and Buhaya, 1925–69

Shane Doyle

in Before HIV: Sexuality, Fertility and Mortality in East Africa, 1900-1980

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265338
eISBN:
9780191760488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265338.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter reports that the main reasons why fertility rose in Ankole, Buganda and Buhaya were not associated with changing age at first marriage or a growing economic desire for larger families, ... More


Generalized Interval Systems (1): Preliminary Examples and Definition

David Lewin

in Generalized Musical Intervals and Transformations

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195317138
eISBN:
9780199865413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317138.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter takes as its point of departure a figure showing two points s and t in a symbolic musical space. The arrow marked i symbolizes a characteristic directed measurement, distance or motion ... More


Transformation Graphs and Networks (1): Intervals and Transpositions

David Lewin

in Generalized Musical Intervals and Transformations

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195317138
eISBN:
9780199865413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317138.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

Instead of starting with a Generalized Interval System (GIS) and deriving certain characteristic transformations therefrom, it is possible to start with a family of characteristic transformations on ... More


Physical Order

Rolf G. Kuehni and Andreas Schwarz

in Color Ordered: A Survey of Color Order Systems from Antiquity to the Present

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189681
eISBN:
9780199847747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189681.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

To develop fully the data in a particular spectral light signature, one must know it in whole spectral detail. For a natural image, this signifies a massive amount of information, depending on the ... More


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