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Internal Combustion Engines

Vaclav Smil

in Creating the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations of 1867-1914 and Their Lasting Impact

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195168747
eISBN:
9780199835522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168747.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Invention and commercialization of automotive internal combustion engines was a multistranded process that began during the 1880s in Germany with design by Benz, Daimler and Maybach, and then ... More


Major Development Blocks in the Twentieth Century and Their Impacts on Energy

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the impact of major development blocks on the diffusion of new energy carriers and energy consumption in twentieth-century Europe. The focus is on the drivers of energy ... More


Creating the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations of 1867-1914 and Their Lasting Impact

Vaclav Smil

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195168747
eISBN:
9780199835522
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168747.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book is a systematic interdisciplinary account of the history of unprecedented technical advances that took place in Europe and North America during the three pre-WWI generations and of their ... More


Transforming the 20th Century:: Debts and Advances

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Technical progress in the 20th century was based on the unprecedented technical advances that took place during the two pre-WWI generations (1867-1914). All of these fundamental and lasting ... More


Energy and Civilization: A History

Vaclav Smil

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035774
eISBN:
9780262338301
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035774.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Energy is the only universal currency; it is necessary for getting anything done. The conversion of energy on Earth ranges from terra-forming forces of plate tectonics to cumulative erosive effects ... More


Practical heat engines

Andrew M. Steane

in Thermodynamics: A complete undergraduate course

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198788560
eISBN:
9780191830426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788560.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Heat engines used for power generation and other purposes are introduced. The Stirling engine and the internal combustion engine are described, and the Otto cycle explained. The maximum work theorem ... More


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