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Majority and Minority Perspectives in Intergroup Relations: The Role of Contact, Group Representations, Threat, and Trust in Intergroup Conflict and Reconciliation

John F. Dovidio, Samuel L. Gaertner, Melissa-Sue John, Samer Halabi, Tamar Saguy, Adam R. Pearson, and Blake M. Riek

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the potential roles of intergroup representations, threat, and trust in the dynamics of intergroup relations between Whites and Blacks. It first explores the psychological ... More


Intergroup Relations and Reconciliation: Theoretical Analysis and Methodological Implications

Thomas E. Malloy

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes the Intergroup Relations Model, which asserts that the move to peaceful intergroup relations hinges on ensuring that the adversarial groups perceive equality of opportunities ... More


Stepping Stones to Reconciliation in Northern Ireland: Intergroup Contact, Forgiveness, and Trust

Miles Hewstone, Jared B. Kenworthy, Ed Cairns, Nicole Tausch, Joanne Hughes, Tania Tam, Alberto Voci, von Ulrich Hecker, and Catherine Pinder

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter highlights three stepping stones for success in interventions for violent intergroup conflicts: investigating when and how intergroup contact results in reduced prejudice and improved ... More


A Social-Psychological Approach to Postconflict Reconciliation

Blake M. Riek, Samuel L. Gaertner, John F. Dovidio, Marilynn B. Brewer, Eric W. Mania, and Marika J. Lamoreaux

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses how social- psychological processes influence intergroup conflict and how these processes can be used in interventions aimed at improving relations between former adversaries. ... More


How Needs Can Motivate Intergroup Reconciliation in the Face of Intergroup Conflict

Felicia Pratto and Demis E. Glasford

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the thesis that intergroup conflict may incite needs that can be met through intergroup reconciliation. In particular, it reviews research that suggests three needs that are ... More


The Road to Reconciliation

Walter G. Stephan

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the goals of reconciliation at the societal and individual level and the antecedent conditions that make reconciliation so difficult. It describes the intervention techniques ... More


From Egosystem to Ecosystem in Intergroup Interactions: Implications for Intergroup Reconciliation

Jennifer Crocker, Julie A. Garcia, and Noah Nuer

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents a framework for thinking about intergroup relations that can be immediately useful to people who are confronted with these issues in their daily lives. It suggests that downward ... More


Social organization: intergroup relations, tenure, longevity, and dispersal

Thomas T. Struhsaker

in The Red Colobus Monkeys: Variation in Demography, Behavior, and Ecology of Endangered Species

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780198529583
eISBN:
9780191712746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529583.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter presents a brief and generalized overview of red colobus social organization. Most populations and taxa of red colobus live in large, multimale groups. Adult females typically outnumber ... More


Social Identity, Legitimacy, and Intergroup Conflict: The Rocky Road to Reconciliation

Russell Spears

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that legitimacy is a double-edged sword, providing a constraint not only on discrimination, but also on resistance that might lead injustice to be challenged. The chapter is ... More


Diminishing Vertical Distance: Power and Social Status as Barriers to Intergroup Reconciliation

Lasana T. Harris and Susan T. Fiske

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that social emotions derived from power and perceived social status generate a skewed perception of the out-group, resulting in residual negative affect and the creation of a ... More


Between Conflict and Reconciliation: Toward a Theory of Peaceful Coexistence

Stephen Worchel and Dawna K. Coutant

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores the factors that cause and nurture intractable conflict between enduring groups, examines the implications of a focus on peaceful coexistence, and relates this perspective to ... More


Help as a Vehicle to Reconciliation, With Particular Reference to Help for Extreme Health Needs

Jeffrey D. Fisher, Arie Nadler, Jessica S. Little, and Tamar Saguy

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines how the provision of medical assistance across borders during times of medical emergency (i.e., the AIDS epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa) can improve relations between donor and ... More


Reconciliation, Trust, and Cooperation: Using Bottom-Up and Top-Down Strategies to Achieve Peace in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Reuben M. Baron

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that intergroup reconciliation depends on the links between intragroup and intergroup processes. It considers the relationship between willingness to cooperate with the out-group ... More


Social Categorization, Standards of Justice, and Collective Guilt

Anca M. Miron and Nyla R. Branscombe

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter outlines a model describing when and how one particular intergroup emotion — collective guilt — will be experienced depending on the standard employed for judging the social injustice ... More


Reconciliation After Destructive Intergroup Conflict

Morton Deutsch

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter distinguishes between destructive conflicts that have the characteristic of a competitive struggle and constructive conflicts that are more similar to cooperative problem solving. It ... More


Obama’s Potential to Transform the Racial Attitudes of White Americans

John F. Dovidio, Samuel L. Gaertner, Tamar Saguy, and Eric Hehman

in The Obamas and a (Post) Racial America?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735204
eISBN:
9780199894581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735204.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The election of Barack Obama as President of the United States can have profound impact, currently and into the future, on Whites’ racial attitudes by providing unprecedented virtual intergroup ... More


Promoting Reconciliation After Genocide and Mass Killing in Rwanda—And Other Postconflict Settings: Understanding the Roots of Violence, Healing, Shared History, and General Principles

Ervin Staub

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes an approach developed to promote reconciliation between Tutsis and Hutus in the aftermath of the horrific genocide in Rwanda. The approach, the research conducted to evaluate ... More


A Political Community?

Angelika Scheuer

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter is the first of four on the question of legitimacy in the EU, and deals with the core question of whether and to what extent the citizens of the EU have grown together into a political ... More


Intergroup Comparison and Intragroup Relationships: Group Processes in the Cultures of Individualism and Collectivism

Masaki Yuki and Kosuke Takemura

in Culture and Group Processes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199985463
eISBN:
9780199385607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985463.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter deals with cross-cultural differences in psychological processes that operate in group contexts. It first briefly reviews the well-known construct of individualism and collectivism, ... More


A Knowledge-Based Account of Cultural Identification: The Role of Intersubjective Representations

Ching Wan and Jia Yu

in Culture and Group Processes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199985463
eISBN:
9780199385607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985463.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Cultural identification has often been studied from the perspective of individuals’ categorical membership in a cultural group. This chapter presents an alternative account of cultural identification ... More


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