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From Sword to Shield: The Transformation of the Corporate Income Tax, 1861 to Present

Steven A. Bank

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195326192
eISBN:
9780199775811
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326192.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

The U.S. corporate income tax — and in particular the double taxation of corporate income — has long been one of the most criticized and stubbornly persistent aspects of the federal revenue system. ... More


Somoza and Roosevelt: Good Neighbour Diplomacy in Nicaragua, 1933-1945

Andrew Crawley

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199212651
eISBN:
9780191707315
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212651.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Franklin Roosevelt's good neighbour policy, coming in the wake of decades of U.S. intervention in Central America, and following a lengthy U.S. military occupation of Nicaragua, marked a significant ... More


Quantum Liquids: Bose condensation and Cooper pairing in condensed-matter systems

Anthony James Leggett

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526438
eISBN:
9780191711954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526438.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Starting from first principles, this book introduces the closely related phenomena of Bose condensation and Cooper pairing, in which a very large number of single particles or pairs of particles are ... More


Introduction

GARY TAYLOR and JOHN JOWETT

in Shakespeare Reshaped, 1606-1623

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198122562
eISBN:
9780191671470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122562.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

As an author's work may be reshaped either by the author himself or by other people, we realize that the Shakespeare canon has undergone both types of reshaping, and these are not easily ... More


Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Eric Post

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Rising temperatures are affecting organisms in all of Earth's biomes, but the complexity of ecological responses to climate change has hampered the development of a conceptually unified treatment of ... More


Confiscating Live Body Parts

Cécile Fabre

in Whose Body is it Anyway?: Justice and the Integrity of the Person

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199289998
eISBN:
9780191603556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199289999.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the duty of assistance includes a duty to make some of one’s body parts available, before death, to those who need them. It claims that however demanding such duty may seem ... More


Conclusion

F. H. Buckley

in Fair Governance: Paternalism and Perfectionism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195341263
eISBN:
9780199866892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341263.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter summarizes the book's argument. It begins by redefining liberalism and a liberal, the latter which is defined as one who believes that people's preferences are prima facie worthy of ... More


Before Negative and Positive Liberty

Philip Pettit

in Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296423
eISBN:
9780191600081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296428.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The negative conception of freedom as non‐interference and the positive conception of freedom as self‐mastery are not the only available ideals of liberty; a third alternative is the conception of ... More


Liberty as Non‐Domination

Philip Pettit

in Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296423
eISBN:
9780191600081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296428.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Interference involves an intentional or quasi‐intentional worsening of someone's choice situation and occurs on an arbitrary basis to the extent that it is not forced to track the interests and ideas ... More


Introduction

William Bain

in Between Anarchy and Society: Trusteeship and the Obligations of Power

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199260263
eISBN:
9780191600975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260265.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Begins by giving an outline of the idea of trusteeship as presented by P. H. Kerr, and then as viewed against a background of the opposite idea—that of liberty, as considered by J. S. Mill. It states ... More


Introduction

Geir Lundestad

in The United States and Western Europe Since 1945: From "Empire" by Invitation to Transatlantic Drift

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266685
eISBN:
9780191601057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266689.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The first section of the Introduction presents the main arguments of the book, which the author describes as fairly simple. He indicates that while focusing on the overall issue of cooperation versus ... More


The Language of Perjury Cases

Roger W Shuy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199795383
eISBN:
9780199919314
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795383.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This book describes the contributions of linguistics to the intelligence gathering and analysis in the legal context by showing the way evidence is analyzed in eleven perjury cases. Beginning with a ... More


Assessing the Statist Ideal

Laura Valentini

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the complaint that the statist ideal is excessively biased in favour of the status quo and argues that this critique is only partly successful. While the statists’ (especially ... More


The Content of Justice: Freedom and Equality

Laura Valentini

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses how to move from a general concern with the justification of coercion to particular substantive principles of justice. It argues that a social system is just only so long as it ... More


Natural selection in closed asexual populations

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The mechanism of evolutionary change can be studied directly through selection experiments in laboratory microcosms. This chapter begins by describing the experimental approach to evolution, and goes ... More


Adaptive radiation: diversity and specialization

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Selection in complex and structured environments is likely to cause the divergence of differently adapted lines. This will lead to a diverse array of specialized types, or to one or a few broad ... More


What Is Light, Really?

Sönke Johnsen

in The Optics of Life: A Biologist's Guide to Light in Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139906
eISBN:
9781400840663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139906.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This concluding chapter explains that the modern theory of light falls within the field of quantum mechanics. At first glance, quantum mechanics does not seem that strange—its name is based on the ... More


Exchangeability and regression models

Peter McCullagh

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter explores the relation between exchangeability, a concept from stochastic processes, and regression models in which the observed process is modulated by a covariate. A stochastic process ... More


Experiments in linear optics

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents experiments employing the optical devices described in Chapter 8 and the detection schemes discussed in Chapter 9. Single-photon interference — described by a first-order ... More


The English Causatives: Causation and Interpersonal Relations

Anna Wierzbicka

in English: Meaning and Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195174748
eISBN:
9780199788514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174748.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

While it is generally agreed that, metaphorically speaking, words are carriers of meaning, it is less widely recognized that grammatical categories of a language, too, encode meaning. But in fact ... More


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