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Motivational Influences on Cognitive Control: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Hannah S. Locke and Todd S. Braver

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Motivation is an important component of self-regulation that helps set the effort level an organism is willing to expend to achieve a desired goal. However, motivation is an elusive concept in ... More


Biopsychological and Neural Processes of Implicit Motivation

Julie L. Hall, Steven J. Stanton, and Oliver C. Schultheiss

in Implicit Motives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335156
eISBN:
9780199776955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter we provide an overview of recent research on the biopsychological correlates of implicit motives. We review evidence for a role of gonadal steroids (testosterone and estradiol) as ... More


Conclusions and Continuations

Richard Sharpe

in Medieval Irish Saints' Lives: An Introduction to Vitae Sanctorum Hiberniae

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198215820
eISBN:
9780191678219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198215820.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, History of Religion

The O'Donohue group of Irish saints' Lives must be added to the list of Latin texts from what is termed Phase I, the period roughly between 6650 and 850. These texts each have their own individual ... More


Neuroscience of Empathic Responding

Jean Decety

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0036
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Empathy, the capacity to comprehend the affective and emotional states of others in relation to oneself, has evolved with the mammalian brain and plays a critical role in social interaction. This ... More


The neuroimaging of thirst by positron emission tomography

Derek Denton

in The Primordial Emotions: The dawning of consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199203147
eISBN:
9780191695476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203147.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses the results of experiments on neuroimaging of thirst by positron emission tomography conducted at the Research Imaging Center in San Antonio, Texas. The experiments focused on ... More


The self and its body: functional and neural signatures of body ownership

Manos Tsakiris

in Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231447
eISBN:
9780191696510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231447.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines functional and neural signatures of body ownership by controlling whether an external object was accepted as part of the body or not. The results of a series of experiments ... More


The role of the insula in goal-directed drug seeking and choice in addiction

Nasir H. Naqvi and Antoine Bechara

in Addiction and Choice: Rethinking the relationship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198727224
eISBN:
9780191833427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727224.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes our current understanding of the role of the insula in addiction. It begins by summarizing the initial work by the authors showing the effects of insula lesions on smoking ... More


Empathy and the brain

Cade McCall and Tania Singer

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The ability to feel what others are feeling is basic to human social life. In recent years, neuroscientists have begun to study empathy as distinct from other affective phenomena or mentalizing. ... More


Neural sources of empathy: An evolving story

Jamil Zaki and Kevin Ochsner

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The ability to feel what others are feeling is basic to human social life. In recent years, neuroscientists have begun to study empathy as distinct from other affective phenomena or mentalizing. ... More


Anatomical Substrates for Cognitive-Emotional Interactions

Luiz Pessoa

in The Cognitive-Emotional Brain: From Interactions to Integration

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019569
eISBN:
9780262314756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019569.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter illustrates how the brain’s architecture exhibits extensive avenues for information interaction and integration, and how its underlying structure provides the substrate for the ... More


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