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Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Rosalind James and Theresa L. Pitts-Singer (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Bees play a vital role as pollinators for many agricultural crops. This book discusses the interplay between bees, agriculture, and the environment. Although honey bees are well recognized as ... More


Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

C. Neal Stewart

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

From years prior to the release of the first commercial transgenic crop in 1995 to the present, many concerned activists, regulators, and scientists have questioned how genetic engineering might ... More


Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

Russell Lande, Steinar Engen, and Bernt-Erik Saether

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525257
eISBN:
9780191584930
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525257.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

All populations fluctuate stochastically, creating a risk of extinction that does not exist in deterministic models, with fundamental consequences for both pure and applied ecology. This book ... More


Introduction

James H. Hunt

in The Evolution of Social Wasps

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195307979
eISBN:
9780199894192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307979.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This introductory chapter begins with a description of the Order Hymenoptera. It then discusses the rationale behind the book's focus on the wasp family Vespidae. An overview of the subsequent ... More


Kinship

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

When do we care for others as we care for ourselves? William Hamilton showed that we should be expected to care for our family members in proportion to our degree of relationship to them. Such ... More


The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain

Malcolm Burrows

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523444
eISBN:
9780191724411
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523444.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

Studies of insect nervous systems have made an immense contribution to our understanding of how a brain works and the way that the connections between constituent neurons are formed during ... More


Introducing insect infection and immunity

Jens Rolff and Stuart E. Reynolds

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the reasons for studying insect immunity. It then describes how insect immunity works and insect immunity and organism-level interactions. Finally, the ... More


Ecological and evolutionary implications of specific immune responses

Ben M. Sadd and Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter approaches the question of immune specificity from an evolutionary ecology perspective. For the sake of clarity, immune specificity is addressed on two levels. First, immune specificity ... More


Zooplankton and zoobenthos in high-latitude water bodies

Milla Rautio, Ian A.E. Bayly, John A.E. Gibson, and Marjut Nyman

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The biodiversity of zooplankton and zoobenthos decreases towards high latitudes, though the two poles have different species compositions despite environmental similarities in temperature, habitat ... More


Endophytes and Host-Plant Herbivore Relationships

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Perhaps the most well-studied attribute of endophyte-infected grasses is their ability to produce alkaloids. These endophytic alkaloids fall into four general classes: 1) pyrrolopyrazine alkaloids; ... More


The Problem of Disease When Domesticating Bees

Rosalind R. James

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

When disease strikes a hive of bees, it can devastate the colony and spread to the entire beekeeping operation. All bees are susceptible to diseases, and when they are domesticated, their population ... More


The extended phenotype within the colony and how it obscures social communication

David P Hughes

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Societies of social insects are paragons of communication. Multiple channels exist between different members and the transmitted information ranges from specifying the location of foraging areas to ... More


Neurobiology of olfactory communication in the honeybee

Maria Gabriela de Brito-Sanchez, Nina Deisig, Jean-Christophe Sandoz, and Martin Giurfa

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Pheromones are chemical substances mediating intraspecific communication in a variety of behavioural contexts. Honeybees constitute a historic model for the study of pheromonal communication in ... More


The Neurobiology of Spatial Behaviour

K.J. Jeffery (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198515241
eISBN:
9780191687914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515241.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This book explores the relationship between cellular processes and animal behaviour. It does this by focusing on the domain of navigation, bringing together scientists from either side of the ... More


Aerial Navigation and Optic Flow SensingA Biorobotic Approach

Nicolas Franceschini, Franck Ruffier, and Julien Serres

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter addresses some of the control problems involved in an animal's visually guided three-dimensional piloting. It formulates explicit control schemes that explain how insects may navigate ... More


Better Living through Biology: Not Killing the Good Insects by Accident

C. Neal Stewart

in Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

The monarch butterfly attracted attention as a target of biotechnology risks because it is showy. But what about more obscure but beneficial insects? Would they be harmed by transgenic plants? After ... More


Bt Resistance Management: Getting Off the Treadmill

C. Neal Stewart

in Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

Although Bt transgenic plants are ecologically benign compared with insecticide sprays, there is a concern that insects will eventually evolve resistance to Bt toxin. If that happened, then the ... More


Animal Architecture

Mike Hansell

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507529
eISBN:
9780191709838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507529.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Construction behaviour occurs across the entire spectrum of the animal kingdom and affects the survival of both builders and other organisms associated with them. This book provides a comprehensive ... More


The Division of Labor: Two Cases of the Return of Randomness in Higher Forms

John Tyler Bonner

in Randomness in Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157016
eISBN:
9781400846429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157016.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses two cases where, in cell and insect societies, there is a small reversal, and randomness is brought back to the fore to play a key role in their respective developments. During ... More


Polarization Vision

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores how polarization sensitivity is achieved in animals and how it is used in natural behavior. Arthropods are famous for their polarization sensitivity, but other animals, ... More


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