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Data, Information, and Knowledge: Have We Got It Right?

Max H. Boisot, Ian C. MacMillan, and Kyeong Seok Han

in Explorations in Information Space: Knowledge, Actors, and Firms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199250875
eISBN:
9780191719509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250875.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Economists make the unarticulated assumption that information is something that stands apart from and is independent of the processor of information and its internal characteristics. This book argues ... More


Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

James Ladyman, Don Ross, and and David Spurrett with John Collier

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book argues that the only kind of metaphysics that can contribute to objective knowledge is one based specifically on contemporary science as it really is, and not on philosophers' a priori ... More


Emancipation, the Media, and Modernity: Arguments about the Media and Social Theory

Nicholas Garnham

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198742258
eISBN:
9780191695001
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742258.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This book approaches the problems raised by the media via a set of arguments with post-modernism and Information Society theory. It argues that the media are important because they raise a set of ... More


The Philosophy of Information

Luciano Floridi

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199232383
eISBN:
9780191594809
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book brings together the outcome of ten years of research. It is based on a simple project, which was begun towards the end of the 1990s: information is a crucial concept, which deserves a ... More


Information Foraging Theory: Adaptive Interaction with Information

Peter L. T. Pirolli

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173321
eISBN:
9780199893232
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173321.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Modern mankind forages in a world awash in information, of our own creation, which can be transformed into knowledge that shapes and powers our engagement with nature. We produce a staggering volume ... More


From Plato to the World Wide Web: Information Foraging on the Internet

Wai-Tat Fu

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0018
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Generally speaking, two conditions make cognitive search possible: (a) symbolic structures must be present in the environment and (b) these structures must be detectable by a searcher, whose behavior ... More


Information Foraging Theory: Framework and Method

Peter Pirolli

in Information Foraging Theory: Adaptive Interaction with Information

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173321
eISBN:
9780199893232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173321.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Information foraging theory is being developed in order to understand and improve human—information interaction. The framework assumes that humans adapt to the world by seeking and using information. ... More


Statistical Physics of Spin Glasses and Information Processing: An Introduction

Hidetoshi Nishimori

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509417
eISBN:
9780191709081
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509417.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Spin glasses are magnetic materials with strong disorder. Statistical mechanics has been a powerful tool to theoretically analyse various unique properties of spin glasses. A number of new analytical ... More


Corporate Governance in Japan: Institutional Change and Organizational Diversity

Masahiko Aoki, Gregory Jackson, and Hideaki Miyajima (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284511
eISBN:
9780191713705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284511.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This book uses comparative institutional analysis to explain differences in national economic performance. Countries have their own rules for corporate governance and they have different market ... More


Cybernetics, or The Digitization of the Social

Seb Franklin

in Control: Digitality as Cultural Logic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029537
eISBN:
9780262331135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029537.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter examines the interdisciplinary field of cybernetics as an emblematic site for the movement of digital principles from specific, technical applications to imprecisely deployed metaphors. ... More


Outline of a theory of strongly semantic information

Luciano Floridi

in The Philosophy of Information

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199232383
eISBN:
9780191594809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter applies and further supports the conclusion reached in chapter five by presenting a quantitative theory of strongly semantic information (TSSI) based on truth-values rather than ... More


Introduction to Information Theory

M. Vidyasagar

in Hidden Markov Processes: Theory and Applications to Biology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133157
eISBN:
9781400850518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133157.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter provides an introduction to some elementary aspects of information theory, including entropy in its various forms. Entropy refers to the level of uncertainty associated with a random ... More


Rabid Dogma? Comments on Bub and Pitowsky

Christopher Timpson

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The proposed interpretation, if it is to count as realism, must say more about the evolution of the state while the argument that more about its dynamics oughtn't to be said (given the ... More


Networks and the Problem of Panpsychism

Cyriel M. A. Pennartz

in The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

A crucial deficiency of network models is their inability to modally identify or recognize the inputs they receive. To begin solving this problem, we ask to what extent current models resemble ... More


Altogether Now—Not! Integration Theories of Consciousness and Pathologies of Disunity

Robert Van Gulick

in Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029346
eISBN:
9780262330213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Robert Van Gulick explains how integration and unity play an important role in a number of current theories and models of consciousness. Normal consciousness is unified in a variety of ways but many ... More


The Information-Processing Approach

William Lyons

in Approaches to Intentionality

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198752226
eISBN:
9780191695087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752226.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter deals with the information-processing account of Fred Dretske, an account that combines the representational aspect of mental content and the teleological interpretation of its cognitive ... More


Quantum Probabilities: An Information‐Theoretic Interpretation

Jeffrey Bub

in Probabilities in Physics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199577439
eISBN:
9780191730603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577439.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops a realist information-theoretic interpretation of the nonclassical features of quantum probabilities. To make plain these nonclassical features, quantum games are analyzed in ... More


Classical information

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book deals with the basic concept of information, its importance, and the similarities and differences between classical and quantum information. First, classical information theory and its ... More


Information theory

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the concept of information and relates it to thermodynamic entropy. It illustrates the deep connection between these two concepts. It begins by formulating one definition of ... More


Neurophysiological Explanations

Phillip H. Wiebe

in Visions of Jesus: Direct Encounters from the New Testament to Today

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195126693
eISBN:
9780199853366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195126693.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers explanations coming from neurophysiology. These are among the most important, culturally speaking, given the widespread suspicion among philosophers and neural scientists about ... More


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