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Digitizing the American Economy

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 1: How Computers Changed the Work of American Manufacturing, Transportation, and Retail Industries

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165883
eISBN:
9780199789672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165883.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter reviews how the American economy has evolved over the past half century and the role computers have played in that evolution. It describes the role of labor, the productivity paradox, ... More


ESPRIT: Europe's Response to US and Japanese Domination in Information Technology

Dimitris Assimakopoulos, Rebecca Marschan-Piekkari, and Stuart Macdonald

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

Established in 1983, the European Strategic Program for Research in Information Technologies (ESPRIT) is the oldest of the European Commission's research and technology development (RTD) programmes. ... More


Arrival of Digital Technologies and Their Applications

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 1: How Computers Changed the Work of American Manufacturing, Transportation, and Retail Industries

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165883
eISBN:
9780199789672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165883.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes the long term evolution of computer technology and the emergence of fundamental uses of the technology — called applications. It summarizes how such uses affected businesses ... More


Role of Financial Industries in the U.S. Economy

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand: Volume II: How Computers Changed the Work of American Financial, Telecommunications, Media, and Entertainment Industries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165876
eISBN:
9780199789689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165876.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes the presence, structure, and form of the banking, insurance, and brokerage industries in the United States. It describes the evolution of these industries over the past half ... More


Role of Telecommunications Industries in the U.S. Economy

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand: Volume II: How Computers Changed the Work of American Financial, Telecommunications, Media, and Entertainment Industries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165876
eISBN:
9780199789689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165876.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

No industry seems to have undergone as many fundamental changes in the United States as the telecommunications industry. This chapter describes those changes and the role information technology ... More


Uses of Computing in Print Media Industries: Book Publishing, Newspapers, Magazines

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand: Volume II: How Computers Changed the Work of American Financial, Telecommunications, Media, and Entertainment Industries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165876
eISBN:
9780199789689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165876.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes how computers have been used in book publishing, newspapers, and magazines over the past half century. It describes specific applications, such as printing, the extent to which ... More


Digital Applications in Electronic Media Industries: Radio and TV

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand: Volume II: How Computers Changed the Work of American Financial, Telecommunications, Media, and Entertainment Industries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165876
eISBN:
9780199789689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165876.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes the role of information technology in two electronic media industries over time: radio and TV. It describes their applications in business practices, recording and transmission ... More


Conclusions: Lessons Learned, Implications for Management

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand: Volume II: How Computers Changed the Work of American Financial, Telecommunications, Media, and Entertainment Industries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165876
eISBN:
9780199789689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165876.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes the role of information technologies in the shaping and offerings of services industries, then moves on to describe broad patterns of IT adoption by such industries, and the ... More


Business Patterns and Digital Applications in the Insurance Industry

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand: Volume II: How Computers Changed the Work of American Financial, Telecommunications, Media, and Entertainment Industries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165876
eISBN:
9780199789689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165876.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes the history of how the insurance industry has evolved since the 1950s, and what information technology applications it embraced. It then describes the extent of the use of IT ... More


Information for Innovation: Managing Change from an Information Perspective

Stuart Macdonald

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241477
eISBN:
9780191696947
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241477.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Organization Studies

Information is not taken seriously. Much is said about the information age, the information economy, the information society, and particularly about information technology, but little about ... More


Israel's High‐Tech Catch‐Up Process: The Role of IPR and Other Policies

Meir Pugatch, Morris Teubal, and Odeda Zlotnick

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up: An International Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199574759
eISBN:
9780191722660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter discusses the experience of Israel. At the time of its independence in 1948, its people came from different parts of the world, providing them with international orientation from the ... More


Digital Applications in Entertainment Industries: Movies and Recorded Music

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand: Volume II: How Computers Changed the Work of American Financial, Telecommunications, Media, and Entertainment Industries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165876
eISBN:
9780199789689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165876.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes the use of information technology in two entertainment industries that have become extensive users of many digital technologies: movies and recorded music. It describes the ... More


Business Patterns and Digital Applications in the Brokerage Industry

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand: Volume II: How Computers Changed the Work of American Financial, Telecommunications, Media, and Entertainment Industries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165876
eISBN:
9780199789689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165876.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes the history of how the brokerage industry evolved since the 1950s, and what information technology applications it embraced. It then describes the extent of IT use and its ... More


Introduction

Stuart Macdonald

in Information for Innovation: Managing Change from an Information Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241477
eISBN:
9780191696947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241477.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Organization Studies

This introductory chapter begins by describing what this book is all about, namely, information, its uses, and the results of its use. It explains briefly the information perspective and how ... More


Epigraphy and Informatics: An Introduction

Silvio Panciera

in Epigraphy and the Historical Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265062
eISBN:
9780191754173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265062.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This brief chapter stresses the difference between the revolutionary possibilities of applying Information Technology to the Greek and Roman epigraphic record and its limited effects to date. It ... More


Uses of Computing in the Banking Industry

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand: Volume II: How Computers Changed the Work of American Financial, Telecommunications, Media, and Entertainment Industries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165876
eISBN:
9780199789689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165876.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes the applications of information technologies in the banking industry over the past half century, and how these changed the nature of this industry's work, structure, and ... More


The Digital Hand: Volume II: How Computers Changed the Work of American Financial, Telecommunications, Media, and Entertainment Industries

James W. Cortada

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165876
eISBN:
9780199789689
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165876.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This is a history of how over a dozen American industries have used computers and been affected by them in the financial, telecommunications, media, and entertainment industries since 1950. It ... More


Manufacturing Practices in Information Technology Industries: Semiconductors, Hard Disk Drives, and Software

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 1: How Computers Changed the Work of American Manufacturing, Transportation, and Retail Industries

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165883
eISBN:
9780199789672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165883.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes how computers came into three information technology industries: semiconductors, hard disk drives, and software, for doing the work of each. It describes applications, how work ... More


Information Technology Strategies: How Leading Firms use IT to gain an Advantage

William V. Rapp

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195148138
eISBN:
9780199849376
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148138.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

The focus of this book is on educating on the strategic principles fundamental to using information technology to gain market control. It provides case examples of how to use IT to enhance existing ... More


General Purpose Technologies and Surges in Productivity: Historical Reflections on the Future of the ICT Revolution

Paul A. David and Gavin Wright

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter analyses the relationship between the diffusion of general purpose technologies (GPTs) and surges in the growth of productivity. It first explores the dynamics of GPT diffusion by ... More


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