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The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Chun Wei Choo

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

The book links the broad areas of organizational behavior and information management. It looks at how organizations behave as information-seeking, information-creating, and information-using ... More


The Less Than Awesome Power of Expectations to Distort Information-Seeking

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0032
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents a critical analysis of claims that perceivers seek social information in ways that constrain targets’ reactions in such a manner as to almost ensure expectancy confirmation. ... More


The Extraordinary Power of Expectancies to Bias Perception, Memory, and Information-Seeking

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Expectations can be self-confirming, not only because they create self-fulfilling prophecies, but also because they may influence, bias, and distort how people interpret, evaluate, judge, remember, ... More


Seeking information in non-human animals: weaving a metacognitive web

Josep Call

in Foundations of Metacognition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646739
eISBN:
9780191745867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646739.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Over the last decade, studies on metacognition have been playing an increasingly prominent role in the field of animal cognition. Although a growing number of studies have documented responses ... More


Getting information from other people: Who do children turn to?

Michelle M. Chouinard and Kristi Imberi-Olivares

in Access to Language and Cognitive Development

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199592722
eISBN:
9780191731488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592722.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews research revealing important aspects of how children learn from conversations. Like adults, when children are trying to find out how a novel mechanism works (for example, how a ... More


Theoretical Constructs and Models in Information-Seeking Behavior

Raya Fidel

in Human Information Interaction: An Ecological Approach to Information Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017008
eISBN:
9780262301473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017008.003.0003
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

This chapter discusses various theoretical constructs, such as laws, models, and conceptual frameworks, in information-seeking behavior. It first looks at theories in library and information science ... More


Information Foraging Theory: Adaptive Interaction with Information

Peter L. T. Pirolli

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173321
eISBN:
9780199893232
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173321.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Modern mankind forages in a world awash in information, of our own creation, which can be transformed into knowledge that shapes and powers our engagement with nature. We produce a staggering volume ... More


A Rational–Ecological Approach to the Exploration/Exploitation Trade-Offs: Bounded Rationality and Suboptimal Performance

Wai-Tat Fu

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter describes a rational-ecological approach to derive the processes underlying the balance between exploration and exploitation of actions as an organism adapts to a new environment. The ... More


Neuroethology of Decision Making

Geoffrey K. Adams, Karli K. Watson, John Pearson, and Michael L. Platt

in Evolution and the Mechanisms of Decision Making

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018081
eISBN:
9780262306027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018081.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

A neuroethological approach to decision making posits that neural circuits mediating choice evolved through natural selection to link sensory systems flexibly to motor output in a way that enhances ... More


What Is Human Information Interaction?

Raya Fidel

in Human Information Interaction: An Ecological Approach to Information Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017008
eISBN:
9780262301473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017008.003.0002
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

Research on human information interaction (HII) focuses on people’ s relationship with information, rather than with technology (as in human-computer interaction) or with the information agency (as ... More


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