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 Principles of Representation and Control

Don M. Tucker

in Mind from Body: Experience from neural science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195316988
eISBN:
9780199786848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316988.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the principles of information science that may help explain the brain's operation. These principles show how artificial neural networks can achieve distributed representation — ... More


Outlook

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book has discussed the foundations of quantum information science as well as the relationship between physics and information theory in general. It has considered the quantum equivalents of the ... More


Ultracold Gases and Quantum Information: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School in Singapore: Volume 91, July 2009

Christian Miniatura, Leong-Chuan Kwek, Martial Ducloy, Benoît Grémaud, Berthold-Georg Englert, Leticia Cugliandolo, Artur Ekert, and Kok Khoo Phua (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603657
eISBN:
9780191729515
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603657.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In recent years, there has been much synergy between the exciting areas of quantum information science and ultracold atoms. This volume, as part of the proceedings for the XCI session of Les Houches ... More


Human Information Retrieval

Julian Warner

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013444
eISBN:
9780262259262
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013444.001.0001
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

Information retrieval in the age of Internet search engines has become part of ordinary discourse and everyday practice: “Google” is a verb in common usage. Thus far, more attention has been given to ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


What Is Human Information Interaction?

Raya Fidel

in Human Information Interaction: An Ecological Approach to Information Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017008
eISBN:
9780262301473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017008.003.0002
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

Research on human information interaction (HII) focuses on people’ s relationship with information, rather than with technology (as in human-computer interaction) or with the information agency (as ... More


Theoretical Constructs and Models in Information-Seeking Behavior

Raya Fidel

in Human Information Interaction: An Ecological Approach to Information Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017008
eISBN:
9780262301473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017008.003.0003
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

This chapter discusses various theoretical constructs, such as laws, models, and conceptual frameworks, in information-seeking behavior. It first looks at theories in library and information science ... More


From Case Investigation to the Case-Control Method: Information for Decision Making

Haroutune K. Armenian

in The Case-Control Method: Design and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195187113
eISBN:
9780199864898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187113.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explains first why the use of epidemiology for decision making in the health professions makes the discipline an information science. As a first step, case investigation is presented as ... More


Mapping Israel, Mapping Palestine: How Occupied Landscapes Shape Scientific Knowledge

Jess Bier

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036153
eISBN:
9780262339957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036153.001.0001
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cartography

Mapping Israel, Mapping Palestine is an analysis of the ways that segregated landscapes have shaped digital cartography in Jerusalem and the West Bank since 1967. Extending work on how technology is ... More


Theoretical challenges in the transition from lexicographical p-works to e-tools

Sven Tarp

in Electronic Lexicography

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654864
eISBN:
9780191745966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654864.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter initially discusses whether a lexicographical theory exists, is possible at all or even necessary. After giving a positive answer to all three questions, it briefly discusses the ... More


Introduction

Julian Warner

in Human Information Retrieval

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013444
eISBN:
9780262259262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013444.003.0001
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

The Internet and its search engines have revolutionized information retrieval. There is a wide gap between search engines and library and information science, as well as between crucially relevant ... More


Exograms and Interdisciplinarity: History, the Extended Mind, and the Civilizing Process

John Sutton

in The Extended Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014038
eISBN:
9780262266024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014038.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter aims to describe two compatible but distinct movements or “waves” within the literature of the extended mind hypothesis (EM) and to defend and illustrate the interdisciplinary ... More


Information and Communication Technologies for Diabetes Self-Management and Education: User-Centered Perspectives

Mia Liza A. Lustria and Linda Lockett Brown

in Health Informatics: A Patient-Centered Approach to Diabetes

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014328
eISBN:
9780262289498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014328.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter discusses the rationale for selecting information technology-based solutions for diabetes care. It highlights the prevailing tendency to design health interventions around the technology ... More


Beyond Broadband Access: Developing Data-Based Information Policy Strategies

Richard D. Taylor and Amit M. Schejter (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823251834
eISBN:
9780823268955
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251834.001.0001
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

This volume not only examines traditional questions about broadband, such as availability and access, but also explores and evaluates new metrics that are more applicable to the evolving technologies ... More


Conclusion

Julian Warner

in Human Information Retrieval

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013444
eISBN:
9780262259262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013444.003.0009
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

This chapter reviews semantics and syntactics in relation to preexisting theories relevant to information retrieval, the labor theoretic approach, and existing and emerging real-world practices. ... More


The New Librarianship Field Guide

R. David Lankes

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262529082
eISBN:
9780262334600
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529082.001.0001
Subject:
Information Science, Library Science

The field guide seeks to outline an approach to librarianship, librarians, and libraries based on knowledge, learning, and community engagement. The first part of the book covers the mission, skills, ... More


Manifestly Haraway

Donna J. Haraway

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780816650477
eISBN:
9781452954332
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816650477.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Manifestly Haraway brings together for the first time two popular and controversial multi-world and multi-disciplinary tracts, “The Cyborg Manifesto” and “The Companions Species Manifesto.” ... More


Quantum Information, Quantum Cryptography, and Quantum Teleportation

Christopher C. Gerry and Kimberley M. Bruno

in The Quantum Divide: Why Schrödinger's Cat is Either Dead or Alive

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199666560
eISBN:
9780191748646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666560.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses quantum information science (QIS), quantum key distribution (QKD), and quantum teleportation. The new field of QIS encompasses several overlapping subdisciplines: quantum ... More


The Architecture of the Computer

John Harwood

in The Interface: IBM and the Transformation of Corporate Design, 1945-1976

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816670390
eISBN:
9781452946825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816670390.003.0003
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural History

This chapter deals with the contributions of industrial engineers to the design of computers. Industrial engineers are primarily concerned with the spatial and functional relations of the machine to ... More


Networks

Mark Newman

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198805090
eISBN:
9780191843235
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805090.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The study of networks, including computer networks, social networks, and biological networks, has attracted enormous interest in recent years. The rise of the Internet and the wide availability of ... More


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