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Rethinking the informal economy: linkages with the formal economy and the formal regulatory environment

Martha Alter Chen

in Linking the Formal and Informal Economy: Concepts and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204762
eISBN:
9780191603860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204764.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This paper explores the relationship of the informal economy to the formal economy and to the formal regulatory environment. It begins with a comparison of the earlier concept of the ‘informal ... More


The impact of regulation on growth and informality: cross-country evidence *

Norman V. Loayza, Ana María Oviedo, and Luis Servén

in Linking the Formal and Informal Economy: Concepts and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204762
eISBN:
9780191603860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204764.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This paper studies the effects of regulation on economic growth and the relative size of the informal sector in a large sample of industrial and developing countries. Along with firm dynamics, ... More


The Informal Sector in Developing Countries: Output, Assets, and Employment

Sangeeta Pratap and Erwan Quintin

in Personal Wealth from a Global Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199548880
eISBN:
9780191720765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548880.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This study documents four key facts about informal economic activities: (1) the size of the informal sector varies greatly across nations; (2) this size is strongly correlated with economic ... More


Voluntary contributions to informal activities producing public goods: can these be induced by government and other formal sector agents? Some evidence from Indonesian posyandus

Jeffrey B. Nugent and Shailender Swaminathan

in Linking the Formal and Informal Economy: Concepts and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204762
eISBN:
9780191603860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204764.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Indonesia’s posyandus are an excellent example of important local quasi-public goods (health care) produced largely by volunteers, but with crucial inputs from government and other formal sector ... More


The global path: soft law and non-sovereigns formalizing the potency of the informal sector

Robert K. Christensen

in Linking the Formal and Informal Economy: Concepts and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204762
eISBN:
9780191603860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204764.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The Westphalian paradigm suggests that sovereign nation-states formally constitute the only legitimate institutions of international policy creation, enactment, and enforcement. This paper seeks to ... More


The Impact of International Trade on Manufacturing Employment in India

S.N. Rajesh Raj and Kunal Sen

in Growth, Development, and Diversity: India's Record since Liberalization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077992
eISBN:
9780199081608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077992.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses the impact of India’s external trade on employment in the post-liberalization era. It arrives at the conclusion that although India’s exports have increased, they have not had ... More


Reforms and Productivity in the Informal Sector

Sugata Marjit and Saibal Kar

in The Outsiders: Economic Reform and Informal Labour in a Developing Economy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198071495
eISBN:
9780199081257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198071495.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter deals with specific micro-econometric characteristics reflecting on some aspects of formal–informal relations. Certain observations in the chapter were derived from primary surveys ... More


Unemployment: South Africa' Achilles' Heel

John Knight and Geeta Kingdon

in South African Economic Policy under Democracy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199551460
eISBN:
9780191720376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551460.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Economic Systems

This chapter examines unemployment trends since the time of the democratization of South Africa. It argues that the rise in unemployment is best explained by the rapid growth in the labour force ... More


Introduction

Sugata Marjit and Saibal Kar

in The Outsiders: Economic Reform and Informal Labour in a Developing Economy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198071495
eISBN:
9780199081257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198071495.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This introductory chapter sets out the purpose of the book, which is to analyse the deeper impact of reformatory or deregulatory policies on the welfare of informal workers by incorporating the ... More


Impact of Trade on Labour Markets in the Unorganized Sector in India: An Empirical Approach

Rashmi Banga and Seema Bathla

in Growth, Development, and Diversity: India's Record since Liberalization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077992
eISBN:
9780199081608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077992.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses the impact of trade on employment in the informal sector of India’s manufacturing sectors. The analysis is based on data for the year 2005–6, for as large a number as 81,000 ... More


The Extended Heckscher-Ohlin Framework with the Informal Sector

Sugata Marjit and Saibal Kar

in The Outsiders: Economic Reform and Informal Labour in a Developing Economy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198071495
eISBN:
9780199081257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198071495.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the role of unionization in a country with a sizeable informal segment. It provides a set of examples where formal and informal sector production/service activities coexist for ... More


The Informal Sector in General Equilibrium Models

Sugata Marjit and Saibal Kar

in The Outsiders: Economic Reform and Informal Labour in a Developing Economy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198071495
eISBN:
9780199081257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198071495.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents a general equilibrium model to theoretically examine the activities of the informal sector in dual economy labour markets. By linking the unorganized sector to the organized ... More


Informal Sector Industry in India: An Overview

Jesim Pais

in Economics: Volume 1: Indian Industrialization

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199458936
eISBN:
9780199086887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199458936.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The informal sector industry in India is large and important both in terms of employment it provides and industrial output it generates. According to recent estimates for India, the informal sector ... More


Outsourcing, Informality, and Informal Wages

Sugata Marjit and Saibal Kar

in The Outsiders: Economic Reform and Informal Labour in a Developing Economy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198071495
eISBN:
9780199081257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198071495.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the connection between production and outsourcing from the formal sector and its implications for economic development within its large informal counterpart. It primarily ... More


The Road Ahead

Sugata Marjit and Saibal Kar

in The Outsiders: Economic Reform and Informal Labour in a Developing Economy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198071495
eISBN:
9780199081257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198071495.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter summarizes the results of the volume and discusses relevant issues and areas for further research. Once viewed as a precipitate of formal activities, the informal sector has gradually ... More


India: Globalization and Its Social Discontents

Amitava Krishna Dutt and J. Mohan Rao

in External Liberalization, Economic Performance and Social Policy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195145465
eISBN:
9780199783960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145465.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines the historical record with a view of assessing the diverse views about India's economic reforms, which have aimed to liberalize and globalize its economy. First, the content of ... More


Introduction

Kaveri Gill

in Of Poverty and Plastic: Scavenging and Scrap Trading Entrepreneurs in India's Urban Informal Economy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198060864
eISBN:
9780199080175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198060864.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book is about poverty and the urban informal sector, as engaged in by the garbage collectors or scavengers and the plastic recycling or scrap trading entrepreneurs of Delhi. It explores a ... More


Migration

Pranab Bardhan and Christopher Udry

in Development Microeconomics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198773719
eISBN:
9780191595929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198773714.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Begins with a discussion of why industrialization is usually accompanied by the concentration of industries in urban areas. It then introduces the Harris–Todaro model, which has been the dominant ... More


Informal Wages in the Presence of Agricultural and Manufacturing Sectors

Sugata Marjit and Saibal Kar

in The Outsiders: Economic Reform and Informal Labour in a Developing Economy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198071495
eISBN:
9780199081257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198071495.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the welfare implications of changing wage and employment situations in the informal sector by constructing a comprehensive model. The structure involves an agricultural sector ... More


The Informal Economy, Economic Growth, and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

Ernest Aryeetey

in Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa: Current and Emerging Issues

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198728450
eISBN:
9780191795343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198728450.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The role that informality plays in the shaping of economies is not yet very well understood. In many economies anxious to modernize and grow faster, informality is seen as a challenge that has to be ... More


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