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Economic Miracle and Political Limbo: Italy and Its ‘Extracommunitarians’

Carl-Ulrik Schierup

in Migration, Citizenship, and the European Welfare State: A European Dilemma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780198280521
eISBN:
9780191603730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280521.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

To grasp Italy’s experience of migration, welfare, and citizenship, it is necessary to first understand the convoluted relationship between formal legislation and central directives on the one hand, ... More


Blocking human potential: how formal policies block the informal economy in the maputo corridor *

Fredrik Söderbaum

in Linking the Formal and Informal Economy: Concepts and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204762
eISBN:
9780191603860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204764.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This paper deals with one of the most interesting cross-border micro-regions in Africa: the Maputo corridor. In the mid-1990s, the governments of South Africa and Mozambique agreed to reconstruct the ... More


Enforcement and compliance in Lima's street markets: the origins and consequences of policy incoherence towards informal traders

Sally Roever

in Linking the Formal and Informal Economy: Concepts and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204762
eISBN:
9780191603860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204764.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

For decades, excessive and costly regulations have provided strong incentives for people to work outside Peru’s formal economy. In the case of street vending, repeated efforts to govern street ... More


The Outsiders: Economic Reform and Informal Labour in a Developing Economy

Sugata Marjit and Saibal Kar

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198071495
eISBN:
9780199081257
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198071495.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The informal economy has emerged as one of the most dynamic, active, and hotly-debated domains in the entire developing world. Unfortunately, it remains one of the least treated subjects in ... More


Introduction: Informal Economy, Vulnerabilities, and Popular Security-Enhancing Practices

Isabelle Hillenkamp, Frédéric Lapeyre, and Andreia Lemaître

in Securing Livelihoods: Informal Economy Practices and Institutions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199687015
eISBN:
9780191766916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687015.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter shows the importance of moving from modernization theories to institutionnalist approaches when studying the informal economy. This has the effect of ‘opening the black box’ of these ... More


Working in the City

David Sims

in Understanding Cairo: The Logic of a City Out of Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774164040
eISBN:
9781617970405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774164040.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter attempts to explain how the inhabitants of Cairo, Egypt work and survive in an environment that is, in many ways, stacked against them. It describes the city's informal economy and the ... More


International Business in Latin America

Robert Grosse

in Oxford Handbook of International Business

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241828
eISBN:
9780191596834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241821.003.0023
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An examination is made of international business activity in Latin America. It starts by tracing the historical context, and then analyses four issues that are central to international business in ... More


Informal Economies and Community Livelihoods

Paul James, Yaso Nadarajah, Karen Haive, and Victoria Stead

in Sustainable Communities, Sustainable Development: Other Paths for Papua New Guinea

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835880
eISBN:
9780824871611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835880.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter asserts that just as the informal economy is conventionally taken to exist outside the “real economy,” studies of informal economic activities tend to be located outside the central ... More


Rising Unemployment and Coping Strategies: The Case of the Novosibirsk Oblast in Russia

Natalia Tchernina

in The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter deals with how the people of Russia, particularly in Novosibirsk, were able to cope with the rising unemployment rate brought about by the emergence of the labour market in Russia. The ... More


Neoliberal Reforms, Regulatory Change, and the Informal Economy: The Case of Turkey from a Comparative Perspective 1

Kus Basak

in Securing Livelihoods: Informal Economy Practices and Institutions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199687015
eISBN:
9780191766916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687015.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Drawing on an in-depth study of the Turkish case, and using comparative data from transition countries, this chapter examines the link between neoliberal reforms and the growth of the informal ... More


Immediate Struggles: People, Power, and Place in Rural Spain

Susana Narotzky and Gavin Smith

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520245686
eISBN:
9780520939011
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520245686.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This historical and ethnographic study of the political economy of the Vega Baja region of Spain, one of the European Union's “Regional Economies,” takes up the question of how to understand the ... More


Of Poverty and Plastic: Scavenging and Scrap Trading Entrepreneurs in India's Urban Informal Economy

Kaveri Gill

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198060864
eISBN:
9780199080175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198060864.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book uses eclectic, triangulated methods to explore the socio-economics of waste and of the commodity chains involved in recycling. Known as ‘unorganised’ in India, this part of the informal ... More


Working on, off, and around the Books

David J. Karjanen

in The Servant Class City: Urban Revitalization Versus the Working Poor in San Diego

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780816694624
eISBN:
9781452955377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816694624.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

The fifth chapter looks at informal, or “off-the-books,” employment and how integral it is in low-income communities, particularly for those who cannot afford vital services or do not earn enough ... More


Securing Livelihoods: Informal Economy Practices and Institutions

Isabelle Hillenkamp, Frédéric Lapeyre, and Andreia Lemaître (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199687015
eISBN:
9780191766916
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687015.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The high level of vulnerabilities, multiple kinds of processes contributing to insecurity, and the constant reinvention of systems of protection and solidarity within the informal economy shape the ... More


Solidarity and Protection in Bolivian Popular Economy

Isabelle Hillenkamp

in Securing Livelihoods: Informal Economy Practices and Institutions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199687015
eISBN:
9780191766916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687015.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses the protective mechanisms rooted in practices of production, exchange, and financing in the informal economy of the city of El Alto, Bolivia. It discusses the convergence ... More


Informal opportunities and social divisions

David M. Smith

in On the margins of inclusion: Changing labour markets and social exclusion in London

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346018
eISBN:
9781447302872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346018.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter investigates the magnitude of paid informal work and estimates of its scale, which have remained relatively constant since the early 1980s, ranging from 6 percent to 8 percent of GDP, ... More


“The Sources of Courtesanship”: African American Women's Wage Work, the Informal Economy, and the Search for Independence

in I've Got to Make My Livin': Black Women's Sex Work in Turn-of-the-Century Chicago

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226055985
eISBN:
9780226056005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226056005.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the paths of African American women to the sex industry in Chicago. It explains that these women were restricted to low-paying domestic employment and they frequently looked for ... More


From Pigs and Pollution to Plastics and Progress: Recasting Low Caste Status through an Informal Market

Kaveri Gill

in Of Poverty and Plastic: Scavenging and Scrap Trading Entrepreneurs in India's Urban Informal Economy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198060864
eISBN:
9780199080175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198060864.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the social underpinnings of the scrap market, focusing on the dynamic relationship between low co-caste status, poverty, and engagement in the informal sector in contemporary ... More


Introduction: Unto the Last?

K.P. Kannan and Jan Breman

in The Long Road to Social Security: Assessing the Implementation of National Social Security Initiatives for the Working Poor in India

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198090311
eISBN:
9780199082490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198090311.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

India has a large informal economy comprised of the self-employed and hired labour with no employment and/or social security. In 2004, the government appointed a National Commission for Enterprises ... More


Innovation in the Informal Economy of Mofussil India

Barbara Harriss-White

in India as a Pioneer of Innovation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780199476084
eISBN:
9780199090839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199476084.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter explores innovation in the informal economy of small-town ‘mofussil’ India. Two-thirds of the urban population lives outside metropolitan cities in towns noted for their infrastructural ... More


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