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The Grammar of Words: An Introduction to Linguistic Morphology

Geert Booij

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199226245
eISBN:
9780191710360
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226245.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book introduces the reader to the basic methods for the study of the internal structure of words, and to the theoretical issues raised by analyses of word structure concerning the organization ... More


Structuring Sense Volume I: In Name Only

Hagit Borer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263905
eISBN:
9780191718182
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263905.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book explores the difference between words however defined and structures however constructed. It sets out to demonstrate over three volumes — of which this is the first — that the explanation ... More


Auxiliaries and Auxiliary Verb Constructions

Gregory D. S. Anderson

in Auxiliary Verb Constructions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199280315
eISBN:
9780191707186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280315.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter offers an overview of the terms auxiliary verb, auxiliary verb construction, inflection, and head[edness]. It discusses the typology of inflectional properties, and semantic and ... More


Complex Verb Forms from Fused Auxiliary Verb Constructions

Gregory D. S. Anderson

in Auxiliary Verb Constructions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199280315
eISBN:
9780191707186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280315.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter examines and exemplifies various kinds of fusing of original bi-partite auxiliary verb constructions into complex verb forms. It addresses the historical (phonological) developments of ... More


Inflection

Geert Booij

in The Grammar of Words: An Introduction to Linguistic Morphology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199226245
eISBN:
9780191710360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226245.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Inflection is the expression of morphosyntactic properties on words. Examples are case and number marking on nouns, and number and person marking on verbs. These properties play a role in computing ... More


Introduction

Marina Chumakina

in Periphrasis: The Role of Syntax and Morphology in Paradigms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265253
eISBN:
9780191760419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265253.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This introductory chapter defines periphrasis and briefly discusses previous studies of the phenomenon (types of periphrasis and defining criteria previously suggested). It outlines the typological ... More


The Search for Regularity in Irregularity: Defectiveness and its Implications for our Knowledge of Words

Marianne Mithun

in Defective Paradigms: Missing Forms and What They Tell Us

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264607
eISBN:
9780191734366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264607.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The longstanding issue in morphological theory has been the status of inflected forms in the memory. In general, the irregular forms of words are assumed to be learned, stored, and retrieved for use. ... More


Aux-headed Constructions

Gregory D. S. Anderson

in Auxiliary Verb Constructions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199280315
eISBN:
9780191707186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280315.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter presents what is dubbed the ‘AUX-headed’ pattern of inflection. This is the one that is statistically the most common and characteristic of the better-known languages of the world (as ... More


lex-headed Auxiliary Verb Constructions

Gregory D. S. Anderson

in Auxiliary Verb Constructions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199280315
eISBN:
9780191707186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280315.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter addresses the LEX-headed inflectional pattern. In this construction, the lexical verb bears all the obligatory inflectional categories, and the auxiliary verb may appear in an ... More


Split and Split/Doubled Inflectional Patterns

Gregory D. S. Anderson

in Auxiliary Verb Constructions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199280315
eISBN:
9780191707186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280315.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

Not all languages show obligatory verbal inflection on only the auxiliary verb, only the lexical verb, or simultaneously on both, as in the AUX-headed, LEX-headed, and Doubled (or co-headed) ... More


Nominal Structure

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Personal pronouns and proper names are inherently grounded. The structure of other nominals tends to reflect semantic function, with the head noun as core, grounding as the outermost layer, and ... More


The category of the to-infinitive

Bettelou Los

in The Rise of the To-Infinitive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274765
eISBN:
9780191705885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274765.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter argues that the to-infinitive cannot be analysed as a prepositional phrase in Old English. Its distribution is no longer that of a to-PP, its dative inflection has fossilized and does ... More


Introduction: Navajo as Default

John McWhorter

in Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of complexity arguments regarding second-language acquisition. It argues that this neglect of the role of reduction in language contact beyond ... More


Defining Grammatical Complexity

John McWhorter

in Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter presents a definition of grammatical complexity, based on three ideas. First, languages differ in the degree to which they overtly and obligatorily mark semantic distinctions; this ... More


Exo-Skeletal Explanations—A Recap

Hagit Borer

in Structuring Sense Volume 2: The Normal Course of Events

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263929
eISBN:
9780191718168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263929.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter begins with a review of the conclusions drawn in Volume I of this three-volume series. It contrasts the endo-skeletal approach with the approach referred to as exo-skeletal or ... More


Morphosyntactic parameters and the internal classification of Benue‐Kwa (Niger‐Congo) *

Victor Manfredi

in Historical Syntax and Linguistic Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199560547
eISBN:
9780191721267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560547.003.0019
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

Niger‐Congo's Kwa and Benue‐Congo zones, jointly covering most of tropical Africa, run between isolating and agglutinative types. Historical phonology finds few innovations above the local cluster, ... More


Nuts and Bolts

Hagit Borer

in Structuring Sense Volume I: In Name Only

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263905
eISBN:
9780191718182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263905.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the architecture of grammar. It shows that functional structures are headed by categorically labelled open values which must be assigned range by the ... More


Some Stuff: On the Mass–Count Distinction

Hagit Borer

in Structuring Sense Volume I: In Name Only

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263905
eISBN:
9780191718182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263905.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter turns to the motivation for one more functional open value within the nominal domain: Classifier Phrase (CLmax), headed by the open value DIV (div. meaning ‘division’). It is argued that ... More


Op. 50 (1787)

Floyd Grave and Margaret Grave

in The String Quartets of Joseph Haydn

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195173574
eISBN:
9780199872152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173574.003.0013
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Dedicated to Friedrich Wilhelm II and known as the “Prussian” quartets, these difficult works were clearly designed for connoisseurs. Their sale and early publication history involved complex, ... More


The Marking Patterns of Natural Coordination

Bernhard Wälchli

in Co-Compounds and Natural Coordination

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276219
eISBN:
9780191706042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276219.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter describes how natural coordination is expressed in co-compounds and phrase-like tight coordination. Different types of markedness are discussed, including formal, distinctive, ... More


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