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Space, Time, Matter, and Form: Essays on Aristotle's Physics

David Bostock

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286867
eISBN:
9780191603532
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286868.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The book features a collection of ten essays on themes from Aristotle’s Physics. Six of these have been previously published, and four are newly written for this volume. The first five essays are ... More


Beyond existence

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Gravity is responsible not only for the existence of stars and planets; it also creates the weirdest objects imaginable. A body with mass greater than 1.4 solar masses cannot remain a white dwarf and ... More


A Method of Modal Proof In Aristotle

Jacob Rosen and Marko Malink

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume 42

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199644384
eISBN:
9780191743344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644384.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In Prior Analytics 1. 15, Aristotle states the following rule of modal logic, which we may call the possibility rule: given the premiss that A is possible, and given a derivation of B from A, it can ... More


 Eternity: Infinite Creator and Finite World

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter surveys the Greek background in Plato’s Timaeus, Aristotle’s Physics and De Caelo, and the dispute between late Greek thinkers, especially Proclus and Philoponus. Against this ... More


Aristotle, Zeno, and the Potential Infinite

David Bostock

in Space, Time, Matter, and Form: Essays on Aristotle's Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286867
eISBN:
9780191603532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286868.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This essay argues that Aristotle misdescribes his own position when he sums it up as the claim that infinity can only be potential and never actual. He readily accepts that there are processes which ... More


Mathematics Developed: The Case of the Reals

José Ferreirós

in Mathematical Knowledge and the Interplay of Practices

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167510
eISBN:
9781400874002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167510.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter considers two crucial shifts in mathematical knowledge: the natural numbers ℕ and the real number system ℝ. ℝ has proved to serve together with the natural numbers ℕ as one of the two ... More


Names and the Temporal Life of Ownership

Andrew Moutu

in Names are Thicker than Blood: Kinship and Ownership amongst the Iatmul

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197264454
eISBN:
9780191760501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264454.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines some aspects of totemic names and the connection to kinship and marriage practices. It attempts to conceptualise relationships in ontological terms by identifying and employing ... More


The Tractatus

Michael Potter

in Reason's Nearest Kin: Philosophies of Arithmetic from Kant to Carnap

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199252619
eISBN:
9780191712647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252619.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Ludwig Wittgenstein studied with Russell in Cambridge from 1911 to 1913, and wrote the Tractatus while on active service in the Austrian army during the First World War. Large parts of the book are ... More


Ramsey

Michael Potter

in Reason's Nearest Kin: Philosophies of Arithmetic from Kant to Carnap

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199252619
eISBN:
9780191712647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252619.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Frank Ramsey was involved in preparing the English translation of the Tractatus as an undergraduate at Cambridge. He developed an account of the theory of types which avoided the difficulties ... More


Metaphysics II: Cosmology

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

After a quick survey of the positions prior to Avicenna concerning the age of the universe, the chapter focuses on Avicenna’s unique arguments for the eternity of the world. To this end, it presents ... More


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