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Epistemology: New Essays

Quentin Smith (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book offers a view of the current state of play in epistemology in the form of twelve chapters by some of the philosophers who have most influenced the course of debates in recent years. Topics ... More


Skepticism

Peter Klein

in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In ”Skepticism,” Peter Klein distinguishes between the “Academic Skeptic” who proposes that we cannot have knowledge of a certain set of propositions and the “Pyrrhonian Skeptic” who refrains from ... More


Ad Infinitum: New Essays on Epistemological Infinitism

John Turri and Peter D. Klein (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199609598
eISBN:
9780191779374
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609598.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Infinitism is an ancient view in epistemology about the structure of knowledge and epistemic justification. Infinitism has never been popular, and is often associated with skepticism, but after ... More


Reality and its Structure: Essays in Fundamentality

Ricki Bliss and Graham Priest (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198755630
eISBN:
9780191816772
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755630.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This volume brings together fourteen essays from leading and emerging scholars that address issues relating to the view that has come to be known as metaphysical foundationalism, and explore ... More


Conclusions

Alexander R. Pruss

in Infinity, Causation, and Paradox

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198810339
eISBN:
9780191847325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810339.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The upshot of the preceding nine chapters is briefly summarized and discussed, offering a view of causal finitism as a via media between finitism and infinitism.


Knowing Better, Cognitive Command, and Epistemic Infinitism

Scott F. Aikin

in Ad Infinitum: New Essays on Epistemological Infinitism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199609598
eISBN:
9780191779374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609598.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the various conditions that jointly constitute the relation of one subject knowing something better than another amount to a case for a non-skeptical form of epistemic ... More


Klein and the Regress Argument

Michael Bergmann

in Ad Infinitum: New Essays on Epistemological Infinitism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199609598
eISBN:
9780191779374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609598.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

For years, Peter Klein has taken Aristotle’s regress argument for foundationalism as a point of departure for developing a view the chapter calls “infinitism”. This chapter offers a critique of ... More


Reasons, Reasoning, and Knowledge: A Proposed Rapprochement between Infinitism and Foundationalism1

Peter D. Klein

in Ad Infinitum: New Essays on Epistemological Infinitism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199609598
eISBN:
9780191779374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609598.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There is a rapprochement available between infinitism and foundationalism. An infinitist will hold: (a) that any belief is more fully doxastically justified when it is reason-enhanced and (b) that ... More


Infinitist Justification and Proper Basing

Jonathan L. Kvanvig

in Ad Infinitum: New Essays on Epistemological Infinitism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199609598
eISBN:
9780191779374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609598.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In order to compete well against foundationalism and coherentism, the more popular non-skeptical responses to the regress problem, infinitists need two things. They need accounts of both ... More


Klein’s Case for Infinitism

Ram Neta

in Ad Infinitum: New Essays on Epistemological Infinitism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199609598
eISBN:
9780191779374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609598.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Infinitism is both a theory of epistemic justification and a solution to the regress problem. To specify the content of infinitism more precisely than this requires some stage-setting. Section I if ... More


Can an Infinite Regress Justify Everything?

Jeanne Peijnenburg and David Atkinson

in Ad Infinitum: New Essays on Epistemological Infinitism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199609598
eISBN:
9780191779374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609598.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It has been argued that an infinite regress of entailments cannot justify a proposition, q. For if it could, then it can be shown that any proposition can be justified in that manner, incuding ¬q. ... More


Can Perception Halt the Regress of Justifications?

Michael Rescorla

in Ad Infinitum: New Essays on Epistemological Infinitism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199609598
eISBN:
9780191779374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609598.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter compares two approaches to perceptual justification: infinitism and dogmatism. It argues that dogmatism is superior and that infinitism mistakenly hyperintellectualizes justfication. The ... More


Infinitism

Ernest Sosa

in Ad Infinitum: New Essays on Epistemological Infinitism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199609598
eISBN:
9780191779374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609598.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

After raising some problems for a specific form of infinitism, the chapter identifies a form of infinitism that seems quite defensible. It then argues that this sort of infinitism is compatible with ... More


Creative Reasoning

John Turri

in Ad Infinitum: New Essays on Epistemological Infinitism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199609598
eISBN:
9780191779374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609598.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends the unpopular view that inference can create justification. The chapter calls this view inferential creationism. Inferential creationism has been favored by infinitists, who ... More


Mainstream Epistemology

Bredo Johnsen

in Righting Epistemology: Hume's Revolution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190662776
eISBN:
9780190662806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190662776.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Here the author discusses the relationship between Hume and foundationalism, coherentism, and infinitism, the three responses to Agrippa’s trilemma. What those theories share is the traditional, ... More


The Geography of Fundamentality: An Overview

Ricki Bliss and Graham Priest

in Reality and its Structure: Essays in Fundamentality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198755630
eISBN:
9780191816772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755630.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The dominant view amongst contemporary analytic metaphysicians working on notions of metaphysical dependence and the overarching structure of reality is one according to which that reality is ... More


Fundamentality and Ontological Minimality

Tuomas E. Tahko

in Reality and its Structure: Essays in Fundamentality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198755630
eISBN:
9780191816772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755630.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, a generic definition of fundamentality as an ontological minimality thesis is sought and its applicability examined. Many discussions of fundamentality are focused on a mereological ... More


The Structure of Physical Reality: Beyond Foundationalism

Matteo Morganti

in Reality and its Structure: Essays in Fundamentality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198755630
eISBN:
9780191816772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755630.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This paper explores alternatives to metaphysical foundationalism, the view that grounding relations determine vertical chains that terminate in something fundamental and ungrounded. Rather than ... More


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