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Contextuality in Practical Reason

A. W. Price

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534791
eISBN:
9780191715877
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534791.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book explores the varying ways in which context is relevant to our interpretation and assessment of practical inferences (especially from one intention to another), practical judgements ... More


Perception and Basic Beliefs: Zombies, Modules and the Problem of the External World

Jack C. Lyons

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195373578
eISBN:
9780199871988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373578.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book addresses two central questions in epistemology: (1) which beliefs are epistemologically basic (i.e., noninferentially justified)? and (2) where does perception end and inferential ... More


Simulation-based Econometric Methods

Christian Gouriéroux and Alain Monfort

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198774754
eISBN:
9780191596339
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198774753.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book deals with a new generation of econometric methods leading to criterion functions without simple analytical expression. The difficulty often comes from the presence of integrals of large ... More


 Chasing Duhem: The Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Nearly a century ago, French physicist Pierre Duhem offered a characteristically lucid and provocative articulation of the challenge to the power of scientific methods to uncover theoretical truths ... More


New Essays on Tarski and Philosophy

Douglas Patterson (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199296309
eISBN:
9780191712272
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296309.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book shows the way to a proper understanding of the philosophical legacy of the great logician, mathematician, and philosopher Alfred Tarski (1902–983). The contributors are an international ... More


An Introduction to Model-Based Survey Sampling with Applications

Ray Chambers and Robert Clark

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780198566625
eISBN:
9780191738449
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566625.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This book is an introduction to the model-based approach to survey sampling. It consists of three parts, with Part I focusing on estimation of population totals. Chapters 1 and 2 introduce survey ... More


Quantifiers in Language and Logic

Stanley Peters and Dag Westerståhl

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199291267
eISBN:
9780191700590
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291267.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Quantification is a topic which brings together linguistics, logic, and philosophy. Quantifiers are the essential tools with which, in language or logic, we refer to quantity of things or amount of ... More


Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism

D.C. Stove

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245018
eISBN:
9780191680823
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

This book aims to discuss probability and David Hume's inductive scepticism. For the sceptical view which he took of inductive inference, Hume only ever gave one argument. That argument is the sole ... More


The Difficulty about Inference upon Inference

L. Jonathan Cohen

in The Probable and The Provable

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244127
eISBN:
9780191680748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244127.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the difficulty about inference upon inference. Where a proof in a civil case involves several tiers of inference, the courts normally insist that each tier prior to the final ... More


Hume's Reason

David Owen

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252602
eISBN:
9780191598159
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252602.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Reason plays a central role in Hume's account of human understanding but just what that role is is a matter of continuing controversy. Many of the most famous problems that Hume discusses, and many ... More


Hume's Problem: Induction and the Justification of Belief

Colin Howson

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250371
eISBN:
9780191597749
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250371.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book is an extended discussion of Hume's famous sceptical argument that we have no reason to believe that the future will resemble the past. In the context of scientific methodology, this ... More


 Knowing and Naming in Theology and Science

Gloria L. Schaab

in Creative Suffering of the Triune God: An Evolutionary Theology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195329124
eISBN:
9780199785711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329124.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Chapter 3 addresses the question of how theology in dialogue with science authentically expresses insights concerning the ineffable mystery of God and suffering. Because neither science nor theology ... More


Reflections on Reflection in Robert Audi's Moral Intuitionism

Walter Sinnott‐Armstrong

in Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311952
eISBN:
9780199871070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311952.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that Audi's views on moral intuitions, specifically concerning whether they can be justified without being based on inference, raise a number of questions Audi has yet to address. ... More


Bayesian Statistics 9

José M. Bernardo, M. J. Bayarri, James O. Berger, A. P. Dawid, David Heckerman, Adrian F. M. Smith, and Mike West (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The Valencia International Meetings on Bayesian Statistics – established in 1979 and held every four years – have been the forum for a definitive overview of current concerns and activities in ... More


Introduction: Object and Plan of the Book

D. C. STOVE

in Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245018
eISBN:
9780191680823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the main results of the evaluation of David Hume's argument for inductive scepticism. The sceptical conclusion of Hume's argument is false. It rests on a certain identifiable ... More


Wittgenstein's Critique of Frege and Russell 2: The Propositions of Logic

Marie McGinn

in Elucidating the ‘Tractatus’: Wittgenstein's Early Philosophy of Logic and Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199244447
eISBN:
9780191714146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244447.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Wittgenstein’s objection to Frege and Russell’s conception of the relation between the laws of logic and actual inferences is, at bottom, a repetition of his fundamental objection to the universalist ... More


The Concept of Rights

Rex Martin

in A System of Rights

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Rights are socially established ways of acting or ways of being treated (or, alternatively, such ways as ought to be so established); more specifically, a right so understood is something that is (1) ... More


Theoretical statistics and asymptotics

Nancy Reid

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter sets out some ideas for incorporating into the teaching of theoretical statistics the advances made in the modern theory of parametric likelihood inference developed since the ... More


Biostatistics: the near future

Scott Zeger, Peter Diggle, and Kung-Yee Liang

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter reviews the biomedical and public health developments that will influence biostatistical research and practice in the near future, such as advances in molecular biology, and measuring ... More


Counterfactuals

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

in A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines the use of counterfactual analysis in making causal inferences in the qualitative and quantitative research paradigms. To assess a counterfactual claim about a particular case, ... More


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