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Infectious disease epidemiology

Marc Lipsitch

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239481
eISBN:
9780191716973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239481.003.016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Infectious disease epidemiology courses in practice concentrate almost exclusively on communicable diseases; those transmitted from person to person. Such courses are generally taught in one of two ... More


Characteristics of Infectious Disease That Raise Distinctive Challenges for Bioethics

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines the characteristics of infectious disease that raise special medical and social ethical issues, and explores ways of integrating both current bioethics and classical public ... More


From nonhuman primates to human health and evolution

Charles L. Nunn and Sonia Altizer

in Infectious Diseases in Primates: Behavior, Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565857
eISBN:
9780191728235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565857.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter considers how understanding infectious disease in nonhuman primates provides insights to human health. In particular, it examines the origins of human infectious diseases and their ... More


Are there general laws in parasite community ecology? The emergence of spatial parasitology and epidemiology

J.-F. Guégan, S. Morand, and R. Poulin

in Parasitism and Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter reviews recent advances made by parasite community biologists in dissecting the organization of parasite communities at different spatial scales. From a broader scale at which a big ... More


A Thought Experiment: Rapid-Test Screening For Infectious Disease In Airports And Places Of Public Contact 1

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explores a thought-experiment imagining universal surveillance for all known communicable infectious disease, using rapid tests involving polymerase chain reactions and other methods ... More


Metals in the Environment as Risk Factors for Infectious Diseases: Gaps and Opportunities

M. Leigh Ackland, Julia Bornhorst, George V. Dedoussis, Rodney R. Dietert, Jerome O. Nriagu, Jozef M. Pacyna, and John M. Pettifor

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

By reducing immune function, trace metal deficiencies may substantially contribute to the global burden of diarrhea, pneumonia, and malaria. Human activities may be contributing to trace metal ... More


In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

William R. Clark

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The immune system is the only thing standing between us and a world of microbial predators that could send us to an early and ugly death. It would be our only defense during the first hours of a ... More


Infectious disease: Infectious disease in the management and conservation of wild canids

Rosie Woodroffe, Sarah Cleaveland, Orin Courtenay, M. Karen Laurenson, and Marc Artois

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines the role of infectious disease in the conservation of wild canids. Canid diseases cause concern for two reasons. First, widespread species such as red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and ... More


Parasites and primate conservation

Charles L. Nunn and Sonia Altizer

in Infectious Diseases in Primates: Behavior, Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565857
eISBN:
9780191728235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565857.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter investigates the role of infectious diseases in primate conservation. It focuses on two issues central to the conservation of primates: anthropogenic effects on disease risk in wild ... More


Infectious Diseases in Primates: Behavior, Ecology and Evolution

Charles Nunn and Sonia Altizer

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565857
eISBN:
9780191728235
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565857.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Recent progress in the field of wildlife disease ecology demonstrates that infectious disease plays a crucial role in the lives of wild animals. Parasites and pathogens should be especially important ... More


The Patient as Victim and Vector View as Critical and Diagnostic Tool

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This concluding chapter explores the implications of the PVV view in two major areas. First, as a philosophic tool, the PVV view can be used to assess and enhance both theoretical and applied ... More


Infectious Disease in the Age of Globalization

Lance Saker, Kelley Lee, and Barbara Cannito

in Globalization and Health

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172997
eISBN:
9780199865659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172997.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores the links between globalization and infectious diseases in relation to changes in four major spheres—economic, environmental, political and demographic, and technological. It ... More


Public Health Surveillance for Infectious Diseases

Chris A. Van Beneden and Ruth Lynfield

in Principles & Practice of Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195372922
eISBN:
9780199866090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372922.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the application of specific principles to the practice of surveillance of infectious diseases. It describes how both well-established and novel aspects of infectious pathogens ... More


Old Wine in New Bottles:: Traditional Issues in Bioethics From The Victim/Vector Perspective

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter begins to put the PVV view to work in the analysis of both traditional and newer ethical issues in bioethics. Here, the chapter re-examines staple issues of bioethics such as ... More


Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Jerome O. Nriagu and Eric P. Skaar (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Many parts of the world endemic for the most common infectious diseases have the highest prevalence rates of trace metal deficiencies and increasing rates of trace metal pollution. The co-clustering ... More


Stochastic models for epidemics

Valerie Isham

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter provides an overview of stochastic models for epidemics, focusing on topics that have preoccupied researchers for the last 15 years, and identifying continuing challenges. After some ... More


Biodiversity and ecosystem function: perspectives on disease

Richard S. Ostfeld, Matthew Thomas, and Felicia Keesing

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The effects of variation in biodiversity on transmission and risk of infectious disease have been conspicuously absent from the biodiversity-ecosystem function (BEF) debates. This chapter addresses ... More


Comprehensive strategies to reduce the burden of chronic diseases: What are the best ways to reduce the burden of chronic disease?

David Stuckler, Karen Siegel, Kathleen O’Connor Duffany, Sandeep Kishore, Denise Stevens, and Sanjay Basu

in Sick Societies: Responding to the global challenge of chronic disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199574407
eISBN:
9780191731204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574407.003.0057
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter is organized into two parts. Part I shows how healthcare systems — set up in a period when infectious diseases were dominant — have locked in a focus on treating acute-care episodes. It ... More


Legal Considerations in Public Health Surveillance in the United States

Verla S. Neslund, Richard A. Goodman, James G. Hodge, and John P. Middaugh

in Principles & Practice of Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195372922
eISBN:
9780199866090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372922.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter provides an overview of the legal issues relating to public health surveillance. It discusses the general legal authorities for public health surveillance set forth in constitutional, ... More


Control of Infectious Diseases: A Twentieth-Century Public Health Achievement

Alexandra M. Levitt, D. Peter Drotman, and Stephen Ostroff

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.01
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The marked decline in infectious-disease-associated mortality that took place in the United States during the first half of the 20th century contributed to the sharp drop in infant and child ... More


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