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Introduction

Angela R. McLean, Robert M. May, John Pattison, and Robin A. Weiss

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This introductory chapter discusses the rationale behind this book on how to deal with emerging infections. It considers why such a study is necessary. It details how the topics were chosen and why ... More


Prescribing under Pressure: Parent-Physician Conversations and Antibiotics

Tanya Stivers

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311150
eISBN:
9780199870837
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311150.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Antibiotics will soon no longer be able to cure common illnesses such as strep throat, sinusitis, and middle ear infections as they have done previously. Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are increasing ... More


WARRING AGAINST HUMANS AND OTHER ANIMALS: Smallpox, Monkeypox, and Others

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses viral infections existing efforts to eradicate viruses. Topics covered include smallpox, Murray Valley encephalitis virus, rabbit poxvirus, and monkeypox.


Animal origins of SARS Coronavirus: possible links with the international trade in small carnivores

Diana J. Bell, Scott Roberton, and Paul R. Hunter

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the search for the wildlife reservoir of SARS-CoV. It starts by presenting the case for extending the search for the zoonotic reservoir in terms of both geographical area and ... More


Evolutionary Ecology of Grass-Endophyte Interactions

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Because systemic endophytes predominantly inhabit caespitose perennial grasses and seedling recruitment may be relatively scarce, understanding how infection alters the population dynamics and ... More


Immune Responses in the Nervous System

Nancy J. Rothwell (ed.)

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781872748795
eISBN:
9780191724381
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9781872748795.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This new edition covers recent advances in understanding immunological and inflammatory responses in the nervous system, research driven by the potential to use knowledge of the molecules and ... More


Immune and Inflammatory Responses in the Nervous System

Nancy Rothwell and Sarah Loddick (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198509806
eISBN:
9780191724596
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509806.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This new edition covers advances in understanding immunological and inflammatory responses in the nervous system, research driven by the potential to use knowledge of the molecules and mechanisms ... More


SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Angela McLean, Robert May, John Pattison, and Robin Weiss (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The sudden appearance and rapid spread of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003 alerted the world to the fact that emerging infections are a global problem. Living in affluent societies ... More


The “Right to Know” or “Know Your Rights”?: Human Rights and a People-Centered Approach to Health Policy

Joseph J. Amon

in When People Come First: Critical Studies in Global Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157382
eISBN:
9781400846801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157382.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Human rights abuses fuel vulnerability to HIV infection and act as barriers to universal access to prevention, treatment, and care. This has been recognized in numerous international declarations, ... More


Bacterial infections

Andrew Davies and Ilora Finlay

in Oral Care in Advanced Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192632432
eISBN:
9780191730375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632432.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses bacteria and the infections brought about by these organisms. Two of the most common infections caused by bacteria are dental caries and periodontal disease. Bacteria are also ... More


RAIDING THE WILD FOR DELICACIES: The SARS Virus

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses the SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) virus, which originated from Guangdong Province in China. Topics covered include symptoms, spread of the virus, and research on the ... More


EPILOGUE

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses several issues concerning viruses. These include the increasing threat to humans posed by viruses, the settlement of virus families in the population, and the spread of viruses ... More


Risk and Variation

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter examines the factors that affect the risk of exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and the risk of developing tuberculosis. Exposure to infection depends on a wide range of ... More


Interventions and Control

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter considers a variety of tuberculosis control measures that can change the rates of transition between states of health. Without a better understanding of who is most at risk of infection ... More


TB and HIV/AIDS

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter examines the dual epidemic of tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS. There have been some major successes in the control of both HIV/AIDS and TB. The discovery and widespread use of antiretroviral ... More


Elimination and Eradication

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter examines the prospects for elimination and eradication of tuberculosis. It considers how TB elimination could be achieved in principle, making use of the interventions and procedures ... More


AS NATURAL AS BREATHING: The Flu Virus

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses the flu virus. The virus that causes the annual epidemics of influenza travels through the air. Although flu is widely viewed as a human disease, its agent is by nature a virus ... More


RISKING DEATH WITH SEX: The AIDS Virus

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses HIV. Approximately 90% of people infected with HIV die from AIDS within 15 years if no drugs are provided. HIV is a unique virus in that, by itself, it does not cause the ... More


Palliative Care Consultations in Head and Neck Cancer

Sara Booth and Andrew Davies (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530749
eISBN:
9780191730467
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530749.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This is the fifth book in an international, multi-contributed series aimed at providing practical, clinical guidance on how to deal with difficult symptoms related to specific cancer sites. In it, ... More


Viral Life History Traits

Joshua S. Weitz

in Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses a number of key commonalities and differences among viral life history traits. Viruses have two key life history stages: inside and outside a host cell. Viral infections of ... More


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