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Efficiency and Inefficiency

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is the last of six chapters in Part II about demand and utility cost, a typical area for what is understood as choice theory, and discusses efficiency and inefficiency. Economic theory ... More


The Limits of Competition Law: Markets and Public Services

Tony Prosser

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199266692
eISBN:
9780191699153
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266692.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Competition Law, EU Law

To what extent should public services (for example public utilities such as telecommunications, energy, public transport, and postal services) be subject to ordinary competition law? This question ... More


Introduction: Democracy and the State in the New Southern Europe

P. Nikiforos Diamandouros, Richard Gunther, Dimitri A. Sotiropoulos, and Edward E. Malefakis

in Democracy and the State in the New Southern Europe

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199202812
eISBN:
9780191708008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202812.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Democratization

This chapter presents an overview of the central theme of the book—the overcoming of “Southern European exceptionalism” and approximation over the past four decades of state capacities and public ... More


Old Problems and New Challenges: The Enduring and Changing Functions of Southern European State Bureaucracies 1

Dimitri A. Sotiropoulos

in Democracy and the State in the New Southern Europe

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199202812
eISBN:
9780191708008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202812.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Democratization

Despite variations among Southern European state bureaucracies, there are certain common features of the Southern European bureaucratic model, such as political clientelism at the higher echelons of ... More


Problems

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter provides a set of questions drawn from material presented in previous chapters. Most are designed to emphasize important points, and to illustrate practical examples of applied welfare ... More


Revised Shadow Prices

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Governments rarely raise revenue with lump sum transfers. Instead, they use distorting taxes, and this must be reflected in cost-benefit studies. The conventional welfare analysis in previous ... More


The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

John Landers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

This book offers a new approach to the pre-industrial past in Europe and the Mediterranean basin from the Roman Republic to the fall of Napoleon. It takes as its starting point E. A. Wrigley’s ... More


Efficiency and Productivity

Harold O. Fried, C. A. Knox Lovell, and S. Schmidt Shelton

in The Measurement of Productive Efficiency and Productivity Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195183528
eISBN:
9780199870288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183528.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of variations in productive efficiency using airlines as an example. It then presents the main purpose of the book, which is to study inefficiency in ... More


Conclusion

A. S. Morrison

in Russian Rule in Samarkand 1868-1910: A Comparison with British India

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199547371
eISBN:
9780191720710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547371.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

Despite their military and technological superiority, the Russians were far from all-powerful in Turkestan, owing to lack of trained personnel, finance, and, perhaps most importantly, knowledge. ... More


Work in the War Office

KEITH JEFFERY

in Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson: A Political Soldier

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199239672
eISBN:
9780191719493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239672.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

Henry Wilson was clearly a rising star and returned from South Africa with a greatly enhanced reputation. Enjoying the patronage of Lord Roberts, he was stimulatingly ensconced in the War Office, ... More


Applications

Debraj Ray

in A Game-Theoretic Perspective on Coalition Formation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207954
eISBN:
9780191709104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207954.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter studies two applications of the theory developed so far. First, coalition formation in a Cournot oligopoly is examined. The second application studies coalition formation in a pollution ... More


Reversible Agreements With Externalities

Debraj Ray

in A Game-Theoretic Perspective on Coalition Formation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207954
eISBN:
9780191709104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207954.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter takes the second step in the study of reversible commitments by extending the framework given in Chapter 9 to cover situations with externalities across coalitions. Matters are quite ... More


Irreversible Commitments

Debraj Ray

in A Game-Theoretic Perspective on Coalition Formation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207954
eISBN:
9780191709104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207954.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter develops a theory of coalition formation under the blocking approach when all agreements are irreversible. The concept of equilibrium binding agreements is introduced: these are ... More


The Blocking Approach in Real Time

Debraj Ray

in A Game-Theoretic Perspective on Coalition Formation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207954
eISBN:
9780191709104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207954.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter studies reversible agreements under the blocking framework. It presumes that negotiations can open and reopen over an indefinite period of time. As before, a study of this phenomenon ... More


Shortage and Inflation: The Causes

János Kornai

in The Socialist System: The Political Economy of Communism

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287766
eISBN:
9780191596551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287763.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

An examination is made of the multiple causes of the two related phenomena of shortage and inflation in the classical socialist system, addressing these causes at both the micro and the macrolevel. ... More


Agricultural Institutions for Insurance and Stabilization

David M. Newbery

in The Economic Theory of Agrarian Institutions

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287629
eISBN:
9780191595912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287623.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Gives an overview of the institutional implications of the economic theory of risk and associated market failures.


Fragmented Credit Markets

Pranab Bardhan and Christopher Udry

in Development Microeconomics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198773719
eISBN:
9780191595929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198773714.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

One aspect of financial markets that is of great relevance to economic development is the study of credit mechanism design by lenders facing private information. This chapter first develops a model ... More


The Tragedy of the Commons

Jean‐Marie Baland and Jean‐Philippe Platteau

in Halting Degradation of Natural Resources: Is There a Role for Rural Communities?

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198290612
eISBN:
9780191601613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290616.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses the ‘tragedy of the commons’, which attributes the inefficiency in managing natural resources to the absence of well-defined property rights and the regime of open access that ... More


Existence

Martine Quinzii

in Increasing Returns and Efficiency

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195065534
eISBN:
9780199855063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195065534.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter considers the problem of the existence of a marginal cost pricing equilibrium. A recent study shows that a marginal cost pricing equilibrium exists under relatively weak assumptions. ... More


The Ghost of Local Government

Anthony King

in The British Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199576982
eISBN:
9780191702235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576982.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter presents a debate on whether local government was a good thing or a bad thing. Local government had few detractors but many admirers, most of whom saw it as reflecting a distinctively ... More


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