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Just Peace: A Cause Worth Fighting For 1

Sir Adam Roberts

in What is a Just Peace?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199275359
eISBN:
9780191603686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275351.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Along with identifying a number of pitfalls to be avoided in this project of conceptualizing a Just Peace, Roberts proposes using the term ‘justifiable force’ rather than Just War. This would move ... More


Collective Induction

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses collective induction, the cooperative search for descriptive, predictive, and explanatory generalizations, rules, and principles. As a psychological process induction begins ... More


Doing without Concepts

Edouard Machery

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306880
eISBN:
9780199867950
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306880.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Over recent years, the psychology of concepts has been rejuvenated by new work on prototypes, inventive ideas on causal cognition, the development of neo-empiricist theories of concepts, and the ... More


Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Jake Chandler and Victoria S. Harrison (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

At a time in which probability theory is exerting an unprecedented influence on epistemology and philosophy of science, promising to deliver an exact and unified foundation for the philosophy of ... More


The Divine Lawmaker: Lectures on Induction, Laws of Nature, and the Existence of God

John Foster

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199250592
eISBN:
9780191600913
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250596.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In our experience so far, the universe has worked in remarkably regular ways, and these regularities call for explanation. One way of accounting for them would be to suppose that things have been ... More


Induction: At an organizational level

Les Gemmell

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0029
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the importance of induction programmes. The induction programme at the organizational level is an essential constituent of the employment process of every doctor. The programme ... More


Group Problem Solving

Patrick R. Laughlin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Experimental research by social and cognitive psychologists has established that cooperative groups solve a wide range of problems better than individuals. Cooperative problem solving groups of ... More


DISCOVERING CAUSAL RELATIONSHIPSH

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

There are two main proposals for discovering causal relationships: a hypothetico-deductive and an inductive approach. Neither account is fully satisfactory. Various specific approaches are discussed, ... More


MODERN ERA: THE SUPERSTRUCTURE BUILDS UP

Shoutir Kishore Chatterjee

in Statistical Thought: A Perspective and History

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525318
eISBN:
9780191711657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525318.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

In the modern era, the methods of statistics were further abstracted from particular practical problems and the subject gained a distinct identity. In the first phase, Edgeworth and Karl Pearson ... More


Hume's Problem: Induction and the Justification of Belief

Colin Howson

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250371
eISBN:
9780191597749
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250371.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book is an extended discussion of Hume's famous sceptical argument that we have no reason to believe that the future will resemble the past. In the context of scientific methodology, this ... More


Introduction: Object and Plan of the Book

D. C. STOVE

in Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245018
eISBN:
9780191680823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the main results of the evaluation of David Hume's argument for inductive scepticism. The sceptical conclusion of Hume's argument is false. It rests on a certain identifiable ... More


Hume's Reason

David Owen

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252602
eISBN:
9780191598159
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252602.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Reason plays a central role in Hume's account of human understanding but just what that role is is a matter of continuing controversy. Many of the most famous problems that Hume discusses, and many ... More


 Realism, Pessimism, and Underdetermination

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with a discussion of scientific realism. It then looks at some reasons that have been given for doubting that the pessimistic induction and the underdetermination of theories by ... More


 History Revisited: Pyrrhic Victories for Scientific Realism

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the most influential recent efforts by scientific realists to blunt or block the pessimistic induction by engaging the details of the history of science itself, including the ... More


Warrant and Proper Function

Alvin Plantinga

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195078640
eISBN:
9780199872213
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195078640.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this book and in its companion volumes, Warrant: The Current Debate and Warranted Christian Belief, I examine the nature of epistemic warrant, that quantity enough of which distinguishes knowledge ... More


Extensive Form Rationalizability

Herbert Gintis

in The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160849
eISBN:
9781400851348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160849.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

The extensive form of a game is informationally richer than the normal form since players gather information that allows them to update their subjective priors as the game progresses. For this ... More


Induction

Jr. Henry E. Kyburg

in Science & Reason

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195062533
eISBN:
9780199853038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195062533.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Induction is the inference from a sample to a population, regardless of the possible existence of exceptions. Induction is used in the practice of science and engineering based on knowledge that can ... More


Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Beverley Glover

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Flowers are the beautiful and complex reproductive structures of the angiosperms, one of the most diverse and successful groups of living organisms. The underlying thesis of this book is that to ... More


Perception of Motion

Stephen Handel

in Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Multiple stimulus dimensions and multiple perceptual processes affect the perception of motion and the dominant one is a function of the overall context. In apparent motion configurations, the first ... More


Flower Induction in Arabidopsis thaliana

Beverley J. Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Research into flower development is conducted through a molecular genetic approach. Such an approach uses the backwards-seeming logic of searching for a plant with a mutation which prevents a process ... More


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