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Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis

Steven French and Décio Krause

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278244
eISBN:
9780191603952
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278245.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Drawing on philosophical accounts of identity and individuality, as well as the histories of both classical and quantum physics, this book explores two alternative metaphysical approaches to quantum ... More


Speaking of Jesus

Leo Treitler

in With Voice and Pen: Coming to Know Medieval Song and How it Was Made

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214761
eISBN:
9780191713897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214761.003.0015
Subject:
Music, History, Western

In view of its variability, the written transmission of the early trope tradition has been characterized as ‘local production for local use’. This chapter presents an attempt to interpret differences ... More


Gregory of Nyssa and the Concept of Divine Persons

Lucian Turcescu

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195174250
eISBN:
9780199835478
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174259.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The concept of personhood is central to a wide range of contemporary issues, ranging from reproductive rights to the death penalty and euthanasia. We may think that the concept of person is a modern ... More


Enjoyment: The Moral Significance of Styles of Life

John Kekes

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546923
eISBN:
9780191720109
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546923.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book examines the indispensable role enjoyment plays in a good life. The key to it is the development of a style of life that combines an attitude and a manner of living and acting that jointly ... More


Introduction

Steven French and Décio Krause

in Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278244
eISBN:
9780191603952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278245.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introductory chapter presents an outline of the metaphysics of identity and individuality, which emphasizes the conceptual distinction between individuality and distinguishability. The Principle ... More


Individuality in Classical Physics

Steven French and Décio Krause

in Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278244
eISBN:
9780191603952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278245.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents a summary of the history of classical statistical mechanics, emphasizing the underlying assumptions regarding particle individuality. It is argued that the relevant sense of ... More


Personhood in a Neurobiological Age

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter explores the neurobiological self. It argues that the emerging neuroscientific understandings of selfhood are unlikely to efface modern human beings' understanding of themselves as ... More


The Concept of an Object in Formal Ontology

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The formal ontological concept of an object is explicated and contrasted with that of a property. F. P. Ramsey’s objections to this distinction are challenged. The sense in which objects possess an ... More


Species Selection, Clade Selection, and Macroevolution

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines selection at the level of species and clades. The history of the species selection debate, including its conceptual link to the idea that species are individuals, is outlined. ... More


Levels of Selection and the Major Evolutionary Transitions

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter looks at the ‘major evolutionary transitions’, in particular the idea that multi-level selection theory is crucial for understanding them. These transitions occur when a number of ... More


Quantum Statistics and Non-Individuality

Steven French and Décio Krause

in Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278244
eISBN:
9780191603952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278245.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents the history of quantum statistics, from its beginnings in Planck’s work, through the development of Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics, to the more recent work on forms of ... More


Individuality and Non-Individuality in Quantum Mechanics

Steven French and Décio Krause

in Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278244
eISBN:
9780191603952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278245.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the concepts of indistinguishability, individuality, and non-individuality in the quantum context. It is argued that the above view of particles as non-individuals is not a ... More


The common element: general

J. M. Hinton

in Experiences: An Inquiry into Some Ambiguities

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198244035
eISBN:
9780191680717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244035.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the special, philosophical notion of an experience. It was referred to as involving a form of the following general idea: that a visual experience is ‘inner’ independently of ... More


Alienation and Communism

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Socialists have attacked market economies on the grounds that they create personal relationships that are alienating rather than communal. Taking Marx's theory of alienation as its main point of ... More


Socialism, Liberty, and Choice

Michael Freeden

in Ideologies and Political Theory: A Conceptual Approach

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294146
eISBN:
9780191599323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829414X.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The ideas of liberation and emancipation were integral to the Continentalist socialist tradition, while within the British socialist tradition, as well as in non‐Marxist Continental socialism, both ... More


Individual and Community

Jacqueline Mariña

in Transformation of the Self in the thought of Schleiermacher

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199206377
eISBN:
9780191709753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206377.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter outlines Schleiermacher's vision of how human nature is to be ensouled through reason. The focus is on Schleiermacher's positive conception and valuation of embodied, finite ... More


Ontic Structural Realism and the Philosophy of Physics

James Ladyman, Don Ross, David Spurrett, and John Collier

in Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines Ontic Structural Realism (OSR) and its relationship with the philosophy of physics. OSR is the view that the world has an objective modal structure that is ontologically ... More


Public Faces, Private Voices: Community and Individuality in South India

Mattison Mines

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520084780
eISBN:
9780520914599
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520084780.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Individuality is often viewed as an exclusively Western value. In non-Western societies, collective identities seem to eclipse those of individuals. These generalities, however, have overlooked the ... More


Introduction

Stefan Tilg

in Chariton of Aphrodisias and the Invention of the Greek Love Novel

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199576944
eISBN:
9780191722486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576944.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The introduction defines the Greek love novel, or ‘ideal’ novel, and considers its relation to other strains of Graeco‐Roman prose fiction. It reviews the history and the current relevance of ... More


Luria's Legacy in the 21st Century

Anne-Lise Christensen

in Luria's Legacy in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195176704
eISBN:
9780199864706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176704.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

In this context the first chapter concentrates on Luria's theories and his work in science, stressing individuality and variability. In his diagnostic methods two issues are emphasized: (1) the ... More


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