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Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics

Leif Lewin

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277255
eISBN:
9780191599774
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277253.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Is it self‐interest or public interest that dominates in public life? Rational‐choice theory, political philosophy, and electoral research were all used to answer this question. Analysing existing ... More


Rationality, Individual and Collective

Ronald de Sousa

in Why Think?: Evolution and the Rational Mind

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189858
eISBN:
9780199868377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189858.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the relation between individual and collective rationality. A sketch of some of the better-known models of emergent collective organization on the basis of purely individual ... More


Individual Rationality

Kaushik Basu

in Prelude to Political Economy: A Study of the Social and Political Foundations of Economics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296713
eISBN:
9780191595943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296711.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter analyses the concept of individual rationality. It covers internal consistency, procrastination and addiction, the Traveler’s Dilemma, the simplified E-Mail Game, the paradox of ... More


RATIONALITY AND SCIENCE

Paul. Thagard

in The Oxford Handbook of Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195145397
eISBN:
9780199752393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145399.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Thagard provides a review and assessment of central aspects of rationality in science, dealing first with the traditional question: What is the nature of the reasoning by which individual scientists ... More


The Treaty Participation Game

Scott Barrett

in Environment and Statecraft: The Strategy of Environmental Treaty-Making

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199286096
eISBN:
9780191602832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286094.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Building on the information developed in the previous six chapters, this chapter develops a theoretical model of international cooperation by means of the treaty instrument. The focus is on ... More


Collective Rationality’s Roots

Paul Weirich

in From Individual to Collective Intentionality: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199936502
eISBN:
9780199362530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936502.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that group actions are rational if the individual acts that constitute them are rational. It observes that individuals sometimes have conflicting goals and desires when they make ... More


Indispensability, the Discursive Dilemma, and Groups with Minds of Their Own

Abraham Sesshu Roth

in From Individual to Collective Intentionality: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199936502
eISBN:
9780199362530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936502.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter concerns the rationality of group agents. The chapter challenges List and Pettit’s argument in which group agents have to collectivize reason and apply criteria such as consistency at ... More


Safeguarding

Jules L. Coleman

in Risks and Wrongs

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253616
eISBN:
9780191719776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253616.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations, Philosophy of Law

This chapter shows that rational contractors seek to create mutually advantageous, enforcable agreements. Doing so requires that they satisfy three independent rationality conditions: joint, ... More


Introduction to Part I

Alan Kirman and Louis‐André Gérard‐Varet

in Economics Beyond the Millennium

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292111
eISBN:
9780191596537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292112.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Microeconomics

The author suggests that the problem of aggregation in economics has been treated in too extreme a way. Economists want to deal with all individuals as in the General Equilibrium approach, or to ... More


Regulating Markets

Mark Kelman

in The Heuristics Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755608
eISBN:
9780199895236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755608.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The chapter considers H&B and F&F attitudes towards market failure and information disclosure, highlighting first that policymakers influenced by the H&B school have worried about internal as well as ... More


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