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On a Class of Preference Fields

W. M. Gorman

C. Blackorby and A. F. Shorrocks (eds)

in Separability and Aggregation: The Collected Works of W. M. Gorman, Volume I

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285212
eISBN:
9780191596322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285213.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This short note, published in Metroeconomica 13 (1961), begins with the assumption that the preferences of the consumer exhibit linear Engel curves, which were shown in ’Community preference fields’ ... More


Wickedness and Vices

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter rejects the notion of absolute evil and argues that even Satanic wickedness cannot be understood as unqualified opposition to all goods. Badness of character is found in the way one ... More


Community Preference Fields

W. M. Gorman

C. Blackorby and A. F. Shorrocks (eds)

in Separability and Aggregation: The Collected Works of W. M. Gorman, Volume I

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285212
eISBN:
9780191596322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285213.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is Gorman's first published paper and was published in Econometrica 21 in 1953. A series of formal relationships between community indifference maps and utility possibility maps are stated and ... More


LANGUAGE CHANGE

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter discusses the situation in which an agent's language or domain may change. It is argued — against a principle of language invariance — that language contains implicit knowledge and so ... More


Opinionated Opinions and Democracy

Albert O. Hirschman

in The Essential Hirschman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159904
eISBN:
9781400848409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159904.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter examines a rather unconventional ingredient to the economist's conception of the quality of life—having opinions. It argues that having opinions is a condition that has been widely ... More


The Freedom of God

Katherin A. Rogers

in Anselm on Freedom

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231676
eISBN:
9780191716089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231676.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, General

Unlike created freedom, divine freedom does not require open options. God exists absolutely independently and so choose with complete aseity. God has neither morally significant freedom nor, contrary ... More


The Prerequisites of Servitude

Maurizio Viroli

in The Liberty of Servants: Berlusconi's Italy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151823
eISBN:
9781400840274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151823.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on servitude. Although Italian history has had moments and examples of moral greatness and a sincere love of liberty, for many centuries it has been a history of servitude, ... More


Conclusion

Jeremy Morris

in F D Maurice and the Crisis of Christian Authority

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199545315
eISBN:
9780191602825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545315.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology, History of Christianity

Frederick Denison Maurice preached for the last time in February 1872, at St Edward’s church in Cambridge, and died in April that year. Like so many of his eminent Anglican contemporaries, Maurice ... More


Probability

Athol Fitzgibbons

in Keynes's Vision: A New Political Economy

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283201
eISBN:
9780191596254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283202.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Introduces Keynes's philosophy of probability, including his critiques of David Hume and Laplace, and the reason for his emphasis on non‐quantitative probabilities.


Causation and Freedom

Tad M. schmaltz

in Descartes on Causation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195327946
eISBN:
9780199869961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327946.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on the special considerations for Descartes's theory of causation that arise from the various accounts of human freedom that he offered over the course of his philosophical ... More


Maximization of Bequests: The First Turnpike Theorem

Michio Morishima

in Theory of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281641
eISBN:
9780191596667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281641.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The conditions for the Golden Equilibrium have been established earlier in the book and this chapter turns to an examination of the economy for stability; it asks whether a Hicks–Malinvaud ... More


Consumer Choice and Demand

John P. Burkett

in Microeconomics: Optimization, Experiments, and Behavior

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189629
eISBN:
9780199850778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189629.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter discusses microeconomic theories of consumer choice and demand. It explains that a consumer's preferences can be represented by a utility function or by a preference map and that ... More


Saving Behavior

John P. Burkett

in Microeconomics: Optimization, Experiments, and Behavior

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189629
eISBN:
9780199850778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189629.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines the factors that influence the saving behavior of an individual. It suggests that the decision to save rather than to spend a portion of income is in effect a decision to ... More


Samuelson's “Dr. Jekyll and Mrs. Jekyll” Problem: A Difficulty in the Concept of the Consumer

Robert A. Pollak

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter describes a rich number of cases in which Samuelson distinguishes between the individual and the family as the consuming agent. The idea that the family demand function can be consistent ... More


 Between Indifference and Anguish

Lisa Tessman

in Burdened Virtues: Virtue Ethics for Liberatory Struggles

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780195179149
eISBN:
9780199835782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195179145.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter begins with a search for a praiseworthy trait in the realm of sensitivity and attention to others’ suffering, a trait that ought to lie somewhere between the poles of indifference and ... More


Leibniz Against Molinism: Freedom, Indifference, and the Nature of the Will

Sean Greenberg

in Leibniz: Nature and Freedom

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195143744
eISBN:
9780199835317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143744.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This essay analyses Leibniz’s rejection of the doctrine of freedom promulgated by 16th-century Jesuit Luis de Molina. It argues that Leibniz’s case against the Molinist rests on their diverging ... More


How not to Regain the Truth Connection: A Reply to Bovens and Hartmann

Erik J. Olsson

in Against Coherence: Truth, Probability, and Justification

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199279999
eISBN:
9780191602665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279993.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Competing ways of modelling Lewis-style witness scenarios are investigated. Luc Bovens and Stephan Hartmann’s proposal to use the principle of indifference to represent our initial ignorance as to ... More


INTRODUCTION: THE NOTION OF A TEMPORAL BIAS

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter introduces two temporal biases which will be discussed in part III of the book: the bias towards the near (future) and the bias towards the future. It also analyses the irrationality of ... More


Children Remembered: Responses to Untimely Death in the Past

Robert Woods

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781846310218
eISBN:
9781781380482
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846310218.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This book discusses the relationship between parents and children in the past, focusing on the ways in which adults responded to the untimely deaths of children, and whether and how they expressed ... More


Agency as True Necessity

Christopher Yeomans

in Freedom and Reflection: Hegel and the Logic of Agency

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794522
eISBN:
9780199919253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794522.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter applies the results of chapter 7 (i.e., the reconstruction of Hegel's theory of modality) to the problem of chapter 6 (i.e., the modal concern that agency requires alternate ... More


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