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Historical Background

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The historical development towards the current standard account of I as a ‘pure indexical’ (‘purism’) has two main features. First, the gradual acquisition of a logical apparatus which can ... More


Temporal Supervenience

Thomas Sattig

in The Language and Reality of Time

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199279524
eISBN:
9780191604041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279527.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter serves as an introduction to the themes of the book. The thesis of temporal supervenience is that all facts about ordinary time, all facts shaped by our ordinary temporal discourse, ... More


Knowledge Ascriptions and Context‐Sensitivity

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers a range of context-dependent constructions, and concludes that there are sufficiently significant disanalogies between all of them and the behavior of epistemic predicates such ... More


Tensed Thoughts

James Higginbotham

in Tense, Aspect, and Indexicality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239313
eISBN:
9780191716904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239313.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter considers the question of how tensed thoughts differ from tenseless ones, and cites certain parallels between tense in thought and tense in language, with consequences for semantic ... More


On Referring and Not Referring

Kent Bach

in Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331639
eISBN:
9780199867981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331639.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The notions of linguistic reference and speaker reference are commonly used very loosely. In many cases what passes for reference falls short of it, and in many other cases a speaker uses an ... More


Demonstratives, Pure Indexicals, and Essential Indexicals

Eros Corazza

in Reflecting the Mind: Indexicality and Quasi-Indexicality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270187
eISBN:
9780191601484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927018X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Concentrates on indexical reference and discusses the distinction between pure indexicals and essential indexicals. It is shown how indexical thoughts are perspectival. In focusing ‘now’ and ‘here’, ... More


Truth, Deflationism, and the T-schema

Gary Kemp

in Quine versus Davidson: Truth, Reference, and Meaning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199695621
eISBN:
9780191738524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695621.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some theorists postulate that a Davidsonian theory of meaning is relatively unsubstantive, as it can make do with deflationism as regards truth. This chapter largely aims to discredit this idea. The ... More


Sinning Against Frege (1979)

TYLER BURGE

in Truth, Thought, Reason: Essays on Frege

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278534
eISBN:
9780191706943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278534.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Frege's claims about indexicals, and to a lesser extent proper names, makes it clear that his notion of sense is different from what is now ordinarily understood as linguistic meaning; both communal ... More


Indexicality and Context-Shift

François Recanati

in Truth-Conditional Pragmatics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199226993
eISBN:
9780191710223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226993.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

This chapter argues that the notion of ‘context’ that has to be used in the study of indexicals is far from univocal. Several distinctions are made, including one between the context of the ... More


Fictional Singular Imaginings *

Manuel García‐Carpintero

in New Essays on Singular Thought

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

In a series of papers, Robin Jeshion has developed an ‘acquaintanceless' account of singular thoughts. Her account of singular thoughts is a psychological one, rejecting any epistemic constraint. ... More


What Is Divine Eternity?

Paul Helm

in Eternal God: A Study of God without Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590391
eISBN:
9780191595516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590391.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The coherence of the idea of divine timeless eternity is discussed. God may understand temporal indexicals without himself being in time. It is a mistake to think that God's timelessly eternal ... More


Indexicals and Spacelessness

Paul Helm

in Eternal God: A Study of God without Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590391
eISBN:
9780191595516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590391.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The claim that God does not know what time it is now, and hence is not omniscient, is considered. It is argued that if this is a sound argument then it is also sound with respect to the spatial ... More


Truth and Meaning

Donald Davidson

in Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246298
eISBN:
9780191715181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246297.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Develops the criterion of learnability proposed in Essay 1 into a constraint for a satisfactory theory of meaning: such a theory must show how, on the basis of a finite stock of semantic primitives, ... More


Directing Intentions

John Perry

in The Philosophy of David Kaplan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367881
eISBN:
9780199867585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367881.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Kaplan finds demonstratives puzzling. He offers only one theory of indexicals; once the right distinctions are made, the facts about the semantics of indexicals are “obvious and incontrovertible.” ... More


Reflecting the Mind: Indexicality and Quasi-Indexicality

Eros Corazza

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270187
eISBN:
9780191601484
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927018X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Indexicals (e.g.: ‘I’, ‘she’, ‘this’, ‘today’, ‘here’, etc.) designate something relative to the context in which they are used. This study shows how these expressions play a central role when ... More


Overt Context-Sensitivity: The Problems of Indexicality

Emma Borg

in Minimal Semantics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270255
eISBN:
9780191601477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270252.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Looks at a classic problem for formal theories of meaning, stemming from the existence of expressions whose meaning depends, in part, on the context in which they are produced (e.g. demonstratives, ... More


Covert Context-Sensitivity: The Problems of Underdetermination, Inappropriateness, and Indeterminacy

Emma Borg

in Minimal Semantics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270255
eISBN:
9780191601477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270252.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter looks at a currently very popular argument for dual pragmatic theories, turning on so-called ‘unarticulated constituents’ or ‘hidden indexicals’. These are elements that do not figure at ... More


Truth and Context Sensitivity

Ernie Lepore and Kirk Ludwig

in Donald Davidson: Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251346
eISBN:
9780191602634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251347.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Discusses the modifications that have to be made to a truth theory for a context insensitive language to adapt it to a context sensitive language, that is, a language that contains terms like ‘I’, ... More


Reference and Pronouns

Kent Bach

in Thought and Reference

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240778
eISBN:
9780191680267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240778.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

It may seem to be a semantic fact that descriptions and names are referring expressions, but their referring function can and should be explained in strictly pragmatic terms. In contrast, it is ... More


Introduction

Eros Corazza

in Reflecting the Mind: Indexicality and Quasi-Indexicality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270187
eISBN:
9780191601484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927018X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In discussing the semantic/pragmatic divide and how it applies to context-sensitive expression, a picture of situated thought and utterances is presented and defended. This is labelled situational ... More


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