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Traces and Determinants of Pseudodifferential Operators

Simon Scott

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198568360
eISBN:
9780191594748
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568360.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis

This text provides a broad account of the theory of traces and determinants on geometric algebras of differential and pseudodifferential operators over compact manifolds. Trace and determinant ... More


Mapping and measuring Rules of Origin around the world

Olivier Cadot, Antoni Estevadeordal, Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann, and Thierry Verdier

in The Origin of Goods: Rules of Origin in Regional Trade Agreements

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290482
eISBN:
9780191603471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290482.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter breaks new ground in dissecting preferential trading arrangements (PTAs) by focusing on rules of origin (ROO), a crucial yet poorly understood market access discipline included in ... More


The Grammar of Caste: Economic Discrimination in Contemporary India

Ashwani Deshpande

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198072034
eISBN:
9780199081028
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072034.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book examines the contemporary nature of caste disparities in India by using a framework that integrates discussions on caste from other social science disciplines with those from within ... More


The Measurement of Product Market Competition

Roger M. Barker

in Corporate Governance, Competition, and Political Parties: Explaining Corporate Governance Change in Europe

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199576814
eISBN:
9780191722509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576814.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Corporate Governance and Accountability

An evaluation is made of potential ways in which product market competition can be operationalized as part of a panel data econometric analysis. As with corporate governance, it is necessary to ... More


Diversity and Disenfranchisement Indices

Victor Ginsburgh and Shlomo Weber

in How Many Languages Do We Need?: The Economics of Linguistic Diversity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136899
eISBN:
9781400838905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136899.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter is concerned with the measurement of diversity. It distinguishes two main types of indices: fractionalization indices and disenfranchisement indices. Fractionalization indices capture ... More


The Construction of Index Numbers for Contract Settlement

Robert J. Shiller

in Macro Markets: Creating Institutions for Managing Society's Largest Economic Risks

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294184
eISBN:
9780191596926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294182.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

When creating indices intended for use in cash settlement of futures contracts (or perpetual claims or options, or swaps, or other over‐the‐counter forward contracts or retail insurance contracts), ... More


The Problem of Index Revisions

Robert J. Shiller

in Macro Markets: Creating Institutions for Managing Society's Largest Economic Risks

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294184
eISBN:
9780191596926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294182.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

Most published economic indices are revised after they are first published—information does not come in all at once, and timely publication dictates that the preliminary index numbers be later ... More


Country Comparisons

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter compares the living standards between countries. Per capita comparisons and the estimation of international poverty thresholds are discussed in light of purchasing power parity and ... More


Diversity and Disenfranchisement: Applications

Victor Ginsburgh and Shlomo Weber

in How Many Languages Do We Need?: The Economics of Linguistic Diversity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136899
eISBN:
9781400838905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136899.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter discusses applications of the fractionalization, polarization, and disenfranchisement indices introduced in Chapter 6. Fractionalization and polarization indices are used in more and ... More


The Measurement of Behavior: Indices and Standards

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A science of behavior requires measurement of its entities, which are characteristics of, and actions taken by, organisms. This chapter argues that such measurement is a social fiction, a creation ... More


Bargaining

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter surveys the relevant bargaining theory, namely the Nash bargaining solution, the utilitarian bargaining solution, and the egalitarian bargaining solution. The importance of how ... More


All Indices Are Not Created Equal

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Models are tested with data, but also data are tested by agreement with conceptual models. When competing indices exist to measure the same phenomena, one should use the ones that agree with ... More


Distributions Displayed

Henry Phelps Brown

in Egalitarianism and the Generation of Inequality

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198286486
eISBN:
9780191596773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198286481.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Discusses how best to display distributions of income and wealth so that comparisons can be made between different periods or countries. The various different kinds of distribution curve that have ... More


Real Estate and Other Markets

Robert J. Shiller

in Macro Markets: Creating Institutions for Managing Society's Largest Economic Risks

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294184
eISBN:
9780191596926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294182.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

There are other income factors, besides the aggregate national income and labour income factors discussed in Ch. 4, that contribute as much uncertainty to the incomes of individuals and organizations ... More


Index Numbers: Issues and Alternatives

Robert J. Shiller

in Macro Markets: Creating Institutions for Managing Society's Largest Economic Risks

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294184
eISBN:
9780191596926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294182.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

This chapter addresses the fact that creating index numbers for settlement of contracts requires some judgement, and that no single method is likely to be applicable to all circumstances—there are ... More


The Apocryphal New Testament: A Collection of Apocryphal Christian Literature in an English Translation

J. K. Elliott (ed.)

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198261827
eISBN:
9780191600562
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198261829.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

An English translation of the oldest and most important early Christian non‐canonical writings. It is based on the earlier collection edited in 1924 by Montague Rhodes James. The book is divided into ... More


Biodiversity and Food-Web Structure of a Galápagos Shallow Rocky-Reef Ecosystem

Rodrigo H. Bustamante, Thomas A. Okey, and Stuart Banks

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes ecology of the Galapagos rocky reef system and the important role of biogeographic position on biodiversity, the El Niño cycle, and the history of resource extraction on the ... More


The Human Body in Britain: Past and Future

Roderick Floud

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter explores evidence on the changing shape of the British human body, in particular its height and weight, in order to shed light on the past and possibly future standard of living of the ... More


Athanasius and the Council of Sardica

Alden A. Mosshammer

in The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543120
eISBN:
9780191720062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543120.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Early Christian Studies

A collection of the Paschal letters of Athanasius in a Syriac translation provides important evidence for the form of the Alexandrian 19‐year cycle in the time of Athanasius. Not all of the letters ... More


Wald's ‘New Formula’

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is the last of five chapters about the cost of living problem and price indices, a typical area for what is understood as choice theory. Together with the previous two chapters, it discusses ... More


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