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Agency and Deontic Logic

John F. Horty

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134612
eISBN:
9780199833269
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134613.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Develops deontic logic against the background of a rigorous theory of agency in branching, or indeterministic, time. It is often assumed that the notion of what an agent ought to do can be identified ... More


 Problems of Vagueness

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Unger's sorites-style argument against ordinary objects relies on the vagueness of the associated terms. While standard solutions to the problems of vagueness are often accused of being ad hoc, this ... More


Freedom and Indeterminism: Some Unsatisfactory Proposals

Timothy O'Connor

in Persons and Causes: The Metaphysics of Free Will

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195153743
eISBN:
9780199867080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515374X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The author considers versions of two types of indeterminist accounts of free will: simple indeterminism, on which an agent's control over his own action is entirely noncausal, and causal ... More


The Impact of the Natural Sciences on Theology: The Idea of Reminder

Tapio Luoma

in Incarnation and Physics: Natural Science in the Theology of Thomas F. Torrance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151893
eISBN:
9780199834419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151895.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Torrance holds that the scientists James Clerk Maxwell and Albert Einstein remind theology of its ontological basis in the Incarnation and the Trinity, a basis largely neglected in modern theology. ... More


On the Inevitability of Freedom from the Compatibilist Point of View

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to standard compatibilist accounts of freedom, human beings act freely just so long as they are, when they act, free from constraints of certain specified kinds. Such accounts of freedom ... More


The Impossibility of Ultimate Moral Responsibility

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If we are to be truly or ultimately morally responsible for what we do, we must be truly or ultimately responsible for how we are, at least in certain mental respects. This is because what we ... More


Consciousness, Free Will, and Determinism

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with some brief reflections on the definition of determinism, on the notion of the subject of experience, and on the relation between conscious experience and brain events. The ... More


Free Agents

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter tries to give an account of necessary and sufficient conditions of true freedom of action, of true or ultimate responsibility, even while acknowledging that such ultimate responsibility ... More


Science and Determinism

David Hodgson

in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In Chapter 7, I consider whether the general picture of the world suggested by the physical sciences is compatible with my position. I argue that the best contemporary physical theories support two ... More


Determinism’s Impact on Normative Judgments

Ishtiyaque Haji

in Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter argues for the following claims. First, if one is an incompatibilist who believes the alternatives that the truth of judgments of objective reasons presupposes are ones incompatible with ... More


Averroes' Physics: A Turning Point in Medieval Natural Philosophy

Ruth Glasner

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567737
eISBN:
9780191721472
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567737.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

For the first time Averroes' physics is studied on the basis of all available texts and versions of his three commentaries on Aristotle's Physics, including texts that are extant only in Hebrew ... More


The Turning Point of Physics VIII: The Breakdown of Determinism

Ruth Glasner

in Averroes' Physics: A Turning Point in Medieval Natural Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567737
eISBN:
9780191721472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567737.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Physics VIII starts with the succession argument: before any motion there must underline have been a previous motion or change. Averroes was intensively occupied by this ... More


RESPONSIBILITY AND DESERT

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0035
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter starts by analysing the concept of desert along lines suggested by Joel Feinberg. It then argues that this concept is applicable to us only if we have ultimate responsibility, i.e., ... More


Causality and Human Nature in the Social Sciences

John Dupré

in Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199691982
eISBN:
9780191738111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691982.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reviews the concept of human nature in the light of recent biology, and considers whether this is a concept that should be imported into the social sciences from biology, or whether its ... More


Causality and Explanation

Wesley C. Salmon

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Brings together 26 of Salmon's essays, including 7 that have never before been published and others that are difficult to find. Part I (Introductory Essays: Causality, Determinism, and Explanation) ... More


Indeterminism and Intelligibility

Helen Steward

in A Metaphysics for Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199552054
eISBN:
9780191738838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552054.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter confronts the ‘Challenge from Chance’, which has always been the main difficulty faced by libertarianism. The problem is that it is difficult to see how the mere truth of indeterminism ... More


The Significance of Free Will

Robert Kane

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126563
eISBN:
9780199868506
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126564.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The first of two goals of this book is to provide a critical survey of the major debates about free will and determinism of the past quarter century, a period during which there have been many new ... More


Libertarian Accounts of Free Will

Randolph Clarke

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159875
eISBN:
9780199835010
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515987X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Libertarian accounts of free will face objections that the indeterminism they require would leave behavior random, inexplicable, and beyond agents’ control. This book examines three main types of ... More


Time and Determinism

Arthur Prior

in Past, Present and Future

Published in print:
1967
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243113
eISBN:
9780191680632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243113.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter covers the following topics: arguments for the incompatibility of foreknowledge (and fore-truth) and indeterminism, formalization of these arguments, the classical answers to these ... More


Counterfactual Dependence and Time's Arrow

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume II

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195036466
eISBN:
9780199833399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195036468.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Upholds the asymmetry of counterfactual dependence, and proposes a semantic analysis of counterfactual conditionals that can account for it. It also considers the asymmetry of miracles and that of ... More


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