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Concluding Observations

Chris Argyris

in Flawed Advice and the Management Trap: How Managers Can Know When They're Getting Good Advice and When They're Not

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195132861
eISBN:
9780199848645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195132861.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter describes how readers can become more critical of the advice they read. The advice examined in the previous chapters contains four characteristics that limit both its validity and its ... More


Piaget's Sensorimotor Infant

Jean Matter Mandler

in Foundations of Mind: Origins of Conceptual Thought

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311839
eISBN:
9780199786770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311839.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explores Piaget's conception of the sensorimotor infant. It contends that Piaget made a risky assumption which plagued developmental psychology for many years thereafter: he mistook ... More


Special Agents: Children's Autonomy and Parental Authority

Robert Noggle

in The Moral and Political Status of Children

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242689
eISBN:
9780191598715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242682.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Cognitive incompetence cannot adequately explain the special character of children's moral status. It is, in fact, because children lack preference structures that are sufficiently stable over time ... More


Diffuse Trust or Diffuse Analysis? The Specificity of Political Distrust in Post-Communist Europe

William L. Miller, Tatyana Y. Koshechkina, and ÅSE B. GRØDELAND

in Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263136
eISBN:
9780191734922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Political theorists claim that political trust is located on the continuum that runs from blind faith to enforceable contract. Trust ‘as passion’ borders on blind faith, while trust ‘as calculation’ ... More


Introduction: Democracy and the State in the New Southern Europe

P. Nikiforos Diamandouros, Richard Gunther, Dimitri A. Sotiropoulos, and Edward E. Malefakis

in Democracy and the State in the New Southern Europe

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199202812
eISBN:
9780191708008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202812.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Democratization

This chapter presents an overview of the central theme of the book—the overcoming of “Southern European exceptionalism” and approximation over the past four decades of state capacities and public ... More


Evaluating the Worry

David S. Wendler

in The Ethics of Pediatric Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730087
eISBN:
9780199776689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730087.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter begins with Paul Ramsey's argument which offers the most prominent and persuasive argument against nonbeneficial pediatric research. Ramsey argues that nonbeneficial pediatric research is ... More


Democracy as the Rule of the Dumb Many?

Hélène Landemore

in Democratic Reason: Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155654
eISBN:
9781400845538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155654.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter illustrates the deeply entrenched prejudice of political philosophers, including some democratic theorists, against “the rule of the dumb many.” It offers a critical literature survey ... More


Introduction

Lord Denning

in The Due Process of Law

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780406176080
eISBN:
9780191705113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780406176080.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Many of the questions of the day are not decided in the courts of law or even in judicial tribunals. These issues are not ‘justiciable’. They are entrusted to commissions of inquiry, to inspectors, ... More


Reasoning Without Knowledge

Paul Woodruff

in First Democracy: The Challenge of an Ancient Idea

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195304541
eISBN:
9780199850747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304541.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

When Sophocles won his trial on questions about his mental incompetence, he recited a substantial portion of his play, which was a master piece, and convinced the court of his competence. This was ... More


Conclusion

in Families and Social Workers: The Work of Family Service Units 1940–1985

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853236566
eISBN:
9781846313127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853236566.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Family Service Units (FSU) played an important role in the advancement of professional social work with families after the Second World War and generated date on all major social work questions as it ... More


Our international guardians

Benjamin J. Cohen and Susan Strange

in Mad Money: with an introduction by Benjamin J. Cohen

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992668
eISBN:
9781526104076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992668.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The BIS has given up on the idea of enforcing standard rules for all. Banks are to be self-regulating. The IMF has been given more power but is not competent nor qualified to deal with tricky ... More


The Catalytic Court

Katharine G. Young

in Constituting Economic and Social Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199641932
eISBN:
9780191746086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641932.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter introduces the concept of a judicial “role conception”. A role conception assists the court in maintaining democratic legitimacy, adherence to opinions and execution of orders. The ... More


Some Observations about Immigration Journalism

Peter H. Schuck

in Writing Immigration: Scholars and Journalists in Dialogue

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267176
eISBN:
9780520950207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267176.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

The topic of immigration journalism is of the utmost interest and public importance but it is seldom, if ever, systematically examined. Bringing academics, policy analysts, and policymakers together ... More


Constructing Facts in Clinical Practice: Interpreting, Diagnosing, and Treating Memory Loss

Renée L. Beard

in Living with Alzheimer's: Managing Memory Loss, Identity, and Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781479800117
eISBN:
9781479855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479800117.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter delineates the information doctors consider relevant to making a diagnosis, how data are gathered and interpreted in clinical practice, what happens when clinicians disagree, how those ... More


Into the conduct of judges

Lord Denning

in The Due Process of Law

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780406176080
eISBN:
9780191705113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780406176080.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter deals with various cases in order to discuss the conduct of judges. If a judge made a mistake, then his mistake would give rise to a new trial and cause much expense to the parties. In ... More


Social work on trial

Ian Butler and Mark Drakeford

in Social work on trial: The Colwell Inquiry and the state of welfare

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428684
eISBN:
9781447303565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428684.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter examines how the practice of social work was judged during the Colwell Inquiry and focuses particularly on the tensions that existed between competing understandings of its nature and ... More


Merit In Crisis

Joseph F. Kett

in Merit: The History of a Founding Ideal from the American Revolution to the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451225
eISBN:
9780801467677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451225.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter describes the crisis that has enveloped the ideal of merit since the mid-1960s. It begins and ends with a paradox: Americans had spent two centuries devising ways to reconcile ... More


Fans of the World, Unite!: A (Capitalist) Manifesto for Sports Consumers

Stephen F. Ross and Stefan Szymanski

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756686
eISBN:
9780804769778
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756686.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This book is a clarion call to sports fans. It proposes a significant restructuring of sports leagues. The book sets out a rational program for a revolution that will serve the best interests of the ... More


Articulating Difference

E. Natalie Rothman

in Brokering Empire: Trans-Imperial Subjects between Venice and Istanbul

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449079
eISBN:
9780801463112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449079.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter follows the shifting Venetian tax legislation to show how fiscal policy coalesced with the interests of specific dragomans and brokers to articulate new ideas about linguistic ... More


Accident or on purpose? Neglect, incompetence, and unintentional killing

Alannah Tomkins

in Medical Misadventure in an Age of Professionalisation, 1780-1890

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526116079
eISBN:
9781526128447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526116079.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Practitioners have always been liable to accusations of incompetence or neglect, but the New Poor Law exacerbated the pressures on medical men at the same time that expectations for their performance ... More


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