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Protection to Inclusion

Neil Gilbert

in Transformation of the Welfare State: The Silent Surrender of Public Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195140743
eISBN:
9780199834921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140745.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Over the last decade of the twentieth century, policies for social protection of the unemployed in the advanced industrial world have been reformulated from the provision of income maintenance ... More


Redistribution toward Low Incomes in Richer Countries

Emmanuel Saez

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay presents a critical overview of the findings of economic research on the problem of redistribution toward low incomes in developed countries. The discussion is organized as follows. The ... More


Transformation of the Welfare State: The Silent Surrender of Public Responsibility

Neil Gilbert

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195140743
eISBN:
9780199834921
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140745.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book is the outgrowth of a large‐scale comparative project on the changing landscape of the welfare state initiated by the author in 1997. In it, it is argued that the changes in welfare policy ... More


The 1992 MacSharry Reform

Arlindo Cunha and Alan Swinbank

in An Inside View of the CAP Reform Process: Explaining the MacSharry, Agenda 2000, and Fischler Reforms

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199591572
eISBN:
9780191725579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591572.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

The 1992 CAP reform, proposed by the then Farm Commissioner Ray Mac Sharry, and adopted under a Portuguese Presidency, fundamentally changed the shape of the CAP, by partially switching from price ... More


Housing allowances and the restructuring of the Australian welfare state

Kath Hulse

in Housing allowances in comparative perspective

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347541
eISBN:
9781447302506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347541.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Housing allowances have become increasingly important in Australia since the early 1980s, both in terms of the number of households assisted and government expenditure. Two different types of housing ... More


Family Allowances and Poverty Among Lone Mother Families in the United States

Cecilia A. Conrad

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0027
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the relationship between income support policies and poverty among lone mother families in the United States relative to Canada and Western Europe. It simulates the effect on ... More


The Evolution of Family Policy in the United States after World War II

Barry L. Friedman and Martin Rein

in Cross Currents: Family Law and Policy in the US and England

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268208
eISBN:
9780191683442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268208.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Family Law

Families have changed substantially over the last half-century in the United States, and family policy has evolved in response. Many kinds of policies have emerged over the years that affect ... More


Facing the greatest risk of poverty: who?

Michael O’Brien

in Poverty, policy and the state: The changing face of social security

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347992
eISBN:
9781447303046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347992.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter focuses on how poverty, low living standards, and income support are distributed, and on the recipients of the various forms of public income support, including tax credits. It explores ... More


Disability, poverty and living standards: reviewing Australian evidence and policies1

Peter Saunders

in Cash and care: Policy challenges in the welfare state

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348562
eISBN:
9781447301615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348562.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter examines the circumstances of households that contain disabled members in the context of proposed reforms to the main income support programme for disabled people, the Disability Support ... More


Better off in work? Work, security and welfare for lone mothers

Jane Millar

in Cash and care: Policy challenges in the welfare state

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348562
eISBN:
9781447301615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348562.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter draws on in-depth interviews with 50 lone mothers who had recently started work, in order to explore whether or not they felt themselves to be better off in work, and what they meant by ... More


Cash and care: Policy challenges in the welfare state

Caroline Glendinning and Peter A. Kemp (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348562
eISBN:
9781447301615
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348562.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Recent social trends and policy developments have called into question the divide between the provision of income support and social care services. This book examines this in light of key trends. It ... More


Poverty and low living standards: effects and impacts

Michael O’Brien

in Poverty, policy and the state: The changing face of social security

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347992
eISBN:
9781447303046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347992.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

In the last two decades in New Zealand, a range of studies has focused on the living standards of those below the poverty line and the effects of poverty and managing daily life on state income ... More


National and National-led government: 1990–991

Michael O’Brien

in Poverty, policy and the state: The changing face of social security

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347992
eISBN:
9781447303046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347992.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

By the time of the 1999 election, there had, then, been a series of key political decisions taken about the shape and structure of the social-security system: the name changed to income support; ... More


Measuring deprivation

Peter Saunders

in Down and out: Poverty and exclusion in Australia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428394
eISBN:
9781447302155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428394.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter compares alternative approaches to the measurement of deprivation and examines how they differ and the merits of each. It explains that the estimates of the overall incidence and ... More


Case study B: Means-tested benefits for older people

Penny Leonard

in Promoting welfare?: Government information policy and social citizenship

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861344885
eISBN:
9781447303091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861344885.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter presents another case study that analyses the government policies to inform older people of their rights to means-tested benefits. It first describes briefly the social security benefits ... More


Making Ends Meet

Peter Hall

in London voices, London lives: Tales from a working capital

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349842
eISBN:
9781447302711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349842.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter discusses the struggles of Londoners as seen through the struggles of those interviewed in this study. Most of the participants of the study reported that they were struggling to make ... More


Introducing Universal Credit

Paul Spicker

in Social Policy Review 25: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2013

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447312741
eISBN:
9781447312857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447312741.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

In Chapter One, author Paul Spicker interrogates the government's introduction of Universal Credit, a controversial scheme designed to unify various means-tested benefits for people of working age. ... More


The employment effectiveness of minimum income schemes

Amilcar Moreira

in The activation dilemma: Reconciling the fairness and effectiveness of minimum income schemes in Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420466
eISBN:
9781447303695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420466.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter focuses on the employment effectiveness of minimum income schemes. Before discussing the analysis, the chapter first clarifies what is actually meant by employment effectiveness. ... More


Employment, Hours of Work and the Optimal Taxation of Low‐Income Families

Richard Blundell and Andrew Shephard

in Labor Supply and Taxation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198749806
eISBN:
9780191814082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749806.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter develops a structural approach to the optimal design of low-income support. It concerns the optimal choice of the tax rate schedule in a Mirrlees framework, which is extended to allow ... More


The 12 disadvantaged areas

Ruth Lupton

in Poverty Street: The dynamics of neighbourhood decline and renewal

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345356
eISBN:
9781447303039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345356.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter investigates how the 12 areas were selected, to represent poor areas more generally, and how the data was collected. These areas include West-City, East-Docks, Riverlands, The Valley, ... More


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