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Is Inequality a Threat to Democracy?

John Ferejohn

in The Unsustainable American State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780195392135
eISBN:
9780199852543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392135.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Many believe that the government bears an active role and responsibility on how wealth and income are generated and distributed. With the rapid increase in income inequality in a number of the ... More


Sources of Equality and Inequality: Wages, Jobs, Households, and Redistribution

Lane Kenworthy

in Jobs with Equality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199550593
eISBN:
9780191720727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter argues that in thinking about income inequality, our focus should be on the distribution of post-tax-post-transfer income among households, rather than the distribution of earnings among ... More


Jobs with Equality

Lane Kenworthy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199550593
eISBN:
9780191720727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Economic and social shifts have led to rising income inequality in the world's affluent countries. This is worrisome for reasons of fairness and because inequality has adverse effects on other ... More


ARE THE INEQUALITY AND MOBILITY TRENDS OF THE UNITED STATES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION'S FUTURE?

Richard V. Burkhauser and Kenneth A. Couch

in United in Diversity?: Comparing Social Models in Europe and America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195376630
eISBN:
9780199865499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376630.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter shows how economic growth over the last two business cycles has been distributed in the United States, and compares those changes with changes in two EU countries with quite different ... More


Does Educational Achievement Help Explain Income Inequality?

Daniele Checchi

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Discusses the fact that although income distribution and the distribution of educational attainments are obviously related, the sign of the relationship between educational achievements and income ... More


Landownership Inequality and the Income Distribution Consequences of Economic Growth

Michael Carter

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Addresses the question of whether agrarian structure (land ownership inequality) can explain increasing income inequality. The second section begins the chapter with a conventional income inequality ... More


Taxes

Lane Kenworthy

in Jobs with Equality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199550593
eISBN:
9780191720727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Tax rates and tax structures differ markedly across the rich countries, and play a key role in reducing inequality but may also reduce employment. This chapter addresses the following questions: do ... More


Economic Growth and Inequality

John Knight

in China's Remarkable Economic Growth

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698691
eISBN:
9780191739118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698691.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Financial Economics

Income inequality rose rapidly over the period of economic reform. This chapter examines the extent to which this rise was due to economic growth and the policies that generated growth. Section 10.2 ... More


Rural and Urban Income Inequality and Poverty: Does Convergence between Sectors Offset Divergence within Them?

Robert Eastwood and Michael Lipton

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Explores recent trends in developing and transitional economies in rural–urban, rural, and urban inequality of income and poverty risk, and the offsetting trends in inequality hypothesis (OTI), which ... More


Subjective Income Inequalities

Bernard Van Praag

in Happiness Quantified: A Satisfaction Calculus Approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226146
eISBN:
9780191718595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226146.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter presents a concept of subjective income inequality based on an extension of the objective income concept. Income satisfaction inequality differs from established measures of inequality ... More


Inequality, Growth, and Poverty: An Overview of Changes over the Last Two Decades

Giovanni Andrea Cornia

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Starts by setting the research presented in the book in historical context, and discusses its rationale and purpose. Describes the research methodology adopted and the objectives of the study, which ... More


Income Distribution Changes and Their Impact in the Post-Second World War Period

Giovanni Andrea Cornia, Tony Addison, and Sampsa Kiiski

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Analyses the trends in within‐country inequality during the post‐Second World War period, with particular attention to the last 20 years, on the basis of a review of the relevant literature and of an ... More


Regional Poverty and Income Inequality in Central and Eastern Europe: Evidence from the Luxembourg Income Study

Ravi Kanbur and Anthony J. Venables

in Spatial Inequality and Development

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199278633
eISBN:
9780191602191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278636.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The authors report levels of income inequality and poverty in four Central and Eastern European countries: the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Russia. Unlike many previous studies that examine ... More


Growth, Structural Change, and Inequality: The Experience of Thailand

Isra Sarntisart

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the last of five country case studies on income inequality, and looks at the case of Thailand. Following on from a number of other studies, the study attempts to re‐examine the relationships ... More


Income Inequality in the UK: Extent and Trends

John Hills

in Inequality and the State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276646
eISBN:
9780191601644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276641.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Describes the distribution of income and trends in it over time. Sets out what proportions of the population have incomes at different levels, and which groups are found towards its top and bottom. ... More


Welfare and Income Inequality

ANDREW GLYN

in Capitalism Unleashed: Finance, Globalization, and Welfare

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199226795
eISBN:
9780191710544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226795.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter reviews what has happened to welfare spending and inequality in the OECD countries since 1980. A central question is whether the heightened international competition involved in ... More


Inequality

Peter Lanjouw and Nicholas Stern

in Economic Development in Palanpur over Five Decades

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288329
eISBN:
9780191596599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288328.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Examines how the distribution of income and land has altered under the influence of demographic, technological, and occupational change. Inequality levels and trends are described. Inequality is ... More


The Public–Private Pension Mix and Old Age Income Inequality in Europe

Bernhard Ebbinghaus and Jörg Neugschwender

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This comparative chapter by Ebbinghaus and Neugschwender discusses the institutional differences in the public–private mix, distinguishing mature from emerging multipillar systems and hybrid from ... More


The Rural-Urban Income Divide: Microeconomics

John Knight and Lina Song

in The Rural-Urban Divide: Economic Disparities and Interactions in China

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198293309
eISBN:
9780191684975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293309.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter investigates and compares household incomes in rural and urban China, uses micro-analysis, and focuses on one point at a time. It states that the year chosen for the analyses was 1988 ... More


EGALITARIANISM VERSUS ECONOMIC DYNAMICS? AN EMPIRICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE FRIEDMAN CONJECTURE

Markus Gangl

in United in Diversity?: Comparing Social Models in Europe and America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195376630
eISBN:
9780199865499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376630.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter presents a cross-national comparison of income inequality and economic mobility in the United States and eleven (Western) European Union (EU) member states. Using panel data on income ... More


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