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Inclusive Fitness and Hamilton’s Rule

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines how the logic of inclusive fitness theory can be mathematically formalized using the Price equation, and how that formalization can be used to derive Hamilton's rule in its ... More


Heritability, Maximization, and Evolutionary Explanations

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines which of the equivalent alternative partitions of fitness, including inclusive fitness and group fitness, can be interpreted as being subject to natural selection in a ... More


Evidence, Other Approaches, and Further Topics

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book has examined the genesis, the logic, and the generality of social evolution theory. In particular, it has presented evolutionary explanations of the many social behaviors we observe in the ... More


What Is Fitness?

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers the problem of correctly defining fitness costs and benefits in inclusive fitness theory, when competition occurs between offspring who are relatives. It reviews the definition ... More


The Sociobiology of Human Cooperation

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines the sociobiology of human cooperation. Given the tendency of people to copy the successful and the fact that natural selection favors the more fit, the chapter asks how our ... More


The Group Selection Controversy

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the notorious issue of group selection in behavioural ecology, one of the mainstays of the traditional levels of selection debate. The history of the group selection controversy ... More


Conditional Behaviors and Inclusive Fitness

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines social behaviors that are expressed conditional on the phenotype of others. David Queller argued that inclusive fitness analyses need to be done on a per-behavior basis, citing ... More


Social Behavior and Evolutionary Thought

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book demonstrates the generality of inclusive fitness theory, with particular emphasis on its fundamental evolutionary logic. It presents the basic mathematical theory of natural selection and ... More


A Naturalistic Perspective

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter attempts to demonstrate the plausibility, from an evolutionary standpoint, of the action-theoretic model presented so far. It begins with an overview of contemporary debates over the ... More


Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

James A.R. Marshall

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Social behavior has long puzzled evolutionary biologists, since the classical theory of natural selection maintains that individuals should not sacrifice their own fitness to affect that of others. ... More


All in the Family: An Evolutionary Developmental Perspective

Amy Gardiner and David F. Bjorklund

in Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195320510
eISBN:
9780199786800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter looks briefly at evolutionary theory applied to human families, in particular inclusive fitness and parental investment theories, as well as some assumptions derived from evolutionary ... More


A primer in inclusive fitness theory

Andrew F. G. Bourke

in Principles of Social Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199231157
eISBN:
9780191774553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231157.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The basis of inclusive fitness theory is Hamilton's rule, which specifies the conditions for the spread of a gene for any of four types of social action, namely cooperation, altruism, selfishness, ... More


Kin Selection

James H. Hunt

in The Evolution of Social Wasps

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195307979
eISBN:
9780199894192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307979.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines inclusive fitness, which is the conceptual paradigm that has dominated the field for the past three decades. This paradigm is shown to be wanting as a framework to understand ... More


Two Conceptions of Social Fitness

Jonathan Birch

in The Philosophy of Social Evolution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198733058
eISBN:
9780191797491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198733058.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Hamilton introduced two conceptions of social fitness, which he termed neighbour-modulated fitness and inclusive fitness, and he argued that the two concepts are equivalent. This argument relies on ... More


Evolutionary Perspectives on Sibling Relationships

Richard L. Michalski and Harald A. Euler

in Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195320510
eISBN:
9780199786800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Sibling relationships are unique. They are the longest lasting human social relationship exceeding, on average, the length of relationships with parents, mates, and children. The powerful underlying ... More


Social Evolution, Hamilton’s Rule, and Inclusive Fitness

Samir Okasha

in Agents and Goals in Evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198815082
eISBN:
9780191852909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815082.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Mind

Inclusive fitness theory, originally due to W. D. Hamilton, is a popular approach to the study of social evolution, but shrouded in controversy. The theory contains two distinct aspects: Hamilton’s ... More


Associative Effects: Competition, Social Interactions, Group and Kin Selection

Bruce Walsh and Michael Lynch

in Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198830870
eISBN:
9780191868986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830870.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The phenotypes of those individuals with which an focal individual interacts often influences the trait value in the focal individual. Maternal effects is a classic example of this phenomena, as is ... More


The Evolution of Sociality

Michael J. Wade

in Adaptation in Metapopulations: How Interaction Changes Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226129563
eISBN:
9780226129877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226129877.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter contains a discussion of Maynard Smith’s conceptual distinction between kin and group selection. The author discusses the design and experimental study of kin selection for and against ... More


Altruism and Inclusive Fitness

Richard Mcelreath and Robert Boyd

in Mathematical Models of Social Evolution: A Guide for the Perplexed

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226558264
eISBN:
9780226558288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226558288.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Ground squirrels don't always dive for safety at the first sign of a predator, but instead sometimes they stand stiffly and give a shrill alarm call that alerts other squirrels to the predator. ... More


A Unified Mechanistic Account of Teleological Functions for Psychology and Neuroscience

Corey J. Maley and Gualtiero Piccinini

in Explanation and Integration in Mind and Brain Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199685509
eISBN:
9780191765667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199685509.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Functions play an important explanatory role in both psychology and neuroscience. Any effort to integrate psychology and neuroscience must provide an account of functions and how they explain in ... More


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