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The Group Selection Controversy

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the notorious issue of group selection in behavioural ecology, one of the mainstays of the traditional levels of selection debate. The history of the group selection controversy ... More


A primer in inclusive fitness theory

Andrew F. G. Bourke

in Principles of Social Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199231157
eISBN:
9780191774553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231157.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The basis of inclusive fitness theory is Hamilton's rule, which specifies the conditions for the spread of a gene for any of four types of social action, namely cooperation, altruism, selfishness, ... More


A Naturalistic Perspective

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter attempts to demonstrate the plausibility, from an evolutionary standpoint, of the action-theoretic model presented so far. It begins with an overview of contemporary debates over the ... More


All in the Family: An Evolutionary Developmental Perspective

Amy Gardiner and David F. Bjorklund

in Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195320510
eISBN:
9780199786800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter looks briefly at evolutionary theory applied to human families, in particular inclusive fitness and parental investment theories, as well as some assumptions derived from evolutionary ... More


Kin Selection

James H. Hunt

in The Evolution of Social Wasps

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195307979
eISBN:
9780199894192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307979.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines inclusive fitness, which is the conceptual paradigm that has dominated the field for the past three decades. This paradigm is shown to be wanting as a framework to understand ... More


Evolutionary Perspectives on Sibling Relationships

Richard L. Michalski and Harald A. Euler

in Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195320510
eISBN:
9780199786800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Sibling relationships are unique. They are the longest lasting human social relationship exceeding, on average, the length of relationships with parents, mates, and children. The powerful underlying ... More


The Evolution of Sociality

Michael J. Wade

in Adaptation in Metapopulations: How Interaction Changes Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226129563
eISBN:
9780226129877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226129877.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter contains a discussion of Maynard Smith’s conceptual distinction between kin and group selection. The author discusses the design and experimental study of kin selection for and against ... More


Altruism and Inclusive Fitness

Richard Mcelreath and Robert Boyd

in Mathematical Models of Social Evolution: A Guide for the Perplexed

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226558264
eISBN:
9780226558288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226558288.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Ground squirrels don't always dive for safety at the first sign of a predator, but instead sometimes they stand stiffly and give a shrill alarm call that alerts other squirrels to the predator. ... More


Principles of Social Evolution

Andrew F.G. Bourke

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199231157
eISBN:
9780191774553
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231157.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Living things are organized in a hierarchy of levels. Genes group together in cells, cells group together in organisms, and organisms group together in societies. Even different species form ... More


An expanded view of social evolution

Andrew F. G. Bourke

in Principles of Social Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199231157
eISBN:
9780191774553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231157.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

A series of major transitions in evolution has generated the biological hierarchy (e.g., genes in cells, cells in organisms, organisms in societies) observed today. Each transition requires that ... More


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