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Imprisoning Communities: How Mass Incarceration Makes Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Worse

Todd R Clear

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195305791
eISBN:
9780199943944
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305791.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

At no time in history, and certainly in no other democratic society, have prisons been filled so quickly and to such capacity than in the United States. And nowhere has this growth been more ... More


Juvenile Justice Issues (2): Community-based Treatments (CBTs) for Young Offenders

Francis Wing-lin Lee

in Nurturing Pillars of Society: Understanding and Working with the Young Generation in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028801
eISBN:
9789882207226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028801.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Imprisonment is the usual outcome when considering measures for correction and punishment for offenders. As this method is associated with a deterrence effect, it can promote the safety of the ... More


1948

Simon Morrison

in The People's Artist: Prokofiev's Soviet Years

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195181678
eISBN:
9780199870806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181678.003.0008
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Most of this chapter concerns the anti-formalist campaign of 1948, the corruption within Soviet musical circles that precipitated the campaign, and the official denunciation of Prokofiev, which ... More


Dealing with Concentrated Incarceration: The Case for Community Justice

Todd R. Clear

in Imprisoning Communities: How Mass Incarceration Makes Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Worse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195305791
eISBN:
9780199943944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305791.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter proposes a way of dealing with concentrated incarceration, focusing on community justice. Given the difficulty of achieving meaningful sentencing reform in the current policy ... More


Explaining Differences: Predicting Convergence?

Janet L. Abu-Lughod

in Race, Space, and Riots in Chicago, New York, and Los Angeles

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195328752
eISBN:
9780199944057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328752.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter draws the different themes together, comparing the relative success each city—Los Angeles, New York, and Chicago—has had in resolving the tensions that lead to riots. These differences ... More


Restorative Justice in Prisons

Barb Toews and M. Kay Harris

in Social Work and Restorative Justice: Skills for Dialogue, Peacemaking, and Reconciliation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195394641
eISBN:
9780199863365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394641.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter argues that the effects of incarceration and prisoners' reentry into the greater community intersects with social work through its concentration on criminal justice. Incarceration and ... More


Taxonomies

Colin Dayan

in The Law Is a White Dog: How Legal Rituals Make and Unmake Persons

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691070919
eISBN:
9781400838592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691070919.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter describes how Herman Melville recognized the existence of what he had once called not “ordinarily human”: the chattels that gave new meaning to persons, the human anomaly constituted by ... More


The Usual Suspects: Imprisonment, Demography, and the Economy

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0026
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter covers discussion during and after the 1990s of factors that had long been considered as potential crime prevention—incarceration, demography, and economic expansion. With respect to ... More


The Contemporary Disenfranchisement Regime

Jeff Manza and Christopher Uggen

in Locked Out: Felon Disenfranchisement and American Democracy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195149326
eISBN:
9780199943975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149326.003.0022
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter analyzes the sources of rising rates of felon disenfranchisement and outlines some explanations for the growth of American correctional populations. The largest part of this growth is ... More


The Prostitute and the State

Victoria Harris

in Selling Sex in the Reich: Prostitutes in German Society, 1914-1945

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199578573
eISBN:
9780191722936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578573.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the interaction between prostitutes and the state agencies charged with controlling them, in particular, the development of, and rivalry between, the two major institutions ... More


Children of the Prison Boom: Mass Incarceration and the Future of American Inequality

Sara Wakefield and Christopher Wildeman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199989225
eISBN:
9780199347612
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989225.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Law, Crime and Deviance

An unrelenting prison boom, marked by large racial disparities in the risk of incarceration, characterized the latter third of the 20th century. Drawing on broadly representative survey data and ... More


Beggars or Refugees?

Janet Y. Chen

in Guilty of Indigence: The Urban Poor in China, 1900-1953

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152103
eISBN:
9781400839988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152103.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter follows the fortunes of occupied Beijing and the “solitary island” of Shanghai, against the backdrop of a broader national crisis. Here, the outbreak of World War II in China in July ... More


The Problem of Concentrated Incarceration

Todd R. Clear

in Imprisoning Communities: How Mass Incarceration Makes Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Worse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195305791
eISBN:
9780199943944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305791.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses the problems associated with concentrated incarceration. It discusses the increase in prison population and suggests that incarceration does more damage than good, including ... More


Incarceration and Crime

Todd R. Clear

in Imprisoning Communities: How Mass Incarceration Makes Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Worse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195305791
eISBN:
9780199943944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305791.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the relation between incarceration and crime. It suggests that prisons can prevent crime in two ways: incapacitation and deterrence. It explains that incapacitation occurs when ... More


The Problem of Mass Incarceration Concentrated in Poor Places

Todd R. Clear

in Imprisoning Communities: How Mass Incarceration Makes Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Worse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195305791
eISBN:
9780199943944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305791.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter looks at how prison populations have come to reflect a concentrated experience among certain subgroups in the U.S. population. It describes imprisonment both nationally and in ... More


Communities, Coercive Mobility, and Public Safety

Todd R. Clear

in Imprisoning Communities: How Mass Incarceration Makes Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Worse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195305791
eISBN:
9780199943944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305791.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter argues that high levels of incarceration can damage social networks and social capital, increasing disorganization by impeding other forms of control. It explains that high incarceration ... More


Death by a Thousand Little Cuts: Studies of the Impact of Incarceration

Todd R. Clear

in Imprisoning Communities: How Mass Incarceration Makes Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Worse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195305791
eISBN:
9780199943944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305791.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter reviews studies concerning the impact of incarceration. The analysis shows that different aspects of incarceration make life harder for those who live in places that experience high ... More


In Their Own Voices: People in High‐Incarceration Communities Talk about the Impact of Incarceration

Todd R. Clear

in Imprisoning Communities: How Mass Incarceration Makes Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Worse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195305791
eISBN:
9780199943944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305791.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter presents Tallahassee, Florida community members' description of how incarceration has affected their lives, their families and their communities. These community members are from ... More


The Impact of Incarceration on Community Safety

Todd R. Clear

in Imprisoning Communities: How Mass Incarceration Makes Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Worse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195305791
eISBN:
9780199943944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305791.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter reviews theoretical and empirical studies on the impact of incarceration on community safety and it also notes that these studies sought to test empirically the coercive mobility ... More


Exceptional America: What Divides Americans from the World and from Each Other

Mugambi Jouet

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520293298
eISBN:
9780520966468
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293298.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Americans are far more divided than other Westerners over basic issues, including wealth inequality, health care, climate change, evolution, the literal truth of the Bible, apocalyptical prophecies, ... More


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