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Effect of orbitofrontal lesions on mood and aggression

Pamela Blake and Jordan Grafman

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the effects of lesions in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) on mood states and aggressive behavior. Particular attention is paid to studies of patients with traumatic brain injury, ... More


Introduction

Rolf Loeber and David P. Farrington

in From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199828166
eISBN:
9780199951208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter intrudes the key elements of this volume. This volume focuses on the age period between mid adolescence and early adulthood (roughly ages 15-29) and it addresses what we know about ... More


Psychopathy: An Introduction to Biological Findings and Their Implications

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814777053
eISBN:
9780814777077
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814777053.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The last two decades have seen tremendous growth in biological research on psychopathy, a mental disorder distinguished by traits including a lack of empathy or emotional response, egocentricity, ... More


The Genetics of Consumption, Part II: Substance Abuse: Substance Abuse

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

in Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Substance abuse, like eating disorders, has a strong genetic component as shown by twin and adoption studies. There is also a strong correlation with depression and impulsivity, which have strong ... More


Introduction: Mass Media and the Socialization of Adolescents Since World War II

Daniel Romer

in The Changing Portrayal of Adolescents in the Media Since 1950

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195342956
eISBN:
9780199894284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342956.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the massive social and economic changes that emerged post-World War II, with particular emphasis on the mass media's influence on youth. The baby ... More


Learning, Expectancy, and Behavioral Control: Implications for Drug Abuse

Muriel Vogel-Sprott and Mark T. Fillmore

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0072
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews research demonstrating that learned expectancies mediate behavior. A drug-taking situation illustrates how associative learning develops drug-related expectancies. Experiments ... More


Does the Study of the Age-Crime Curve Have a Future?

Rolf Loeber

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter considers the properties of the age-crime curve. It revisits factors—such as neighborhoods, cohorts, and impulsivity—that influence the height and the breadth of the curve. It shows by ... More


Risky and impulsive components of adolescent decision making

B.J. Casey, Todd A. Hare, and Adriana Galván

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Adolescence is a developmental period which is often characterized as a time of impulsive and risky choices leading to increased incidence of unintentional injuries and violence, alcohol and drug ... More


Violence and Therapy in The Sopranos

Jason Jacobs

in The Contemporary Television Series

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748619009
eISBN:
9780748671168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619009.003.0010
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Television

During its five seasons, the television series The Sopranos, which premiered in 1999 on HBO, has offered an emphatically realist account of organised crime in a fictional New Jersey mob family. Its ... More


Stress, Coping, and Emotion Regulation

Barry M. Wagner

in Suicidal Behavior in Children and Adolescents

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300112504
eISBN:
9780300156362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300112504.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores the variability in the ways in which suicidal youths manage their emotions and cope with stress. First, it discusses the cognitive states associated with suicidal behavior, such ... More


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