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Conclusion: Politics, Ideology, and Old Comedy

I. A. Ruffell

in Politics and Anti-Realism in Athenian Old Comedy: The Art of the Impossible

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199587216
eISBN:
9780191731297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587216.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Plays and Playwrights: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This conclusion brings together the three strands of the book and their related forms of anti-realism to argue that Old Comedy constructs its arguments, involves its audience, and seeks ... More


Individual Freedom: Constraints

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In order to show that freedom is (at least theoretically) measurable, one must show that the different kinds of constraint on freedom (physical impossibility, threats, difficulty) can be aggregated ... More


Group Freedom

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The freedom of a group of individuals is best understood as the sum of the degrees of freedom of its individual members. G. A. Cohen has opposed this view, arguing that a group (e.g. the proletariat) ... More


 Just Playing?

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter offers an approach to applying game theory to David Hume's ideas on moral philosophy. It begins by explaining how the Humean approach allows a different interpretation of experimental ... More


The Architecture of the Imagination: New Essays on Pretence, Possibility, and Fiction

Shaun Nichols (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199275731
eISBN:
9780191706103
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275731.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book presents essays in the form of thirteen chapters on the propositional imagination. The propositional imagination — the mental capacity we exploit when we imagine that everyone is ... More


Reduction of the Normative

Mark Schroeder

in Slaves of the Passions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299508
eISBN:
9780191714917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapters 2 and 3 were looking at Hypotheticalims from a negative point of view, saying how Hypotheticalism does not conceive of the explanation of Ronnie's reason by his desire. This chapter advances ... More


Collective Choice and Voting

ROBERT V. DODGE

in Schelling's Game Theory: How to Make Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199857203
eISBN:
9780199932597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857203.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter begins with a brief voting discussion and then presents a problem and explanation from Schelling's course. It looks at sincere and strategic voting, the idea of a secret ballot, selling ... More


Epistemic Failures of Majority Rule: Real and Imagined

Hélène Landemore

in Democratic Reason: Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155654
eISBN:
9781400845538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155654.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter addresses a series of objections to the claimed epistemic properties of majority rule and, more generally, aggregation of judgments. It first considers a general objection to the ... More


Better Development Through Better Policy?: Development Aid's Challenges at the Collective-Choice Level

Clark C. Gibson

in The Samaritan's Dilemma: The Political Economy of Development Aid

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199278855
eISBN:
9780191602863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278857.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores the obstacles and possibilities for development at the collective-choice level, and discusses the difficulties most likely to thwart efforts to solve collective-action ... More


Miracles: Their Possibility and Knowability

C. Stephen Evans

in The Historical Christ and the Jesus of Faith: The Incarnational Narrative as History

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198263975
eISBN:
9780191600579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019826397X.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

As explained in the previous chapter, there are substantial arguments that knowledge of the events of the incarnational narrative is not even possible. Several of these centre around the notion of ... More


Logical Equivalence

Stephen Neale

in Facing Facts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247158
eISBN:
9780191598081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247153.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Chs. 8 and 9 convert the two basic forms of slingshot (collapsing) argument—one used by Alonzo Church, W. V. Quine, and Donald Davidson, the other by Kurt Gödel—into knock‐down deductive proofs that ... More


About Choice

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The chapter is concerned with the generalities of choice and the optimum. Its eight sections are: forming a choice; demand as choice; choice functions; the optimum; optimal choice functions; revealed ... More


Processes of Choice

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter deals with choice functions and preferences, and with the search and elimination processes involved in making a choice. Its five sections are: search and elimination; binary choice; ... More


Democratic Choice

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The chapter discusses group choice. It is seen that, with group choice determined as a function of individual choices, democratically required neutralities inevitably lead to the ordinary voting ... More


Budget Allocation and Priority

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter comments on conventional consumer theory looked at from the point of view of a simple consumer who does not understand enough of partial differential equations to implement the usual ... More


Ramsey's Savings Rule

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This final chapter of Part I of the book (on choice and the optimum) is a study of the optimal savings theory (the Savings Rule) of Frank Ramsey (1928)—what it represents and the arguments involved. ... More


Samuelson's “Dr. Jekyll and Mrs. Jekyll” Problem: A Difficulty in the Concept of the Consumer

Robert A. Pollak

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter describes a rich number of cases in which Samuelson distinguishes between the individual and the family as the consuming agent. The idea that the family demand function can be consistent ... More


Libertarianism, Action, and Self‐Determination

Galen Strawson

in Freedom and Belief

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247493
eISBN:
9780191594830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247493.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There is a basic, strong, fundamental sense in which free will and moral responsibility are provably, logically impossible. For in the end, they require that one be radically the cause of oneself, ... More


Politics and Anti-Realism in Athenian Old Comedy: The Art of the Impossible

Ian Ruffell

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199587216
eISBN:
9780191731297
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587216.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Plays and Playwrights: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The collision of politics and claims of political intervention with the fantastic, absurd and impossible is characteristic of the Athenian comic drama of the late fifth and early fourth ... More


Parmenides' Three Ways

John Palmer

in Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199567904
eISBN:
9780191721717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567904.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

After a non-allegorical reading of Parmenides' proem in fragment 1 that identifies its major figures and topography, this chapter focuses on the interpretive issues arising from fragment 2's ... More


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