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Implicit Bias: A Better Metric for Racial Progress?

Leslie Ashburn-Nardo, Robert W. Livingston, and Joshua Waytz

in The Obamas and a (Post) Racial America?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735204
eISBN:
9780199894581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735204.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Given external pressures, people are sometimes unwilling to express their honest opinions about African Americans. Furthermore, because attitudes are often consciously inaccessible, people may also ... More


Black Man in the White House: Ideology and Implicit Racial Bias in the Age of Obama

Kristin A. Lane and John T. Jost

in The Obamas and a (Post) Racial America?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735204
eISBN:
9780199894581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735204.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses questions of racial bias and political ideology in the context of Barack Obama’s 2008 historical election and the first year of his presidency. In contrast to various claims ... More


Interpersonal Foundations of Ideological Thinking

Curtis D. Hardin, Rick M. Cheung, Michael W. Magee, Steven Noel, and Kasumi Yoshimura

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Building upon research on the social-cognitive foundations of ideological thinking, we argue that allegiance to attitudes that explain and justify the status quo is motivated in part by the human ... More


Bias, Feminism, and the Psychology of Investigating Gender

Alice H. Eagly

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Implicit judgmental biases compromise scientists' theories and research on the psychology of gender. One form of bias — social cognition — engages correspondent inference and the linked principle of ... More


Gendering At Work

Cecilia L. Ridgeway

in Framed by Gender: How Gender Inequality Persists in the Modern World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755776
eISBN:
9780199894925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755776.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 4 describes how the effects of gender stereotypes on social relations (Chapter 3) reproduce gender inequality in paid work. The gender frame interacts with the institutional frame of work ... More


Implicit Bias, Stereotype Threat, and Women in Philosophy

Jennifer Saul

in Women in Philosophy: What Needs to Change?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199325603
eISBN:
9780199369317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199325603.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

There is by now a well-established body of research in psychology showing that human beings are strongly influenced by a range of unconscious biases and dispositions related to categories like race, ... More


The Heterogeneity of Implicit Bias

Jules Holroyd and Joseph Sweetman

in Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1: Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198713241
eISBN:
9780191781698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713241.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The term ‘implicit bias’ has been rapidly incorporated into philosophical discourse. This chapter scrutinizes the phenomena that fall under the rubric of implicit bias. The term is often used in a ... More


Implicit Bias, Character, and Control

Jules Holroyd and Daniel Kelly

in From Personality to Virtue: Essays on the Philosophy of Character

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198746812
eISBN:
9780191809088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746812.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Are implicit biases under an agent’s control, and attributable to her as part of her character? A number of theorists have argued that individuals do not have control, in the relevant sense, over the ... More


Implicit Bias, Responsibility, and Moral Ecology

Manuel R. Vargas

in Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility Volume 4

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198805601
eISBN:
9780191843563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805601.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There are reasons that weigh both in favor and against judging agents blameworthy for actions produced in part by implicit biases. Indeed, perhaps implicit bias reveals that our received views about ... More


Who’s Responsible for This?: Moral Responsibility, Externalism, and Knowledge about Implicit Bias

Natalia Washington and Daniel Kelly

in Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 2: Moral Responsibility, Structural Injustice, and Ethics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198766179
eISBN:
9780191820748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766179.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The central claim we defend is that people can be responsible for actions that are influenced by implicit biases they do not know they have, and would disavow if they did. We frame this issue in ... More


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