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Perceptual Consequences of Cochlear Damage

Brian C. J. Moore

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523307
eISBN:
9780191712456
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523307.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Over the last twenty years there has been a revolution in our understanding of the mechanisms of sound analysis in the normal cochlea. Along with this, the mechanisms associated with cochlear hearing ... More


Thought and the Language Faculty

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that the view that conceptual competence is part of linguistic competence is not undermined by the well-known dissociation of cognitive impairment and linguistic impairment. In ... More


Alcoholism

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents an integrated, moral-therapeutic perspective on alcoholism. Beginning in the mid-1930s, Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) invigorated the therapeutic trend by convincing health ... More


Paths to Alzheimer Prevention

Margaret Lock

in The Alzheimer Conundrum: Entanglements of Dementia and Aging

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149783
eISBN:
9781400848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149783.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter looks at the adoption in the 1980s of the clinical diagnosis known as “mild cognitive impairment” (MCI). Formal recognition of MCI, the value of which continues to be debated in some ... More


Understanding Disability

Deborah Beth Creamer

in Disability and Christian Theology: Embodied Limits and Constructive Possibilities

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369151
eISBN:
9780199871193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369151.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Religion and Society

This chapter adds complexity to descriptions of disability by introducing distinctions between “impairment,” “disability,” and “handicap.” It also describes the diversity of experiences located ... More


Malformations of Cortical Development

Renzo Guerrini and Francesco Zellini

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Abnormal cortical development represents a major cause of epilepsy. Most such abnormalities may now be detected using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), although some remain undetectable even with the ... More


Disorders of Language After Frontal Lobe Injury: Evidence for the Neural Mechanisms of Disorders of Language

Michael P. Alexander

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Damage to the frontal lobes, particularly on the left, will impair language capacity. This chapter reviews language impairment at four discrete, although overlapping, levels of clinical phenomena: ... More


The Functional Neuroanatomy of Reading

Nicola Brunswick

in The Neural Basis of Reading

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter describes and evaluates the application of neuroimaging and electrophysiological data to our current understanding of the functional neuroanatomy of reading. The studies reviewed include ... More


Emotional Development:: Recent Research Advances

Jacqueline Nadel and Darwin Muir (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528845
eISBN:
9780191689567
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528845.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

From prenatal life onwards, our emotions play a central role in our development. Exactly how emotions shape our lives is less clear. We know that emotional impairments can have a disastrous effect on ... More


Imaging Cognitive Decline in Aging: Predicting Decline with Structural Imaging

Jeffrey Kaye

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

The focus of this chapter is predicting cognitive decline or dementia in normal older people using structural imaging. Key questions addressed include the following: What are the major methods, both ... More


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