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Perceptual Consequences of Cochlear Damage

Brian C. J. Moore

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523307
eISBN:
9780191712456
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523307.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Over the last twenty years there has been a revolution in our understanding of the mechanisms of sound analysis in the normal cochlea. Along with this, the mechanisms associated with cochlear hearing ... More


Thought and the Language Faculty

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that the view that conceptual competence is part of linguistic competence is not undermined by the well-known dissociation of cognitive impairment and linguistic impairment. In ... More


Alcoholism

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents an integrated, moral-therapeutic perspective on alcoholism. Beginning in the mid-1930s, Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) invigorated the therapeutic trend by convincing health ... More


Paths to Alzheimer Prevention

Margaret Lock

in The Alzheimer Conundrum: Entanglements of Dementia and Aging

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149783
eISBN:
9781400848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149783.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter looks at the adoption in the 1980s of the clinical diagnosis known as “mild cognitive impairment” (MCI). Formal recognition of MCI, the value of which continues to be debated in some ... More


Understanding Disability

Deborah Beth Creamer

in Disability and Christian Theology: Embodied Limits and Constructive Possibilities

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369151
eISBN:
9780199871193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369151.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Religion and Society

This chapter adds complexity to descriptions of disability by introducing distinctions between “impairment,” “disability,” and “handicap.” It also describes the diversity of experiences located ... More


Malformations of Cortical Development

Renzo Guerrini and Francesco Zellini

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Abnormal cortical development represents a major cause of epilepsy. Most such abnormalities may now be detected using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), although some remain undetectable even with the ... More


The Functional Neuroanatomy of Reading

Nicola Brunswick

in The Neural Basis of Reading

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter describes and evaluates the application of neuroimaging and electrophysiological data to our current understanding of the functional neuroanatomy of reading. The studies reviewed include ... More


Disorders of Language After Frontal Lobe Injury: Evidence for the Neural Mechanisms of Disorders of Language

Michael P. Alexander

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Damage to the frontal lobes, particularly on the left, will impair language capacity. This chapter reviews language impairment at four discrete, although overlapping, levels of clinical phenomena: ... More


Emotional Development:: Recent Research Advances

Jacqueline Nadel and Darwin Muir (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528845
eISBN:
9780191689567
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528845.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

From prenatal life onwards, our emotions play a central role in our development. Exactly how emotions shape our lives is less clear. We know that emotional impairments can have a disastrous effect on ... More


Imaging Cognitive Decline in Aging: Predicting Decline with Structural Imaging

Jeffrey Kaye

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

The focus of this chapter is predicting cognitive decline or dementia in normal older people using structural imaging. Key questions addressed include the following: What are the major methods, both ... More


The Early Detection of Alzheimer's Disease with Positron Emission Tomography

Rachel Mistur, Lisa Mosconi, Remigiusz Switalski, Susan De Santi, Yi Li, Lidia Glodzik, Miroslaw Brys, Wai Tsui, Henry Rusinek, and Mony J. de Leon

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Reductions in the cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (CMRglc), a measure of neuronal function, have proven to be a promising tool in the early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). FDG-PET imaging ... More


Structural Imaging of Mild Cognitive Impairment

Clifford R. Jack

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

This chapter describes the concept of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), the initial construct of amnestic MCI as well as the expanded construct that includes both amnestic and nonamnestic forms. The ... More


Amyloid Imaging and (What is “Normal”?) Aging

William E. Klunk and Chester A. Mathis

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

One thing that has become clear from amyloid imaging studies is how early the full burden of plaques accumulate, often by the time a patient first develops symptoms. This finding brings with it the ... More


The Role of Longitudinal Studies in the Early Detection of Dementia

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Although the Seattle Longitudinal Study was designed to focus on cognitive changes in normal community-dwelling populations, it is inevitable that a prospective study of aging will eventually include ... More


Neuroconstructivism Volume Two: Perspectives and Prospects

Denis Mareschal, Sylvain Sirois, Gert Westermann, and Mark H. Johnson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529934
eISBN:
9780191689727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529934.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

What are the processes, from conception to adulthood, that enable a single cell to grow into a sentient adult? The processes that occur along the way are so complex that any attempt to understand ... More


Spelling and the Visual Deficit

Michael McCloskey

in Visual Reflections: A Perceptual Deficit and Its Implications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168693
eISBN:
9780199871513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168693.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses AH's spelling impairment, suggesting that AH's severely impaired spelling may be a nonobvious consequence of her perceptual deficit. Visual perception of location and ... More


Does AH's Deficit Affect Her Reading?

Michael McCloskey

in Visual Reflections: A Perceptual Deficit and Its Implications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168693
eISBN:
9780199871513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168693.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes a detailed study of AH's reading. It shows that contrary to appearances, AH's reading is far from normal: When tested with appropriately chosen tasks, she shows clear and ... More


How Does AH Succeed at Reading?

Michael McCloskey

in Visual Reflections: A Perceptual Deficit and Its Implications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168693
eISBN:
9780199871513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168693.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter considers how AH is apparently able to read successfully in daily life and why she and others were unaware of her reading difficulties. It suggests that AH's reading processes rely ... More


Sign Language Interpreting and Interpreter Education: Directions for Research and Practice

Marc Marschark, Rico Peterson, and Elizabeth A. Winston (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195176940
eISBN:
9780199869978
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof/9780195176940.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

More than 1.46 million people in the United States have hearing losses in sufficient severity to be considered deaf; another 21 million people have other hearing impairments. For many deaf and ... More


Broca’s Area and Lexical-Semantic Processing

Stefano F. Cappa and Daniela Perani

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the relationship between Broca's area and lexical-semantic processing. The first section reviews the aphasiological evidence for lexical and/or semantic impairment in the ... More


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