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The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Thomas Pradeu

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What counts as an individual in the living world? What does it mean for a living thing to remain the same through time while constantly changing? Immunology, one of the most dynamic fields of today’s ... More


Pruritus in Advanced Disease

Zbigniew Zylicz, Robert Twycross, and E. Anthony Jones (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198525103
eISBN:
9780191730238
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525103.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Pruritus is a prevalent symptom in many skin conditions. However, much less is known about pruritus unassociated with primary skin disease. This latter problem is of major relevance to most medical ... More


Perspectives

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This concluding chapter looks at some of the big issues that remain in nutritional biology. Exploding protein into its constituent amino acids means having to deal with 19 extra dimensions, which is ... More


When the Wall Comes Tumbling Down: HIV/AIDS

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

AIDS presents one of the greatest medical and scientific challenges of the past sixty years. This chapter examines AIDS as a medical problem, as a problem in virology, and from an immunological point ... More


TCM: Western Fears, Chinese Set Pieces

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0093
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which has had a reassuring effect on Western nations, came from China and some parts of Japan and Korea. The Chinese were needed as technicians in Western private ... More


The Age of Immunology: Conceiving A Future in an Alienating World

A. David Napier

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226568126
eISBN:
9780226568140
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226568140.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book argues that the central assumption of immunology—that we survive through the recognition and elimination of non-self—has become a defining concept of the modern age. Tracing this ... More


Immunity: The Evolution of an Idea

Alfred I. Tauber

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190651244
eISBN:
9780190651275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190651244.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Immunology is the science of biological identity. Three key characteristics—individuality, identification, and immunity—together define immune identity, and as one notion changes meaning, so do the ... More


Evolutionary Parasitology: The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics

Paul Schmid-Hempel

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199229482
eISBN:
9780191774744
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229482.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Over the last decade, principles from evolution and ecology have increasingly been applied to the fields of parasitology and immunology in an attempt to foster a common conceptual framework that uses ... More


Infectious Disease Epidemiology: Beyond Bacteria

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the epidemiology of infectious diseases. By the end of the 19th century, the significant role of microorganisms in many diseases of humans and other species was ... More


Science as Autobiography: The Troubled Life of Niels Jern

Thomas Soderqvist

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300094411
eISBN:
9780300128710
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300094411.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This biography probes the unusual mind, the dramatic life, and the outstanding scientific work of Danish-born immunologist Niels Jerne. Jerne's Nobel Prize-winning achievements in the field of ... More


Ecological immunology

Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Evolutionary Parasitology: The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199229482
eISBN:
9780191774744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229482.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter talks about certain observations and conclusions arrived at through the study of ecological immunology. The rate of parasitism and the level of immune response, for example, are often ... More


“My Hopes and Failures Are Within Myself”

Thomas Söderqvist

in Science as Autobiography: The Troubled Life of Niels Jern

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300094411
eISBN:
9780300128710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300094411.003.0016
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter focuses on Niels Jerne's visit to California. Adda was accompanying him, but the children, now aged twelve and eighteen, would remain in Denmark, and the apartment on Amaliegade would be ... More


“Like a Log Coming Slowly to the Surface of a Lake”

Thomas Söderqvist

in Science as Autobiography: The Troubled Life of Niels Jern

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300094411
eISBN:
9780300128710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300094411.003.0020
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter shows how Niels Jerne viewed the Paul Ehrlich Institute. To him, it was an “ancient institute” where most people went home at four in the afternoon and almost nobody carried on any ... More


“I Still Think That My Original Natural Selection Theory Was Better”

Thomas Söderqvist

in Science as Autobiography: The Troubled Life of Niels Jern

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300094411
eISBN:
9780300128710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300094411.003.0021
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter describes the enormous efforts Niels Jerne had invested in setting up the Basel Institute for Immunology. Some questioned whether Jerne would be able to continue without establishing a ... More


“Immunology Is for Me Becoming a Mostly Philosophical Subject”

Thomas Söderqvist

in Science as Autobiography: The Troubled Life of Niels Jern

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300094411
eISBN:
9780300128710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300094411.003.0022
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter focuses on the time of Niels Jerne's retirement, after more than a decade as director of the Basel Institute. Roche asked Fritz Melchers, who had been at the institute almost since its ... More


“I Have Never in My Life Felt I Belonged in the Place Where I Lived”

Thomas Söderqvist

in Science as Autobiography: The Troubled Life of Niels Jern

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300094411
eISBN:
9780300128710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300094411.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter discusses Niels Jerne's intention to write an autobiography. He came close to doing so in 1985, six months after receiving the Nobel Prize. The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation wanted to ... More


Unobservables

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Simon Flexner and Hideyo Noguchi’s work discusses venom research from the perspective of immunology. They could draw on a much broader pool of resources than Mitchell had available—conceptual, ... More


The Influence of Variation among Replicates on Repeatability

Jacob Pitcovski, Ehud Shahar, and Avigdor Cahaner

in Stepping in the Same River Twice: Replication in Biological Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300209549
eISBN:
9780300228038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209549.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter first illustrates how a large number of observations can inform the design of a particular experiment intended to test rigorously the causes of the observed associations. It does so ... More


Immunology and the Village of the Healthy

in The Power of the Between: An Anthropological Odyssey

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226775340
eISBN:
9780226775364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226775364.003.0017
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter narrates the author's thoughts upon being diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma in 2001. He discusses how immunological metaphors play a central role in how we organize our thinking about ... More


Anthropological Inoculations

in The Age of Immunology: Conceiving A Future in an Alienating World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226568126
eISBN:
9780226568140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226568140.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter deals with the theoretical problems of contemporary immunology that are socially constructed and personally understood. Polytheists are highly sensitized to immunological concepts. In ... More


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