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Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Jens Rolff and Stuart Reynolds (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Under continual attack from both microbial pathogens and multicellular parasites, insects must cope with immune challenges every day of their lives. However, this has not prevented them from becoming ... More


The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Thomas Pradeu

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What counts as an individual in the living world? What does it mean for a living thing to remain the same through time while constantly changing? Immunology, one of the most dynamic fields of today’s ... More


 Creationist Purpose and Irreducible Complexity Rebutted

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter rebuts irreducible complexity and creationism by explaining the reliability of dating techniques as well as sophisticated laboratory techniques that allow researchers to synthesize ... More


Immune responses and the evolution of resistance

Jacob Koella

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the evolution of immune function. It emphasizes two points. First, the immune system is complex, with many responses that may act together or inhibit each other to determine ... More


The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Harold G. Koenig and Harvey J. Cohen

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This book presents new medical research establishing a connection between religion and health and examines the implications for Eastern and Western religious traditions and for society and culture. ... More


Carpet Monsters and Killer Spores: A Natural History of Toxic Mold

Nicholas P. Money

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172270
eISBN:
9780199790258
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172270.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

We live on a very moldy planet. Microscopic fungi blossom on every scrap of plant debris and are part of every crumb of soil. Molds can also grow in great profusion in our homes and workplaces, ... More


Immunology, Self and Nonself

Thomas Pradeu and Elizabeth Vitanza

in The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter investigates the different definitions of immunology, in particular the dominant definition stating that immunology is the discipline that studies the defense of organisms against ... More


Immunomodulation in the Nervous and Vascular Systems During Inflammation and Autoimmunity: the Role of T Regulatory Cells

Kokona Chatzantoni and Athanasia Mouzaki

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The immune system is characterized by a complex network of cells and organs specialized to extinguish foreign invaders or malfunctioning cells of the organism. Although innate immunity, B-cell ... More


RISKING DEATH WITH SEX: The AIDS Virus

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses HIV. Approximately 90% of people infected with HIV die from AIDS within 15 years if no drugs are provided. HIV is a unique virus in that, by itself, it does not cause the ... More


Understanding How Stress Affects the Physical Body

BRUCE S. RABIN

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter explains how psychological stress affects the brain, neuroendocrine system and ultimately, the cardiovascular and immune systems. A theoretical model is presented that details the ... More


Psychological Stress and Autoimmune Disease

HAROLD G. KOENIG and HARVEY JAY COHEN

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter looks at diseases which result not from a hypoactive immune system but rather from an immune system functioning in an exaggerated or uncontrolled fashion. This is seen in autoimmune ... More


Immunologic Factors

GARETH J. MORGAN, MARTHA S. LINET, and CHARLES S. RABKIN

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0027
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the immunologic factors in cancer. Topics covered include structure and function of the immune system, immune variation and cancer risk, and age-related changes in immune ... More


Immune, Neuroendocrine, and Religious Measures

BRUCE S. RABIN and HAROLD G. KOENIG

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

A number of solid organs, cellular components and soluble proteins make up the immune system. These include the lymphoid tissues, lymphocytes and other immune cells, and immunoglobulins and ... More


From Bacteria to Belief: Immunity and Security

Luis P. Villarreal

in Natural Security: A Darwinian Approach to a Dangerous World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253476
eISBN:
9780520934313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253476.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Biological systems must employ a security or immunity system to ensure their survival. This chapter traces the early origins of biological identification and immune systems, first found in the ... More


The natural history of defences

Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Evolutionary Parasitology: The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199229482
eISBN:
9780191774744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229482.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter looks at the natural history of host defences. Host defences refer to the processes that minimize fitness loss when a host is in the presence of, or is infected by, parasites. In ... More


Functional significance of MHC variation in mate choice, reproductive outcome, and disease risk

Dagan A. Loisel, Susan C. Alberts, and Carole Ober

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter surveys connections between the nervous system and the immune system, and suggests that their connections mediate many significant health outcomes. The nervous and immune systems are ... More


Introduction

HAROLD G. KOENIG and HARVEY JAY COHEN

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

On July 12 1999, twelve of the world's leading psychoneuroimmunologists, theologians and physicians gathered at Duke University to discuss the effects of stress on the immune system and to see how ... More


Cures for Mortality?

Nicholas P. Money

in Mushroom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732562
eISBN:
9780199918515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732562.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The final chapter addresses the value of mushroom extracts in treating varied illnesses. Marketers maintain that mushroom extracts are powerful agents in the treatment of cancer, AIDS, and other ... More


Reconsidering Implicit Memory

Henry L. Roediger

in Rethinking Implicit Memory

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632326
eISBN:
9780191670466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632326.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The study of implicit memory poses challenges to the whole concept of memory, challenges with which the field has struggled ever since. This chapter presents a continuation of reflections on matters ... More


Parasite immune evasion and manipulation of host phenotype

Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Evolutionary Parasitology: The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199229482
eISBN:
9780191774744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229482.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter talks about how virtually all parasites manipulate their hosts in various ways. This manipulation affects the immune system, host behaviour, host life-history, and many other host ... More


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