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Carpet Monsters and Killer Spores: A Natural History of Toxic Mold

Nicholas P. Money

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172270
eISBN:
9780199790258
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172270.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

We live on a very moldy planet. Microscopic fungi blossom on every scrap of plant debris and are part of every crumb of soil. Molds can also grow in great profusion in our homes and workplaces, ... More


Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Jens Rolff and Stuart Reynolds (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Under continual attack from both microbial pathogens and multicellular parasites, insects must cope with immune challenges every day of their lives. However, this has not prevented them from becoming ... More


The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Thomas Pradeu

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What counts as an individual in the living world? What does it mean for a living thing to remain the same through time while constantly changing? Immunology, one of the most dynamic fields of today’s ... More


The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Harold G. Koenig and Harvey J. Cohen

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This book presents new medical research establishing a connection between religion and health and examines the implications for Eastern and Western religious traditions and for society and culture. ... More


The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Nutrition has long been considered more the domain of medicine and agriculture than of the biological sciences, yet it touches and shapes all aspects of the natural world. The need for nutrients ... More


Spin Glasses and Complexity

Daniel L. Stein and Charles M. Newman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147338
eISBN:
9781400845637
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147338.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Spin glasses are disordered magnetic systems that have led to the development of mathematical tools with an array of real-world applications, from airline scheduling to neural networks. This book ... More


 Creationist Purpose and Irreducible Complexity Rebutted

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter rebuts irreducible complexity and creationism by explaining the reliability of dating techniques as well as sophisticated laboratory techniques that allow researchers to synthesize ... More


Conclusions

HAROLD G. KOENIG

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Studies in psychoneuroimmunology recently have shed light on the delicate and finely balanced interactions between the mind and physical body. Psychological stress, anxiety, depression, hopelessness, ... More


Immune responses and the evolution of resistance

Jacob Koella

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the evolution of immune function. It emphasizes two points. First, the immune system is complex, with many responses that may act together or inhibit each other to determine ... More


Population genetics of insect immune responses

Punita Juneja and Brian P. Lazzaro

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter examines the evolutionary genetics of immune defence, interpreting molecular evolutionary patterns in light of protein function to draw insight into how the immune response adapts to ... More


Ecological and evolutionary implications of specific immune responses

Ben M. Sadd and Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter approaches the question of immune specificity from an evolutionary ecology perspective. For the sake of clarity, immune specificity is addressed on two levels. First, immune specificity ... More


Life-history plasticity under time stress in damselfly larvae

Robby Stoks, Frank Johansson, and Marjan De Block

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Animals often face time stress because they have to reach a certain stage before a certain time horizon (e.g., the onset of winter or pond drying). Damselflies react to time stress with a shortening ... More


The Immune System and Cancer

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Cancers arise as a result of mutations in genes controlling cell division. They may well arise in the body on a fairly frequent basis. Most or all cancers display information on their surface that ... More


Parasitism and hostile environments

Richard C. Tinsley

in Parasitism and Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

There is good physiological documentation of the survival of parasites (generally the ‘off-host’ stages) in environments that would be considered hostile to life and characterized by freezing, ... More


RISKING DEATH WITH SEX: The AIDS Virus

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses HIV. Approximately 90% of people infected with HIV die from AIDS within 15 years if no drugs are provided. HIV is a unique virus in that, by itself, it does not cause the ... More


Carpet Monsters

Nicholas P. Money

in Carpet Monsters and Killer Spores: A Natural History of Toxic Mold

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172270
eISBN:
9780199790258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172270.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter explains how mold spores can cause allergies. Spores carry proteins on their surface, and those that act as antigens can cause a cascade of immune responses resulting in the miseries of ... More


Impact of Metals on Immune Response and Tolerance, and Modulation of Metal Metabolism during Infection

Günter Weiss

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Several metals play important roles in host cell and microbial metabolism because they form a part of central enzymes that are essential, for example, for DNA synthesis, cellular respiration, and key ... More


Recognition and response to microbial infection in Drosophila

Nichole A. Broderick, David P. Welchman, and Bruno Lemaitre

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the mechanisms whereby Drosophila recognize foreign microbes, the signalling systems that regulate adapted responses against them, and the effector mechanisms used to control ... More


Roles of haemolymph proteins in antimicrobial defences of Manduca sexta

Emily J. Ragan, Chunju An, Haobo Jiang, and Michael R. Kanost

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses recent advances in our understanding of plasma proteins in the immune responses of the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta. It focuses on microbial pattern recognition proteins, ... More


Drosophila as a model for studying antiviral defences

Jean-Luc Imler and Ioannis Eleftherianos

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the progress made in the past few years on antiviral defence mechanisms in Drosophila melanogaster, and discusses the relevance of these findings for our understanding of the ... More


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