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Religion and Human Nature

Keith Ward

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269618
eISBN:
9780191683718
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269618.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, World Religions

Continuing the author's series on comparative religion, this book deals with religious views of human nature and destiny. The beliefs of six major traditions are presented: the view of Advaita ... More


Sitings and Sightings: Hanuman in the Cultural Landscape

Philip Lutgendorf

in Hanuman's Tale: The Messages of a Divine Monkey

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195309225
eISBN:
9780199785391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309225.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The chapter opens with a description of Hanuman's traditional role as a guardian of spatial boundaries, and shows how this “peripheral” status has changed in recent times as his shrines have grown in ... More


Spinoza's Heresy: Immortality and the Jewish Mind

Steven Nadler

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247073
eISBN:
9780191598074
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247072.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This is a study of the reasons behind Spinoza's excommunication from the Portuguese–Jewish community of Amsterdam in 1656. The central question in the book is how and why did the issue of the ... More


Samuel ibn Tibbon

Robert Eisen

in The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195171532
eISBN:
9780199785162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171532.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Despite the many difficulties presented by Ibn Tibbon’s discussion of the Book of Job in Ma’amar Yikkavu ha-Mayim, it is argued that with a close reading, his interpretation of Job can be deciphered. ... More


Partition

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter addresses the concern that for a Platonic soul to make sense, is not right to say that it has genuine parts. It also assesses the philosophical cost of soul-partition by considering its ... More


Augustinian Synthesis to Aristotelian Amalgam

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In the 13th century, natural philosophy changed status from an enterprise of marginal significance into one that formed the principal point of entry into the understanding of the world and our place ... More


 Celibacy in Classical Hinduism

Patrick Olivelle

in Celibacy and Religious Traditions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306316
eISBN:
9780199867721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306316.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The system of the stages of life for a Hindu played a crucial role in the development of celibacy in Indian culture, although there was a tension between the values of domestic life and ascetic ... More


Psychology II: Intellect

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The concentration of this chapter is on Avicenna’s account of the theoretical intellect (his account of the so-called practical intellect is deferred until chapter 8), beginning with his discussion ... More


The Ethics of Ignorance: Petrarch’s Epicurus and Averroës and the Structures of the De Sui Ipsius et Multorum Ignorantia

Zygmunt G. Baranński

in Petrarch in Britain: Interpreters, Imitators, and Translators over 700 years

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264133
eISBN:
9780191734649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264133.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter examines the structure of Petrarch's De Sui Ipsius et Multorum Ignorantia and his opinion on philosophers Epicurus and Averroës' views on the immortality of the soul. It discusses ... More


Immortality and Persons in Phaedo

Lloyd P. Gerson

in Knowing Persons: A Study in Plato

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199288670
eISBN:
9780191717789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288670.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter is devoted to Phaedo. It attempts to explicate the account of the person in that dialogue along with the proofs for the immortality of the soul. In this dialogue, along with the claim ... More


Divided Persons: Republic and Phaedrus

Lloyd P. Gerson

in Knowing Persons: A Study in Plato

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199288670
eISBN:
9780191717789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288670.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The chapter takes up the argument for the tripartition of the soul in Republic and the consequent deepening of the account of personhood. An embodied tripartite soul is a disunited person or self. ... More


No Parting Word

Cynthia Grant Tucker

in No Silent Witness: The Eliot Parsonage Women and Their Unitarian World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390209
eISBN:
9780199866670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390209.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Pulling the narrative strands together, this chapter describes first the Eliots' evolving perceptions of life after death, from a literal heaven of family reunions to an ongoing mystical life of ... More


The Soul: Ambrose’s True Self

J. Warren Smith

in Christian Grace and Pagan Virtue: The Theological Foundation of Ambrose’s Ethics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195369939
eISBN:
9780199893362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369939.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter examines the disputed relationship between Ambrose’s theology and Neoplatonic philosophy, with specific reference to his account of the identity of the person. One controversial passage ... More


Who Is Revealed in War? History, War, and Storytelling

Patricia Owens

in Between War and Politics: International Relations and the Thought of Hannah Arendt

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199299362
eISBN:
9780191715051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299362.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter addresses Arendt's method of thinking about politics and war. It was a fundamental conviction that the most significant changes in social and political life could not be understood ... More


Secrecy, Hereditary Education, and the Immortality of Siddha Medicine

Richard S. Weiss

in Recipes for Immortality: Healing, Religion, and Community in South India

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335231
eISBN:
9780199868803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335231.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Siddha medical knowledge has been transmitted for centuries within the paramparai, the hereditary lineage. The knowledge of the lineage was carefully guarded, as knowledge held in secret was an ... More


Conclusion: The Holy Science of Siddha Medicine

Richard S. Weiss

in Recipes for Immortality: Healing, Religion, and Community in South India

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335231
eISBN:
9780199868803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335231.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This final chapter gives recipes for two siddha medicines, one that is said to have the potential to restore youth and cure all diseases. It then discusses two general features of siddha medical ... More


Nobility, Flourishing, and Immortality: Animal Pain and Animal Well‐being

Michael J. Murray

in Nature Red in Tooth and Claw: Theism and the Problem of Animal Suffering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199237272
eISBN:
9780191717291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237272.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explores a variety of explanations which aim to show that animal pain and suffering is a necessary condition for various outweighing goods which accrue to the suffering animals ... More


Mr Gerald Finzi: A Many-Sided Man

David Manning

in Vaughan Williams on Music

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195182392
eISBN:
9780199851485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182392.003.0075
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Gerald Finzi's last new work was the cantata In Terra Pax. This work is significant not only for its intrinsic beauty, but because it seemed to gives hope of even better things to come. These hopes ... More


Mortality and Metaphysics

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238811
eISBN:
9780191716492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238811.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Epicurean philosophers maintained that the human soul, composed of a particular kind of subtle atom, conferred sensibility and thought only so long as it permeated the organic body. Every atomic ... More


The Phaedo's Final Argument *

Nicholas Denyer

in Maieusis: Essays in Ancient Philosophy in Honour of Myles Burnyeat

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199289974
eISBN:
9780191711008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289974.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Phaedo's final argument ends at 106e-107a with the conclusion ‘a soul is something immortal and indestructible, and our souls really will exist in Hades’. It began at 95e, with some prolonged ... More


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