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Shadow Stereo, Image Filtering, and Constraint Propagation

Michael Brady, Xiao-Bo Pan, Veit Schenk, Melissa Terras, Paul Robertson, and Nicholas Molton

in Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262962
eISBN:
9780191734533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262962.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

It is agreed that stilus tablets are very important documentary sources, however they are the most difficult to decipher. The difficulties in deciphering them is due to the rough surface of the ... More


image formation and accommodation

Ian P. Howard

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 1 Basic Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764143
eISBN:
9780199949359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764143.003.0261
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

The quality of the retinal image depends on optical factors such as chromatic and spherical aberrations and on the spacing of the receptors. An account of these factors is followed by a description ... More


Phase contrast, contrast transfer function (CTF) and high‐resolution electron microscopy (HRTEM)

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

in Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Phase contrast, the contrast transfer function (CTF), kinematical scattering and the weak-phase object approximation are central concepts for image formation. The physics is described in great detail ... More


Three-Dimensional Electron Microscopy of Macromolecular Assemblies: Visualization of Biological Molecules in Their Native State

Joachim Frank

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195182187
eISBN:
9780199893416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182187.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

In this book, the mathematical principles and working methods of single-particle reconstruction are described; a method designed to retrieve three-dimensional structural information from electron ... More


Fundamental transmission electron microscopy

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

in Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Fundamental transmission electron microscopy covers the topics of resolution, electron optics, image recording systems and image distortions and how they can be handled by hardware (Cs-correctors) ... More


Animal Eyes

Michael F. Land and Dan-Eric Nilsson

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199581139
eISBN:
9780191774652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581139.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This book provides a comparative account of all the types of eye in the animal kingdom. It gives an outline of the structure and function of each kind of eye, with an emphasis on the nature of the ... More


Preparation of Nanoparticles of Ag and Related Materials

Tadaaki Tani

in Silver Nanoparticles: From Silver Halide Photography to Plasmonics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198714606
eISBN:
9780191782862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714606.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The preparation of metal nanoparticles for plasmonics according to the LaMer Diagram is described, and this knowledge is extended to single-crystalline nanoparticles with variations in crystal habit, ... More


Forming a Sensory Image

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neurogastronomy: How the Brain Creates Flavor and Why It Matters

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159111
eISBN:
9780231530316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159111.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter examines how the brain represents our sensory world in order to serve as the basis for perception. It is hypothesized that by studying the neural mechanisms for setting up and processing ... More


Sensory systems—photoreception

Jill Lancaster and Barbara J. Downes

in Aquatic Entomology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573219
eISBN:
9780191774850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573219.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter provides an overview of the structure and function of insect photoreceptors, highlighting some problems (and solutions) peculiar to aquatic insect taxa. The physical properties of light ... More


The Light Microscope

Peter B. Moore

in Visualizing the Invisible: Imaging Techniques for the Structural Biologist

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199767090
eISBN:
9780190267841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199767090.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter begins by identifying various kinds of imaging techniques. It then examines the role played by the amount of light and presence of fluorophore in the imaging process. the latter part of ... More


Visual development in children with congenital cataract

A. Sjöströtm, M. Abrahamssom, E. Byhr, and j. Sjöstrand

in Infant Vision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523161
eISBN:
9780191724558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523161.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Visual−deprivation experiments on cats and monkeys have showed that complete unilateral eye occlusion of these animals until twelve weeks of age can produce a permanent amblyopia and a decrease in ... More


Mirage of the Saracen

Walter D. Ward

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780520283770
eISBN:
9780520959521
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520283770.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

The Mirage of the Saracen analyzes the growth of monasticism and Christian settlements in the Sinai Peninsula through the early seventh century CE. It uses a post-colonial lens to examine the ways ... More


Your Mother’s Son

Olivier Hekster

in Emperors and Ancestors: Roman Rulers and the Constraints of Tradition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198736820
eISBN:
9780191800429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736820.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter takes central coin types as its starting point, and compares the trajectory of representations of imperial (grand) mothers on central coin types with those on other types of evidence in ... More


Electron diffraction and its applications

Christopher Hammond

in The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198738671
eISBN:
9780191801938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738671.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter starts by looking at wave-particle character of electrons. It also explains the Ewald reflecting sphere construction for electron diffraction and provides an analysis of electron ... More


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