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Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Daniel Stoljar

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book advances a novel way to resolve the central philosophical problem about the mind: how it is that consciousness or experience fits into a larger naturalistic picture of the world. The ... More


Impartiality, Solidarity, and Distributive Justice

John E. Roemer

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the role of impartiality in theories of distributive justice. Impartiality is modelled by Rawls in his famous thought experiment of a veil of ignorance, where individuals reason ... More


Defending God: Biblical Responses to the Problem of Evil

James L. Crenshaw

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195140026
eISBN:
9780199835607
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140028.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The existence of evil has given rise to perplexed questioning of divine justice from the beginning of recorded history. The present volume examines early responses to the problem of theodicy in ... More


Belief and Truth: A Skeptic Reading of Plato

Katja Maria Vogt

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199916818
eISBN:
9780199980291
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916818.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book explores a Socratic intuition about the difference between belief and knowledge. Beliefs—doxai—are deficient cognitive attitudes. In believing something, one accepts some content as true ... More


Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Srinivasa Rao

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The book proposes a contemporary framework for critiquing Advaita and formulating its basic thesis in a more logical and convincing way. Any proper theory in philosophy and science has to follow from ... More


Which Rights Should Be Universal?

William Talbott

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this book, William Talbott builds on the work of J.S. Mill, John Rawls, and Jürgen Habermas to develop a new equilibrium model for moral reasoning, in which moral reasoning is primarily bottom-up, ... More


On Ignorance

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

No one believes that he does not know himself or the world around him because everyone is familiar with both these. Therefore the question naturally arises as to what exactly is meant by the ... More


Knowledge, Beliefs, and Responsibility

Steve Vanderheiden

in Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195334609
eISBN:
9780199868759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334609.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines three primary issues raised by some of the conditions that are often assumed to be necessary for attributions of responsibility: first, that persons are largely ignorant of the ... More


Political Obligation and the Natural Duties of Justice

George Klosko

in Political Obligations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256204
eISBN:
9780191602351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256209.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In recent years, certain theorists, most notably John Rawls, have attempted to establish general political obligations based on so-called ‘natural duties of justice’. However, because natural duties ... More


Ignorance: A Case for Scepticism

Peter Unger

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244172
eISBN:
9780191711473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244177.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues for the thesis of universal ignorance, i.e., for the claim that nobody can ever know anything. To this effect, puts forward versions of the classical Cartesian argument for skepticism as well ... More


Kantian Humility: Our Ignorance of Things in Themselves

Rae Langton

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243174
eISBN:
9780191597909
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243174.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book offers a new interpretation and defence of Kant's doctrine of things in themselves. Kant distinguishes things in themselves from phenomena, and in doing so he makes a metaphysical ... More


Introduction: The Slugs and the Tiles

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.intro
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The main position to be defended and debated in this book — called “the epistemic view” — can be stated by first formulating a hypothesis about our epistemic situation that the author calls “the ... More


 Error from Ignorance

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter takes up the conditional thesis that if the ignorance hypothesis is true, the logical problem is solved. The defense of this thesis begins from the idea that there are a number of ... More


 General Plausibility

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The next three chapters turn from E1 to E2, and discuss the case for believing the ignorance hypothesis in the first place. This chapter starts by emphasizing our ignorance in general, our ignorance ... More


Example of Model Building: Electoral Volatility

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The foremost mental roadblocks in predictive model building are refusal to make outrageous simplifications and reluctance to play with means of extreme cases. “Ignorance-based” models focus on ... More


The Salvation of Atheists and Catholic Dogmatic Theology

Stephen Bullivant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199652563
eISBN:
9780191740725
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652563.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Church History

Since the Second Vatican Council (1962–5), the Catholic Church has formally declared the possibility of salvation for atheists: ‘those who, without fault, have not yet arrived at an express ... More


Commercial Applications of Skepticism

Roy Sorensen

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay argues that Pyrrhonian skeptics, including Fogelin, are conditional skeptics, and hence not really skeptics at all. Conditional skeptics refute themselves, for when they assert ... More


Normative Degradation: Deleting Rights without Consent in the Name of Contract

Margaret Jane Radin

in Boilerplate: The Fine Print, Vanishing Rights, and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155333
eISBN:
9781400844838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155333.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter examines the normative degradation caused by the apparent lack of consent to boilerplate. It first considers the varieties of nonconsent to which consent is contrasted, including ... More


 The Basic Idea: Justice as Fairness

Thomas Pogge

in John Rawls: His Life and Theory of Justice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195136364
eISBN:
9780199867691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136364.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The original position, which is Rawls's account of a hypothetical contract, is examined in how it plays an important role in a Rawlsian conception on justice. Through the original position, justice ... More


The Ethics of Ignorance: Petrarch’s Epicurus and Averroës and the Structures of the De Sui Ipsius et Multorum Ignorantia

Zygmunt G. Baranński

in Petrarch in Britain: Interpreters, Imitators, and Translators over 700 years

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264133
eISBN:
9780191734649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264133.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter examines the structure of Petrarch's De Sui Ipsius et Multorum Ignorantia and his opinion on philosophers Epicurus and Averroës' views on the immortality of the soul. It discusses ... More


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