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Care in the Community

DAVID WRIGHT

in Mental Disability in Victorian England: The Earlswood Asylum 1847-1901

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199246397
eISBN:
9780191715235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246397.003.004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The movement to community care for mentally disabled persons in the last quarter of the 20th century has precipitated a reevaluation of the asylum era. Recent research has revealed that community and ... More


The Educable Idiot

DAVID WRIGHT

in Mental Disability in Victorian England: The Earlswood Asylum 1847-1901

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199246397
eISBN:
9780191715235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246397.003.009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

During the Victorian period, England witnessed a dramatic change in the education of mentally disabled children. Before the early 19th century, idiots were thought to be uneducable. Indeed, the very ... More


Intellectual disability: A conceptual history, 1200-1900

Patrick McDonagh, C. F. Goodey, and Tim Stainton (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526125316
eISBN:
9781526136213
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526125316.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

This collection explores how concepts of intellectual or learning disability evolved from a range of influences, gradually developing from earlier and decidedly distinct concepts, including ‘idiocy’ ... More


Broken Vows and “Notorious” Endings: Divorce

Brenda E. Stevenson

in Life in Black and White: Family and Community in the Slave South

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195118032
eISBN:
9780199853793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118032.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Divorce was not a novel phenomenon in the antebellum era, despite the difficulties involved in obtaining it. The initial grounds—impotence, idiocy, and, bigamy—were expanded to include adultery and ... More


Idiocy on the Verge of the Novel

Jason M. Wirth

in Commiserating With Devastated Things: Milan Kundera and the Entitlements of Thinking

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823268207
eISBN:
9780823272471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823268207.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

The final two chapters belong together and explore in genealogical detail the nature of a novelist’s authorial voice in relationship to the problem of History (the grand march of reason). These two ... More


Diminished men: masculinity and idiocy

in Idiocy: A Cultural History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310959
eISBN:
9781846315367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846315367.005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter explores the history of some of the common features of representations of male idiocy, in order to ask what functions male idiots serve when they appear in texts, fictional or otherwise. ... More


Essential women: femininity and idiocy

in Idiocy: A Cultural History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310959
eISBN:
9781846315367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846315367.006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter explores the history of some of the common features of representations of female idiocy. In particular, it looks how ideas about women, and especially female sexuality and physical ... More


Broken Beauty: Musical Modernism and the Representation of Disability

Joseph Straus

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190871208
eISBN:
9780190871239
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190871208.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

Modernist music is centrally concerned with the representation and narration of disability. The most characteristic features of musical modernism—fractured forms, immobilized harmonies, conflicting ... More


Idiocy: A Cultural History

Patrick McDonagh

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310959
eISBN:
9781846315367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846315367
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The term ‘idiot’ is a damning put down, whether deployed on the playground or in the board room. People stigmatized as being ‘intellectually disabled’ today must confront variants of the fear and ... More


Introduction: idiocy, culture and human relations

in Idiocy: A Cultural History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310959
eISBN:
9781846315367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846315367.002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This introductory chapter discusses the concept of ‘idiocy’. It suggests that idiocy is as much a socially and ideologically meaningful concept as it is a way of saying something about other people, ... More


‘Stripping our own hearts nake’: William Wordsworth and John Wilson read ‘The Idiot Boy’

in Idiocy: A Cultural History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310959
eISBN:
9781846315367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846315367.003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter examines William Wordsworth's poem ‘The Idiot Boy’. It considers the epistolary exchange it prompted between the poet and his young admirer John Wilson on what may be called the ... More


Holy fools, witty fools, depraved fools: folly, innocence and sin

in Idiocy: A Cultural History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310959
eISBN:
9781846315367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846315367.007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter explores the lengthy history of associations of idiocy, through its discursive or conceptual precursor ‘folly’, with innocence and sin. It reaches back to the early modern period and ... More


History, society, economy: holy fools and idiots come home in nineteenth-century literature

in Idiocy: A Cultural History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310959
eISBN:
9781846315367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846315367.008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter explores how Sir Walter Scott, Charles Dickens, and George Eliot revised the concept of the holy innocent or trickster fool as a more contemporary version of idiocy in order to develop ... More


Barnaby Rudge, idiocy and paternalism: assisting the ‘poor idiot’

in Idiocy: A Cultural History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310959
eISBN:
9781846315367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846315367.009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The analysis in this chapter centres on England in 1841, the Chartist movement, and Charles Dickens' novel Barnaby Rudge. It explores the relations between working-class agitation, political reforms, ... More


Introduction: The Emergent Critical History of Intellectual Disability

Patrick McDonagh, C. F. Goodey, and Tim Stainton

in Intellectual disability: A conceptual history, 1200-1900

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526125316
eISBN:
9781526136213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526125316.003.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

Intellectual disability is an unstable concept, and its fundamental instability is magnified when we track its history and relation to other concepts. This introductory chapter explores some of the ... More


Exclusion from the Eucharist: The Re-shaping of Idiocy in the Seventeenth-Century Church

C. F. Goodey

in Intellectual disability: A conceptual history, 1200-1900

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526125316
eISBN:
9781526136213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526125316.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

Throughout the English revolution of the mid-seventeenth century, churchmen disagreed about whom to exclude from taking holy communion, who should do the excluding, and how this exclusion should be ... More


‘Belief’, ‘Opinion’, and ‘Knowledge’: The Idiot in Law in the Long Eighteenth Century

Simon Jarrett

in Intellectual disability: A conceptual history, 1200-1900

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526125316
eISBN:
9781526136213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526125316.003.0009
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter explores the development of the legal concepts of idiocy and imbecility over the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, examining legal theory as well as evidence from civil court cases to ... More


Idiocy and the Conceptual Economy of Madness

Murray K. Simpson

in Intellectual disability: A conceptual history, 1200-1900

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526125316
eISBN:
9781526136213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526125316.003.0010
Subject:
History, Social History

The binary relationship between ‘intellectual disability’ and ‘mental illness’ is widely regarded as self-evident and long-established. This chapter demonstrates that the historical, and continuing, ... More


Visiting Earlswood: The Asylum Travelogue and the Shaping of ‘Idiocy’

Patrick McDonagh

in Intellectual disability: A conceptual history, 1200-1900

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526125316
eISBN:
9781526136213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526125316.003.0011
Subject:
History, Social History

In the 1850s, visitors to the Earlswood Asylum, also known as the National Asylum for Idiots, in Reigate, Surrey, wrote about their experiences for publication. Frequently, these reports were ... More


Sensational idiocy

in Idiocy: A Cultural History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310959
eISBN:
9781846315367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846315367.011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter pairs the ambiguous representations of idiocy in the 1860s ‘sensation novel’ with ideas of physiological and moral education developed by Édouard Séguin and his many followers, also ... More


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