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Bayes's Theorem

Richard Swinburne (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263419
eISBN:
9780191734175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263419.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Bayes' theorem is a tool for assessing how probable evidence makes some hypothesis. The papers in this book consider the worth and applicability of the theorem. The book sets out the philosophical ... More


Do multiculturalism policies erode the welfare state? An empirical analysis

Keith Banting, Richard Johnston, Will Kymlicka, and Stuart Soroka

in Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199289172
eISBN:
9780191711084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289172.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter introduces a new framework for testing the recognition/redistribution hypothesis. It develops an index of twenty-three different types of MCPs that have been adopted for three different ... More


Set Theory: Boolean-Valued Models and Independence Proofs

John L. Bell

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568520
eISBN:
9780191717581
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568520.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This is the third edition of a well-known graduate textbook on Boolean-valued models of set theory. The aim of the first and second editions was to provide a systematic and adequately motivated ... More


The Existence of God

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271672
eISBN:
9780191709357
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271672.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book assesses the worth of arguments for and against the existence of God. Evidence confirms (makes more probable) an explanatory hypothesis in so far as (1) given the hypothesis the evidence is ... More


Synergy

Mark L. Latash

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333169
eISBN:
9780199864195
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333169.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Techniques

This book discusses a general problem in biology: the lack of an adequate language for formulating biologically specific problems. This book describes recent progress in the control and coordination ... More


All Hypotheses Are Not Created Equal

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The null hypothesis offers close to null prediction. Directional hypotheses are relatively easy to satisfy and offer correspondingly vague predictions. Quantitative hypotheses (models) are hard to ... More


Collective Induction

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses collective induction, the cooperative search for descriptive, predictive, and explanatory generalizations, rules, and principles. As a psychological process induction begins ... More


Understanding Prosperity and Poverty: Geography, Institutions, and the Reversal of Fortune

Daron Acemoglu, Simon Johnson, and James Robinson

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Geography and institutions are the two main contenders to explain the fundamental causes of cross-country differences in prosperity. The geography hypothesis — which has a large following both in the ... More


Strategic Learning and its Limits

H. Peyton Young

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269181
eISBN:
9780191699375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269181.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book is based on the Arne Ryde Lectures in 2002. The book suggests a conceptual framework for studying strategic learning and highlights theoretical developments in the area. It discusses the ... More


Linear Structural Equation Models

Steffen Kühnel

in Research Strategies in the Social Sciences: A Guide to New Approaches

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292371
eISBN:
9780191600159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292376.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Extending the regression model to path analysis, in which all the variables are randomly distributed and treating the variances and co‐variances as exogenous variables. The worked example ... More


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