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Bayes's Theorem

Richard Swinburne (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263419
eISBN:
9780191734175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263419.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Bayes' theorem is a tool for assessing how probable evidence makes some hypothesis. The papers in this book consider the worth and applicability of the theorem. The book sets out the philosophical ... More


Do multiculturalism policies erode the welfare state? An empirical analysis

Keith Banting, Richard Johnston, Will Kymlicka, and Stuart Soroka

in Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199289172
eISBN:
9780191711084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289172.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter introduces a new framework for testing the recognition/redistribution hypothesis. It develops an index of twenty-three different types of MCPs that have been adopted for three different ... More


Set Theory: Boolean-Valued Models and Independence Proofs

John L. Bell

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568520
eISBN:
9780191717581
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568520.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This is the third edition of a well-known graduate textbook on Boolean-valued models of set theory. The aim of the first and second editions was to provide a systematic and adequately motivated ... More


The Existence of God

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271672
eISBN:
9780191709357
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271672.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book assesses the worth of arguments for and against the existence of God. Evidence confirms (makes more probable) an explanatory hypothesis in so far as (1) given the hypothesis the evidence is ... More


Synergy

Mark L. Latash

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333169
eISBN:
9780199864195
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333169.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Techniques

This book discusses a general problem in biology: the lack of an adequate language for formulating biologically specific problems. This book describes recent progress in the control and coordination ... More


All Hypotheses Are Not Created Equal

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The null hypothesis offers close to null prediction. Directional hypotheses are relatively easy to satisfy and offer correspondingly vague predictions. Quantitative hypotheses (models) are hard to ... More


Understanding Prosperity and Poverty: Geography, Institutions, and the Reversal of Fortune

Daron Acemoglu, Simon Johnson, and James Robinson

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Geography and institutions are the two main contenders to explain the fundamental causes of cross-country differences in prosperity. The geography hypothesis — which has a large following both in the ... More


Collective Induction

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses collective induction, the cooperative search for descriptive, predictive, and explanatory generalizations, rules, and principles. As a psychological process induction begins ... More


Strategic Learning and its Limits

H. Peyton Young

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269181
eISBN:
9780191699375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269181.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book is based on the Arne Ryde Lectures in 2002. The book suggests a conceptual framework for studying strategic learning and highlights theoretical developments in the area. It discusses the ... More


Linear Structural Equation Models

Steffen Kühnel

in Research Strategies in the Social Sciences: A Guide to New Approaches

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292371
eISBN:
9780191600159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292376.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Extending the regression model to path analysis, in which all the variables are randomly distributed and treating the variances and co‐variances as exogenous variables. The worked example ... More


Introduction

Edouard Machery

in Doing without Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306880
eISBN:
9780199867950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306880.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The Introduction discusses the purpose of the book, which is to attempt to rejuvenate the philosophy of concepts by steering it toward a new course. The book argues, the Introduction explains, that ... More


Hearing in Time: Psychological Aspects of Musical Meter

Justin London

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195160819
eISBN:
9780199786763
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160819.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book develops a theory of musical meter based on psychological research in temporal perception, cognition, and motor behavior. Meter is regarded as a kind of entrainment, a synchronization of ... More


Scepticism Comes Alive

Bryan Frances

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199282135
eISBN:
9780191602917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282137.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The nagging voice of the sceptic has always been present in epistemology. Over the last thirty years or so, philosophers have thought of several promising ways to counter the radical sceptic. For ... More


What's Within?: Nativism Reconsidered

Fiona Cowie

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159783
eISBN:
9780199849529
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159783.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book reconsiders the influential nativist position toward the mind. Nativists assert that some concepts, beliefs, or capacities are innate or inborn: “native” to the mind rather than acquired. ... More


Simplicity

Elliott Sober

Published in print:
1975
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244073
eISBN:
9780191680724
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244073.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The diversity of our intuitions about simplicity is matched only by the tenacity with which these intuitions refuse to yield to formal characterization. Our intuitions seem unanimous in favour of ... More


The Social Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter looks at the social brain hypothesis. The term social brain has come to stand for the argument that the human brain, and indeed that of some other animals, is specialized for a ... More


The Plausibility of Adaptations for Homicide

Joshua D. Duntley and David M. Buss

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents a new theory of homicide — homicide adaptation theory — which proposes that humans evolved adaptations to facilitate killing. The new theory is contrasted with two competing ... More


On Crises, Myths, and Measurement

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Explores the themes of what follows. It argues that the welfare state literature of the past quarter century has been big on crisis theories of the welfare state and much weaker on facts. The chapter ... More


Conclusions

Mark D. LeBlanc and Betsey Dexter Dyer

in Perl for Exploring DNA

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195305890
eISBN:
9780199773862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305890.003.15
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Anton van Leeuwenhoek, the microscopist, was in great demand as a party guest in fashionable Delft homes in the 17th century. He could be counted upon to bring along several hand-held microscopes ... More


Concluding Reflections

Bryan Frances

in Scepticism Comes Alive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199282135
eISBN:
9780191602917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282137.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The importance of what was argued in the book was evaluated, with comments on which elements are of lasting significance for epistemology as a discipline. Notions treated include epistemic deference, ... More


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