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 Risk of Hypertensive Heart Disease: The Joint Influence of Genetic and Behavioral Factors

Kathleen C. Light, Susan S. Girdler, and Alan L. Hinderliter

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes an interdisciplinary research program that studied individual and group differences in the risk for hypertension and heart disease. The differences studied include ones ... More


A Systems Approach to the Aging Brain: Neuroanatomic Changes, Their Modifiers, and Cognitive Correlates

Naftali Raz and Kristen M. Kennedy

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Success in diagnosing and treating age-related brain disease depends on understanding normative and optimal aging of the brain. Neuroimaging studies of healthy adults reveal differential brain ... More


Introduction The Case of Franklin

Kevin T. Larkin

in Stress and Hypertension: Examining the Relation between Psychological Stress and High Blood Pressure

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106442
eISBN:
9780300128864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106442.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Franklin, an African American firefighter, sustained third-degree burns on his left arm and hand when he attempted to free a child from a burning vehicle without success. Months following this ... More


The epidemiology of sleep and cardiovascular risk and disease

F.P. Cappuccio and M.A. Miller

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter summarizes the wealth of recent evidence to support the epidemiological link between quantity of sleep (short and long duration of sleep) and quality of sleep (like difficulties in ... More


Sleep and respiratory diseases

A. Xie, R. Kakkar, M.C. Teodorescu, L. Herpel, and V Krishnan, and M. Teodorescu

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Sleep has a significant impact on breathing through withdrawal of the wakefulness stimulus and alterations in muscle tone, ventilatory chemosensitivity, lung properties, and metabolic rate. ... More


Trends in obesity and hypertension in South African youth

K.D. Monyeki, H.C.G. Kemper, and J.W.R. Twisk

in Childhood Obesity Prevention: International Research, Controversies and Interventions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199572915
eISBN:
9780191595110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572915.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Indirect causes of childhood obesity are complex and are sometimes linked to psychological factors, social expectation or pressure, and fat stigmatization. Obesity in children may also be somewhat ... More


Hypertension

Jaye P. F. Chin and Anthony M. Dart

in The Pharmacology of Vascular Smooth Muscle

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192623874
eISBN:
9780191724671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192623874.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The aetiology of hypertension remains obscure in the majority of cases, and treatment, therefore, somewhat empirical. However, abnormalities in the structure and function of the vasculature are ... More


Role of Protein Kinase C and Related Pathways in Vascular Smooth Muscle Contraction and Hypertension

Xiaoying Qiao and Raouf A. Khalil

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Intracellular signaling activities in vascular smooth muscles (VSMs) are central in the control of blood vessel diameter and the regulation of peripheral vascular resistance and blood pressure. ... More


The Hypothalamus and Autonomic Regulation: An Overview

Roger A. L. Dampney

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The hypothalamus plays a key role in regulating autonomic function, usually as part of more generalized, often quite stereotyped, behavioural responses triggered by internal challenges (e.g., a ... More


The Ventrolateral Medulla and Sympathetic Regulation of Arterial Pressure

Ann M. Schreihofer and Alan F. Sved

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The ventrolateral medulla plays a critical role in the regulation of arterial blood pressure, mainly by regulating sympathetic nerve activity to cardiovascular targets such as the heart and blood ... More


The patient presenting with an overactive adrenal gland

Franco Mantero and Nora Albiger

in Supportive Care for the Urology Patient

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198529415
eISBN:
9780191730344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529415.003.0024
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter presents a case for a patient with an overactive adrenal gland. The adrenal gland can be the site of hormonally active or inactive lesions, benign or malignant tumors, metastases, and ... More


Evolution, developmental plasticity, and metabolic disease

Christopher W. Kuzawa, Peter D. Gluckman, Mark A. Hanson, and Alan S. Beedle

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Early-life events influence late life health. An adverse early environment changes the developing organism's metabolism, physiology, and organ structure to increase risk of adult metabolic disorders, ... More


Lifestyle, diet, and disease: comparative perspectives on the determinants of chronic health risks

William R. Leonard

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

We evolved under high levels of physical activity and energy expenditure, seasonal fluctuations in food availability, and frequent periods of marginal or negative energy balance. Today, we continue ... More


Stress and Essential Hypertension

Kevin T. Larkin

in Stress and Hypertension: Examining the Relation between Psychological Stress and High Blood Pressure

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106442
eISBN:
9780300128864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106442.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

High blood pressure, commonly referred to as hypertension, takes two forms: primary or essential hypertension and secondary hypertension. In cases of secondary hypertension, there is an identified ... More


Colour-Vision Disturbances in Patients With Arterial Hypertension

Anke Schröder, Carl Erb, Stefan Falk, Gabriele Schwartze, Jörg Radermacher, and Rolf Winter

in Normal and Defective Colour Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525301
eISBN:
9780191584947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525301.003.0043
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines colour vision in patients with an early stage of arterial hypertension without end-organ damage. A significantly higher median error score in Roth's 28-hue (E) desaturated ... More


The Promise and Promotion of CEA

Peter J. Neumann

in Using Cost-Effectiveness Analysis to Improve Health Care: Opportunities and barriers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171860
eISBN:
9780199865345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171860.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces the intellectual roots of cost-effectiveness analysis in health care. It also provides a brief history of CEA in health applications. It argues that the emergence of CEA in the ... More


Heart Disease and Stroke Mortality in the Twentieth Century

Kurt J. Greenlund, Wayne H. Giles, Nora L. Keenan, Ann Marie Malarcher, Zhi Jie Zheng, Michele L. Casper, and Janet B. Croft

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.18
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Heart disease has been the leading cause of death in the United States since 1921, and stroke has been the third leading cause since 1938. Heart disease and stroke account for most cardiovascular ... More


Linear Logistic Regression

Steve Selvin

in Epidemiologic Analysis: A Case-Oriented Approach

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146189
eISBN:
9780199864720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146189.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the association between workplace exposure to noise and the risk of hypertension while accounting for several possible confounding influences, particularly salt consumption and ... More


How family-based studies have added to understanding the life course epidemiology of reproductive health

Susan MB Morton and Janet Rich Edwards

in Family matters: Designing, analysing and understanding family based studies in life course epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231034
eISBN:
9780191723841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231034.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Reproductive events throughout a woman's life course tend to be both a product of the cumulative exposures a woman has been subject to before that event, as well as a marker for her likely future ... More


Man-made diseases

Robert L. Perlman

in Evolution and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199661718
eISBN:
9780191774720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661718.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

We live in an environment that differs in many important respects from the environments in which our ancestors lived and to which they became more or less well adapted. We live in large, culturally ... More


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