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Exposure Assessment in Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology

Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528616
eISBN:
9780191723933
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528616.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The recent and rapid expansion of occupational and environmental epidemiology and health risk assessment looks set to continue in line with growing public, government, and media concern about ... More


Birth of the ‘Secular’ Individual: Medical and Legal Methods of Identification in Nineteenth-Century Egypt

Khaled Fahmy

in Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265314
eISBN:
9780191760402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265314.003.0014
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter describes a number of medico-administrative and legal changes that were introduced in nineteenth-century Egypt and that gave rise to an individualized conception of identity. Prompted by ... More


War, Health, and Citizenship: Preventive Medicine on the Western Front

Mark Harrison

in The Medical War: British Military Medicine in the First World War

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199575824
eISBN:
9780191595158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575824.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter considers the changes taking place in preventive medicine in the army and in civilian life in the run up to the First World War. It shows how various elements of preventive medicine were ... More


Military medicine in transition: Mesopotamia, June 1916–November 1918

Mark Harrison

in The Medical War: British Military Medicine in the First World War

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199575824
eISBN:
9780191595158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575824.003.0008
Subject:
History, Military History

From 1916 the very dismal medical situation in Mesopotamia began to improve due to a massive injection of manpower and resources and a wholesale change of command. The headquarters staff in ... More


The Analytic Tradition, Radical (Feminist) Interpretation, and the Hygiene Hypothesis

Sharyn Clough

in Out from the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199855469
eISBN:
9780199932788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855469.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

In analytic philosophy of science, political interests are viewed as a negative influence on science. I present an epidemiological case study concerning the “hygiene hypothesis” and argue that the ... More


A History of Powerlessness

Donald M. Linhorst

in Empowering People with Severe Mental Illness: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195171877
eISBN:
9780199865338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171877.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter describes the history of powerlessness of people with mental illness. This helps to put into context current limitations to empowerment and provides direction for creating opportunities ... More


Oral hygiene

Andrew Davies and Ilora Finlay

in Oral Care in Advanced Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192632432
eISBN:
9780191730375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632432.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

The maintenance of good oral hygiene is crucial in all patients, particularly patients with advanced disease. Poor oral hygiene can have physical, psychological, and social repercussions. Poor oral ... More


Bill of Health Rights for Incarcerated Girls

Residents of the Cook County Juvenile Detention Center

in Interrupted Life: Experiences of Incarcerated Women in the United States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252493
eISBN:
9780520944565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252493.003.0052
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter presents a Bill of Health Rights for incarcerated girls, prepared by young women who are or have been incarcerated in Cook County's Juvenile Temporary Detention Center. These are rights ... More


‘We did try one of them rubber things once, but we didn't like 'em’ 1

Kate Fisher

in Birth Control, Sex, and Marriage in Britain 1918-1960

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199267361
eISBN:
9780191708299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267361.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines the reasons behind individuals' choice of method. It argues that historians and demographers have hitherto uncritically assumed individuals would welcome technological ... More


Bodies, Bodily Functions and Activities, and Hygiene

BONNIE S. McDOUGALL

in Love-Letters and Privacy in Modern China: The Intimate Lives of Lu Xun and Xu Guangping

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256792
eISBN:
9780191698378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256792.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter explores Lu Xun and Xu Guangping's own bodies and bodily activities and functions. When they first started to write to each other, the two rarely discussed bodies, bodily functions or ... More


Medicine and the Psychological

Mathew Thomson

in Psychological Subjects: Identity, Culture, and Health in Twentieth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287802
eISBN:
9780191713378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287802.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter surveys the limited success of psychiatry in reaching beyond asylums through the development of psychological clinics and the promotion of ‘mental hygiene’ in the interwar years. It ... More


Making Marriage Modern: Women's Sexuality from the Progressive Era to World War II

Christina Simmons

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195064117
eISBN:
9780199869565
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064117.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Social History

As a modern female style undermined a Victorian motherhood‐centered ideal, whites and African Americans debated conceptions of women's sexuality and marriage. In the 1910s social hygiene reformers ... More


Under the Strain of Color: Harlem's Lafargue Clinic and the Promise of an Antiracist Psychiatry

Gabriel N. Mendes

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453502
eISBN:
9781501701399
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453502.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This book recaptures the history of a largely forgotten New York City institution that embodied new ways of thinking about mental health, race, and the substance of citizenship. Harlem’s Lafargue ... More


Time-Sharing and Virtualization

Tung-Hui Hu

in A Prehistory of the Cloud

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029513
eISBN:
9780262330091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029513.003.0002
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

This chapter examines the pre-history of what is now called “cloud computing”: the idea that computer power and software could be ‘piped’ into a user’s home, like electricity or other utilities. This ... More


Education for Social Hygiene

Christina Simmons

in Making Marriage Modern: Women's Sexuality from the Progressive Era to World War II

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195064117
eISBN:
9780199869565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064117.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Social History

Social hygiene reform developed in the 1910s from the coalescence of the religious social purity movement and the more scientifically inclined antivenereal disease movement. Social hygienists, many ... More


Public Health and Biopolitics: Disciplining Through Disease Control

Kyung Moon Hwang

in Rationalizing Korea: "The Rise of the Modern State, 1894-1945"

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520288317
eISBN:
9780520963276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520288317.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines public health and disease control through the state’s efforts at combatting cholera and venereal disease. It considers the impact of Joseon practices and conventions, the ... More


Remaking the Male Body: Masculinity and the uses of Physical Culture in Interwar and Vichy France

Joan Tumblety

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199695577
eISBN:
9780191745072
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695577.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

This book is about interwar physical culture as a set of popular practices and as a field of ideas. It takes as its central subject the imagined failure of French manhood that was mapped out in this ... More


Drives, Emotions, and Moods

Johannes Fabian

in Out of Our Minds: Reason and Madness in the Exploration of Central Africa

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520221222
eISBN:
9780520923935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520221222.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

Explorers traveled in a demanding, often dangerous environment. Its necessities constrained their lives, and a regime of tropical hygienic imposed rules and gave directives for most of the typical ... More


Mouth care

Dominique Dion, Bernard Lapointe, and Martin T. Tyler

in Palliative Medicine: A case-based manual

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694143
eISBN:
9780191739255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694143.003.0048
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter illustrates via a case study the necessary skills, attitudes, and knowledge needed to manage oral problems in cancer patients. It examines several questions such as: How common and ... More


Outside the Palace Walls: Daily Life

Delia Cortese and Simonetta Calderini

in Women and the Fatimids in the World of Islam

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748617326
eISBN:
9780748671366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748617326.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

For almost a century following the foundation of Cairo, Egypt enjoyed a period of economic prosperity that, coupled with political and administrative stability, contributed, notwithstanding a broader ... More


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