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The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Stefano Atzeni and Jürgen Meyer-ter-Vehn

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The book is devoted to targets for nuclear fusion by inertial confinement and to the various branches of physics involved. It first discusses fusion reactions and general requirements for fusion ... More


Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Armando Francesco Borghesani

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In liquid helium, an electron is surrounded by a cavity called an electron bubble of 20 Ångstroms in diameter. A positive helium ion is solvated by an electrostriction induced solid helium-ice shell ... More


Introduction to 3+1 Numerical Relativity

Miguel Alcubierre

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199205677
eISBN:
9780191709371
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205677.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book introduces the modern field of 3+1 numerical relativity. It has been written in a way as to be as self-contained as possible, and assumes a basic knowledge of special relativity. Starting ... More


The physical limnology of high-latitude lakes

Warwick F. Vincent, Sally MacIntyre, Robert H. Spigel, and Isabelle Laurion

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The physical environment of high latitude lakes exerts a wide-ranging influence on their aquatic ecology. Certain features of Arctic and Antarctic lakes — such as prolonged ice cover and ... More


HYPERBOLIC CONSERVATION LAWS

George Em Karniadakis and Spencer J. Sherwin

in Spectral/hp Element Methods for Computational Fluid Dynamics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528692
eISBN:
9780191713491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528692.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter discusses compressible Euler and Navier-Stokes equations as well as general hyperbolic conservation laws. The principle issue is how effectively to use the high-order expansions of the ... More


Numerical Simulation Of Microflows And Nanoflows

Narayan R. Aluru and George Em Karniadakis

in Micro/Nano Technology Systems for Biomedical Applications: Microfluidics, Optics, and Surface Chemistry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199219698
eISBN:
9780191594229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219698.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

In this chapter we review recent advances in numerical simulation of micro and nanoflows. For coarse-grained simulation of microfuidics, we present an overview of Lattice Boltzmann, Brownian ... More


The Abiotic Environment

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, and Graham M. Pilling

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198566359
eISBN:
9780191713934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566359.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Coral reefs are largely restricted to shallow tropical seas, where water is warm, nutrient poor, well illuminated for photosynthesis, and where sufficient calcium carbonate (aragonite) exists in ... More


Surface waves and patterns in periodically vibrated granular layers

Igor S. Aranson and Lev S. Tsimring

in Granular Patterns

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534418
eISBN:
9780191714665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534418.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter examines pattern-forming phenomena in thin layers of granular materials subjected to low-frequency periodic vertical vibration above the acceleration of gravity. Compared to driven ... More


Patterns in gravity-driven granular flows

Igor S. Aranson and Lev S. Tsimring

in Granular Patterns

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534418
eISBN:
9780191714665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534418.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter provides an overview of mechanisms and theoretical models of pattern formation in dense gravity-driven granular flows. A wide range of phenomena, from one- and two-dimensional avalanches ... More


Application to Fluid Dynamics

T. Grandy Walter

in Entropy and the Time Evolution of Macroscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199546176
eISBN:
9780191720161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546176.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter presents an interlude in which the previous theoretical developments are applied to the fluid dynamics of simple fluids and the derivation of their macroscopic equations of motion from ... More


VORTEX HYDRODYNAMICS

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter deals with the discovery that ions interact with hydrodynamic structures of the superfluid in a way that can be explained only by assuming that the flow patterns in the superfluid are ... More


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

Ted Janssen, Gervais Chapuis, and Marc de Boissieu

in Aperiodic Crystals: From Modulated Phases to Quasicrystals

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567776
eISBN:
9780191718335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567776.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter discusses the physical properties of aperiodic crystals. Topics covered include tensorial properties, hydrodynamics, phonons, phasons, non-linear excitations, and electrons. It is shown ... More


Macroscopic Superpositions, Decoherent Histories, and the Emergence of Hydrodynamic Behaviour

Jonathan Halliwell

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Macroscopic systems are described most completely by local densities (particle number, momentum, and energy) yet the superposition states of such physical variables, indicated by the Everett ... More


ION TRANSPORT IN NORMAL LIQUID 4HE

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Ions are used in normal liquid helium to investigate the hydrodynamics in presence of electrostriction. The Navier-Stokes equation must be modified in order to account for the spatial variations of ... More


ION TRANSPORT AT PHASE TRANSITIONS

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

At T=2.17 K and P=0, liquid helium undergoes the superfluid transition. Dose this transition belong to the same universality class of the usual liquid-vapor transition? This question has been ... More


Vortex Formation By Kelvin–Helmholtz Instability

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0027
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses nucleation of vortices due to instability of the interface between two superfluids moving with different velocities. The classical counterpart of this instability is the ... More


Fluid Mechanics and the SPH Method: Theory and Applications

Damien Violeau

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655526
eISBN:
9780191741227
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655526.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book aims at presenting the SPH method for fluid modelling from a theoretical and applied viewpoint. It comprises two parts that refer to each other. The first, dealing with the fundamentals of ... More


Effective Theory Of Superfluidity

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses how the effective theory incorporates the low-energy dynamics of the superfluid vacuum and the dynamics of the system of quasiparticles in Bose liquids. The effective theory of ... More


Two-Fluid Hydrodynamics

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The analog of matter in the background of superfluid vacuum consists of quanta of sound waves (phonons), which form a dilute gas. This gas of quasiparticles represents the so-called normal component ... More


Introduction

Nikolai V. Brilliantov and Thorsten Pöschel

in Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198530381
eISBN:
9780191713057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530381.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This introductory chapter discusses basic concepts of the kinetic theory of granular gases and mentions some of the exciting phenomena in gas dynamics. Topics covered include kinetic theory for ... More


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